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Historical Inquiry Paper

Historical Inquiry Paper

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Published by Jenna Price

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Published by: Jenna Price on Mar 15, 2012
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Jenna PriceMrs. CarusoENGL 1102February 15, 2012
Sinking of the Titanic: Behind the Scenes
The well-known story of the Titanic is one preserved through the years, and forgood reason. Most memories of the Titanic are those of sorrow, pain and remorse.
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The
“unsinkable” ship was much more than a cruise across the vast waters, but an opportunity
for many to start a new life in America.
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The ship carried multiple classes, many
families’
 rich in culture and those with enough potential to establish a new beginning.When explaining an important event such as this one, it is necessary to mentionthe important people and discuss a little bit about their life history. The most importantperson pertaining to the Sinking of the Titanic is the captain, Edward John Smith.
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 Edward was born in England and came from a middle class background. He was part of the Royal Navy Reserve and has captained many ships before he took on the Titanic.Edward, also know as E.J., became well liked throughout the crew of the Titanic. Edwardplanned to retire after his journey on the Titanic. He would no longer captain anymore of these famous cruise ships. (Titanic-Titanic)Edward normally ate small meals within his own facility.
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On the night of April14, Edward attended a dinner party that was specifically for him.
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He had heard wordthat the ship was entering an ice zone so he excused himself from the dinner party, early.Edward retired to bed after he was told there was absolutely nothing to worry about. Hewas then woken up by the collision of the iceberg. (Metelko) Many people seem to
 
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 blame Edward for the sinking of the Titanic. They say Edward should have been moreaware of the iceberg. In reality, who is really to bla
me? A ship’s crew consists of not
 just a captain, but also an entire crew who play off each other to ensure a safe journey.Similar to a team of any sport, each individual works off another for the overall success.The departure of the Titanic started off badly.
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Situations began to occur with thepropeller that almost did not allow the Titanic to begin the travel over seas! The Titanicwas inches away from colliding with another cruise ship, the New York. Passengers onboard saw this to be bad luck. A
company, the White Star Line built the “unsinkableship”
.
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It was known as the “unsinkable ship” because it was so large and heavy in
weight that no one thought it was capable of ever sinking. An American tycoon, J.P.Morgan, was the owner of the famous ship. The cost to build the Titanic was outrageous,especially back during those times. Nearly 7.5 million dollars were contributed tomaking the Titanic magnificent and a first-class ticket was nearly impossible to afford.
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In today’s economy, a first
-class ticket would range up to $50,000. That should leteveryone know just how expensive the Titanic was. It took a couple of years to build theTitanic and approximately 3,000 men to do so! The Titanic was quite large for her day.It was the largest man-made object that was afloat during that time. (the titanic page)April 10, 1912 the Titanic departed from Southampton UK in great desire to dock in New York City in just a few short days. The titanic only made it to April 15, which isthe day that the Titanic made history. Before the horrible sinking, the trip was unusuallysmooth. The water was barely moving and there was nothing going wrong. Some saythat if the water had not been so smooth, then the iceberg would have been easier tolocate due to the breaks in the water surrounding the iceberg. The Titanic received six
 
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 different warnings before it actually collided with the iceberg.
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The operating managerignored all of the warnings. No one seems to know why. (the titanic page) Surprisingly,the iceberg that the Titanic struck was not big at all, though it still proceeded to do a lot of damage to the ship.
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The iceberg was only 1/10 out of the water with 9/10 of the icebergleft under the water.
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Therefore, the iceberg was not going to budge even with a massiveship, like the Titanic, colliding with it. The iceberg was an unusual one. It was not white,
 but known as a “blackberg”
(black ice found on icy roads) which made the iceberg ratherhard to locate.
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(the titanic page)On a cold Sunday night, April 14,1912 the Titanic crashed into the iceberg at11:40 P.M. The ship was traveling a bit faster than normal.
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It was traveling 22.5 knotswhile cruising through the icy waters, which is only .5 knots from its maximum speed.The iceberg immediately cut a deep gash into the side of the Titanic.
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The gash wasnearly 882 feet long with no way of recovery. Unfortunately, five compartments in theTitanic became flooded. If only four of the compartments had flooded, the Titanic wouldhave been able to stay afloat. (the titanic page)There were many errors in operation to begin with.
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When the ship began sailingfrom Southampton, there was a bunker fire that was distinguished many hours later.(Titanic FAQ) This could have very well affected the ship when it began to sink.
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Nosafety drill was given on board for the passengers.
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They had no clue what to do orwhere to go when the ship began to sink. This was a major fail concerning the Titaniccrew. The number one error of operation involved the chairman of line, Bruce Ismay. Hewas given a radio message stating that ice was in the path of the ship. Bruce proceeded totell the captain, but it slipped his mind after he pushed the letter into his pocket.

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