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Life in the UK

Life in the UK

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Published by: Prasad on Mar 10, 2007
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06/05/2013

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This material is based on “Life in the United Kingdom, A Journey to Citizenship” bookand produced with the permission of Controller of HMSO (under special licenseC2006009709). No part of this material may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted without the written permission of HMSO’s copyright unit.
Downloaded from:http://www.MyEnglandTravel.com
This document is an extract ofLife in the United KingdomA journey to CitizenshipChapters 2, 3 and 4
For British Citizenship Test Study
This material is based on “Life in the United Kingdom, A Journey to Citizenship” book and produced with the permissionof Controller of HMSO (under special license C2006009709). Nopart of this material may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem or transmitted without the written permission ofHMSO’s copyright unit.
Downloaded from:
http://www.MyEnglandTravel.comPlease read the license information below carefully.
 
This material is based on “Life in the United Kingdom, A Journey to Citizenship” bookand produced with the permission of Controller of HMSO (under special licenseC2006009709). No part of this material may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted without the written permission of HMSO’s copyright unit.
Downloaded from:http://www.MyEnglandTravel.com
CHAPTER 2MIGRATION TO BRITAIN
If we go back far enough in time, almost everyone living in Britaintoday may be seen to have their origins elsewhere. We are a nationof immigrants -able to trace our roots to countries throughoutEurope, Russia, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean.In the past immigrant groups came to invade and to seize land.More recently, people have come to Britain to find safety and insearch of jobs and a better life.Britain is proud of its tradition of providing a safe haven forpeople fleeting persecution and conflict. In the sixteenth andseventeenth centuries, Protestant Huguenots from France came toBritain to escape religious persecution. The terrible famine inIreland in the mid 1840s led to a surge of migration to the Britishmainland, where Irish labourers provided much of the workforcefor the construction of canals and railways.Between 1880 -1910, large numbers of Jewish people came toBritain from what are now Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus to escapethe violence they faced at home. Unhappily, in the 1930s, fewerwere able to leave Germany and central Europe in time to escapethe Nazi Holocaust, which claimed the lives of 6 million people.
Migration since 1945
At the end of the Second World War, there was the huge task ofrebuilding Britain after six years of war. With not enough peopleavailable for work, the British government encouraged workersfrom other parts of Europe to help with the process ofreconstruction. In 1948, the invitation was extended to people inIreland and the West Indies.A shortage of labour in Britain continued throughout the 1950sand some UK industries launched advertising campaigns to attractworkers from overseas. Centres were set up in the West Indies to
 
This material is based on “Life in the United Kingdom, A Journey to Citizenship” bookand produced with the permission of Controller of HMSO (under special licenseC2006009709). No part of this material may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted without the written permission of HMSO’s copyright unit.
Downloaded from:http://www.MyEnglandTravel.com
recruit bus crews, and textile and engineering firms in the north ofEngland and the Midlands sent agents to find workers in Indiaand Pakistan. For about 25 years people from the West Indies,India, Pakistan, and later Bangladesh, travelled to work and settlein Britain.In the 1970s, migration from these areas fell after the Governmentpassed new laws restricting immigration to Britain. However,during this period, Britain admitted 28,000 people of Indian originwho had been forced to leave Uganda, and 22,000 refugees fromSouth East Asia. In the 1980s, the largest immigrant groups werefrom the United States, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand,Hong Kong, Singapore, and Malaysia.With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the break-up of the SovietUnion in the late 1980s and early 90s, other groups began to cometo Britain, seeking a new and safer way of life. Since 1994 there hasbeen a rise in the numbers moving to Britain from Europe, theMiddle East, Asia, Africa and the Indian sub-continent, many ofwhom have sought political asylum. Migrants to Britain, however,face increasingly tighter controls, as the Government attempts toprevent unauthorised immigration and to examine more closelythe claims of those seeking asylum.

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