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USGS Cliff Side Erosion

USGS Cliff Side Erosion

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Published by Sabrina Brennan

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Published by: Sabrina Brennan on Mar 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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U.S. Department of the InteriorU.S. Geological Survey
Formation, Evolution, and Stability ofCoastal Cliffs–Status and Trends
Professional Paper 1693
Formation, Evolution, and Stability ofCoastal Cliffs–Status and Trends
Monty A. Hampton and Gary B. Griggs, Editors
Cliffs are a common feature along U.S. coastlines. Understanding the geology of coastal cliffs is essential to addressing the impact of landward cliff retreat in developed areas.
Professional Paper 1693 
U.S. Department of the InteriorU.S. Geological Survey
U.S. Department of the Interior
Gale A. Norton, Secretary
U.S. Geological Survey
Charles G. Groat, Director
Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publicationis for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsementby the U.S. Government.United States Government Printing Office: 2004For additional copies please contact:
USGS Information ServicesBox 25286Denver, CO 80225
This report and any updates to it are available athttp://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/pp1693/Additional USGS publications can be found athttp://geology.usgs.gov/products.htmlFor more information about the USGS and its products:
Telephone: 1–888–ASK–USGS (1-888-275-8747) World Wide Web: http://www.usgs.gov
Text edited by Peter H. Stauffer and James W. Hendley IILayout and design by Stephen L. ScottManuscript approved for publication, March 18, 2004FRONT COVERPhotograph taken just before the 1997-98 El Niño storms, showing the northward view along the approximately 30-m tall sea cliff at NorthExplanade beach in Pacifica, California. The soft cliff shows signs of erosion, and a rip-rap sea wall is being constructed at the cliff base to protect houses along the cliff edge. The sea wall was not completed before the storms, and the cliff retreated more than 10 m (see laterphotograph on page 1). Most of the houses along the cliff were condemned and razed after the storm season.Cataloging-in-Publication data are on file with the Library of Congress

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