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Labour Laws

Labour Laws

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Published by ramesh66

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Published by: ramesh66 on Dec 09, 2007
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09/06/2012

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LABOUR LAWS FOR HR PROFESSIONALSActs covered:
1.The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act 19702.The Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act19523.The Employees State Insurance Act 19484.The Factories Act 19485.The Industrial Disputes Act 1947
6.
The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 19467.The Maternity Benefit Act 19618.The Minimum Wages Act 19489.The Payment of Wages Act 193610.The Payment of Gratuity Act 197211.The Trade Unions Act 192612.The Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923
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The Employees’ State Insurance Act 1948
The Employees State Insurance Act is a piece of social securitylegislation conceived as a means of extinction of the evils of society,namely disease, dirt, ignorance and indigence. The object of this Act is tosecure sickness, maternity, disablement, and medical benefit toemployees and dependants’ benefits to the dependants. These benefitsare secured by financial contributions to the Scheme by employers andemployees.
Application
In the first instance, it shall apply to all factories (including factoriesbelonging to Government) other than seasonal factories.
Definition“Factory”
Where on ten or more employed and being carried out the Manufacturingactivity with the aid of power or where on 20 or more persons employedand being carried out the Manufacturing activity without aid of power.
“Employee”
means any person employed for wages in or in connection with the workof a factory or establishment to which this Act applies
“Family”
A SpouseA minor Legitimate or adopted childA child who is wholly dependent till he or she attains age of 21 yrsAn Unmarried daughter A child who is in firm by reason of any physical or mental abnormalityDependent parents
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Wages”
All remuneration paid or payable but does not include PF & Gratuitypayable of the discharge
“Employment Injury”
A personal injury to an employee caused by accident or an occupationaldisease arising out of and in the course of employment
"Dependant"
means any of the following relatives of a deceased insured person,namely :- (i) a widow, a minor legitimate or adopted son, an unmarriedlegitimate or adopted daughter;(ia) a widowed mother;(ii) if wholly dependent on the earnings of the insured person at the timeof his death, a legitimate or adopted son or daughter who has attainedthe age of eighteen years and is infirm;(iii) if wholly or in part dependent on the earnings of the insured person atthe time of his death, - (a) a parent other than a widowed mother,(b) a minor illegitimate son, an unmarried illegitimate daughter or adaughter legitimate or adopted or illegitimate if married and a minor or if widowed and a minor,(c) a minor brother or an unmarried sister or a widowed sister if a minor,(d) a widowed daughter-in-law,(e) a minor child of a pre-deceased son,(f) a minor child of a pre-deceased daughter where no parent of the childis alive, or (g) a paternal grand-parent if no parent of the insured person is alive;
"Permanent partial disablement"
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