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woc diare

woc diare

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Published by Ika Ikaclorys

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Published by: Ika Ikaclorys on Mar 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/14/2013

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WOC DIARE
Psikologis (cemas,stress, dll)EnteralMasuk dalam alirandarahHCl meningkatParenteralMakanan (alergi,basi, pedas, dll)Pelepasan Tekanan osmotik dalam ronggausus meningkat
 
Etiologi
Faktor Infeksi :-Enteral-ParenteralFaktor Non-infeksi :-Makanan-Malabsorbsi-PsikologisBakteri, virus, parasitSaluran cerna (Mulut,faring, esofagus)Peningkatanmotilitas cernaMasuk danberkembang dalamHiperperistaltikPenurunan absorbsi di Transit time untukabsorbsi nutrienMerangsangsaraf ReaksiPelepasanmediator kimiaMenstimulasikemoreseptor
 
AsidosisNafasPCO
2
meningkatPO
2
menurunMK : Pola nafastidak efektif Kehilangan cairandan elektrolitSekresi cairandan elektrolitmeninkatPompa magnesium-natrium berkurangMK : Resiko syokhipovolemikFrekuensi BAB meningkat
DIAR
B1B2B3MK :
-
Pola nafastidak efektif Kompensasi denganpenurunan pengisianventrikelHipokalemiaRangsanganterhadap neuronmenurunDisritmiaMK : Kerusakanpertukaran gas
 
DispneaMK : Gg. Perfusi jaringan
 
Kehilangan cairan danelektrolit berlebihanMalabsorbsi Tekanan ronggaabdomen meningkatMK : RestiMK : Gg.Pertukaran gasKram abdomenCO menurunSulit konsentrasi, sulitmengingatKontraksi otot lemahAsetil kolinmenurunGg. Rasanyaman nyeriMerusak vili-viliSuhuMK : Gg.Keseimbangansuhu tubuh
 
OliguriaMK: Perubahannutrisi kurang darikebutuhan tubuhHipersekresi air danelektrolitB5DistensiMual,DefisitPenurunannafsu makanMK : DefisitpemenuhanAnoreksiaPeningkatankeasamanKelemahan ototMK : Gg.Keseimbangan asamPenurunanbikarbonatdalamKehilanganGFR turunMK : Gg. EliminasiB4Frekuensidefekasimeningkat,Cairan banyakyg keluarMK : Gg.KeseimbanganDehidrasiMalnutrisiGg.

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