Spelling and pronunciation
In a few cases, essentially the same word has a differentspelling which reflects a different pronunciation.As well as the miscellaneous cases listed in the following table,the past tenses of some irregular verbs differ in both spellingand pronunciation, as with
(mainly US): see American and British Englishdifferences: Verb morphology.
, originally a French loanword, isthe older spelling. According to the OED,
became the standard U.S. term(replacing
) after it was adopted bythe National Advisory Committee forAeronautics in 1916. Although A. Lloyd Jonesrecommended its adoption by the BBC in1928, it has until recently been no more thanan occasional form in British English." In theBritish National Corpus,
by more than 7:1. Thecase is similar for UK
, although both of these formsare now obsolescent. Theprefixes
, the firstcoming from the Greek word
. Thus, forexample, the first appears in aeronautics,aerostatics and aerodynamics, and so on,where the second suffix is a Greek word,while the second occurs (invariably)in aircraft, airport, airliner, airmail, etc. wherethe second suffix is an English word. InCanada,
is used more commonlythan
is notunknown, especially in parts of FrenchCanada (the current French term is,however,
designating inFrench the plane ancestor). Both Canada andAustralia use
as a technical term.
The spelling aluminium is the internationalstandard in the sciences (IUPAC). TheAmerican spelling is nonetheless used bymany American scientists. Humphry Davy,the element's discoverer, first proposed thename
, and then later