A Comprehensive Introduction toPhotoshop Selection Techniques
Selection in Photoshop
Photoshop selects pixels based one of the three properties, as shown in the image below:1.
Chroma: is the color of the pixel. Color of a pixel is the level of RGBvalues and color based select tools like the Magic Wand. Select by color uses the RGB% as a criteria to group pixels based on the set tolerancevalues.2.
Luma: is a selection based on Illumination levels. Illumination levels arewhiteness of the image, which is nothing but higher values for all thethree R, G and B channels. Photoshop doesn't have a native interface for aLuma based selection, but many existing tools can be hacked to get asimilar result.3.
Masks: are based on spatial position. Pixels are selected and discarded or masked by a parallel layer bound to corresponding image layer. Masksare grayscale and brightness of the mask is called an Alpha level, which isthe degree of opaqueness of the corresponding layer pixel. It's also calledthe Transparency/Opacity channel as in RGBA etc.