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2012 03 02 the ant

2012 03 02 the ant

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Published by Sam Shah

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Published by: Sam Shah on Mar 15, 2012
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Name:____________________________ Date:_________________Band:________ Algebra II | Packer Collegiate Institute The nature of solutions and x-intercepts
The nature of the solutions to a quadratic
 The quadratic formula is:
2
24
b acb xa
± =
. It tells us the
 x
values that make
2
0
bx cax
+ + =
 a true statement.We have gotten all sorts of different solutions to quadratics…For
2
3 7 0
 x x
+ =
, the solutions are
3 192 2
i x
+=
&
3 192 2
i x
=
(or
1.5 2.18
 x i
+
and
1.5 2.18
 x i
)For
2
3 5 1 0
 x x
+ + =
, the solutions are
56136
 x
= +
&
56136
 x
=
(or
0.23
 x
and
1.43
 x
)For
2
4 4 0
 x x
+ =
, the solution is
2
 x
=
.Some of the quadratics have solutions with imaginary numbers (
i
), while others don’t.Look at the quadratic formula. Circle the part of the formula which determines whetherthere is an imaginary number in the solutions or not:
2
24
b acb xa
± =
 This expression is known as:When this expression is
negative
, we know we will have ____ non-real solution(s)(solutions involving
i
). This is because:When this expression is
positive
, we know we will have ____ real solution(s) (solutions notinvolving
i
). This is because:When this expression is
zero
, we know we will have ____ real solution(s). This is because:
Let’s check this out.
1
 
For the examples above, find the value of the
discriminant
:For
2
3 7 0
 x x
+ =
, the
discriminant
is ______. Thus, there is/are ______________ solution(s).For
2
3 5 1 0
 x x
+ + =
, the
discriminant
is ______. Thus, there is/are ______________ solution(s).For
2
4 4 0
 x x
+ =
,
discriminant
is ______. Thus, there is/are ______________ solution(s). The
discriminant
doesn’t tell us what the solutions
are
, but they do tell us what thesesolutions “look like.”
The x-intercepts of a quadratic
What do we mean when we say “x-intecept”? ______________________________________________  ________________________________________________________________________________.What is true about the y-coordinate of 
all
x-intercepts? _______________________________________.On your graphing calculators, graph the following, and find the x-intercepts. Use ZOOMSTANDARD.Calculator Instruction: To find the x-intercepts, go to CALC > ZERO > then pick the leftbound and right bound so you’re to the
left 
and
right 
of the x-intercept.
2
3 7
 x y x
+=
x-intercept(s):
2
13 5
 x y x
+ +=
x-intercept(s):
2
4 4
 x y x
+=
x-intercept(s):
2
 
Look at the x-intercepts. What do you notice?Recall, since x-intercepts occur when y=0, what we’re really doing is finding the solutionsto
2
3 7 0
 x x
+ =
,
2
3 5 1 0
 x x
+ + =
, and
2
4 4 0
 x x
+ =
.Here’s where things get interesting… The first parabola has ______ x-intercepts because: The second parabola has _____ x-intercepts because: The third parabola has _____ x-intercepts because:Check yo’self before you wreck yo’self:How many x-intercepts do the following parabolas have?(a)
2
3( ) 12
 f x x x
+=
(b)
2
2 12
 y x x
+= +
(c)
2
3( ) 10
 g x x x
+=
(d)
2
( ) 25 20 4
h x x x
= + +
Let’s summarize the discriminant:
For a quadratic equation
2
0
x cax b
+ +=
…a
positive
discriminant means:… a
negative
discriminant
 
means:… a
zero
discriminant means:For a quadratic equation
2
 x c y ax b
+ +=
…a
positive
discriminant means:… a
negative
discriminant
 
means:… a
zero
discriminant means:
3

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