This material is based on “Life in the United Kingdom, A Journey to Citizenship” bookand produced with the permission of Controller of HMSO (under special licenseC2006009709). No part of this material may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted without the written permission of HMSO’s copyright unit.
recruit bus crews, and textile and engineering firms in the north ofEngland and the Midlands sent agents to find workers in Indiaand Pakistan. For about 25 years people from the West Indies,India, Pakistan, and later Bangladesh, travelled to work and settlein Britain.In the 1970s, migration from these areas fell after the Governmentpassed new laws restricting immigration to Britain. However,during this period, Britain admitted 28,000 people of Indian originwho had been forced to leave Uganda, and 22,000 refugees fromSouth East Asia. In the 1980s, the largest immigrant groups werefrom the United States, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand,Hong Kong, Singapore, and Malaysia.With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the break-up of the SovietUnion in the late 1980s and early 90s, other groups began to cometo Britain, seeking a new and safer way of life. Since 1994 there hasbeen a rise in the numbers moving to Britain from Europe, theMiddle East, Asia, Africa and the Indian sub-continent, many ofwhom have sought political asylum. Migrants to Britain, however,face increasingly tighter controls, as the Government attempts toprevent unauthorised immigration and to examine more closelythe claims of those seeking asylum.