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Lab - Volatile Liquid

Lab - Volatile Liquid

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Published by soadquake981
An IB lab - molar mass of an unknown liquid.
An IB lab - molar mass of an unknown liquid.

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Published by: soadquake981 on Dec 01, 2008
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01/02/2013

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Garg 1Rishi GargIB Chemistry, 1
st
PeriodMr. McQueen2 December 2008
IB Molar Mass of a Volatile Liquid Lab
Problem:
What is the unknown volatile liquid?
Variables:
Independent
 –
What the liquid isDependent
 –
Mass of the liquidConstants
 –
type of liquid, amount of liquid, size of test tube, amount of water, size of beakers,size of foil, dryness of test tubes
Materials:
 
3 13x100-mm test tubes
 
Test tube rack
 
Test tube holder
 
Aluminum foil
 
1 push-pin
 
2 400-mL glass beakers
 
Triple-beam balance
 
Water
 
Hot plate
 
Ice
 
2 10-mL glass graduated cylinders
 
Computer with Vernier Logger Pro
 
Vernier LabPro
 
Vernier temperature probe
 
Ring stand with 2 clamps
 
1 plastic pipette
 
1 (size) Erlenmeyer flask
 
About 10 mL of liquid
 
Paper towels
 
Garg 2
Procedure:
1.
 
Collect all materials; obtain and wear goggles.2.
 
Set up the ring stand by attaching the two clamps and spreading them slightly apart.3.
 
Connect the temperature probe to the computer and start Logger Pro. Make sure thatLogger Pro is reading the temperature properly.4.
 
Fill one of the test tubes full with water, and pour all of the water into one of the 10-mLgraduated cylinders. Record the volume of the water. Place the empty test tube awayfrom the rest of the materials.5.
 
Note the barometric pressure.6.
 
Pour the liquid into the dry 10-mL graduated cylinder.a.
 
The type of liquid will remain constant throughout the lab.7.
 
Fill each of the two 400-mL glass beakers full with water.a.
 
The size of the beakers will remain constant throughout the lab.8.
 
Place one of the beakers on the hot plate and turn the setting to “high”.
 9.
 
Place 10 large ice cubes into the other beaker.10.
 
Cut a 20x20mm piece of aluminum foil, and use it to seal the opening of another13x100-mL test tube.a.
 
The size of the test tubes and pieces of foil will remain constant throughout thelab.11.
 
Place the test tube and foil into the E. flask and place all three onto the triple-beambalance. Tare the balance, and record the mass of the three objects. Remove the foilfrom the test tube, being careful not to tear the foil.12.
 
Use the plastic pipette to withdraw 0.3 mL of the liquid from the graduated cylinder,and drop the liquid into the test tube.a.
 
The amount of liquid used for each trial will remain constant throughout the lab.13.
 
Quickly re-seal the opening of the test tube with the piece of foil, and make a small holein the center of the foil with the push-pin. The hole should be as small as possible.14.
 
Attach the temperature probe to the higher clamp on the ring stand, immersing thebottom of the probe into the heated water. Make sure the bottom of the probe doesnot touch the beaker. Start collecting data in Logger Pro.15.
 
Attach the sealed test tube to the lower clamp, immersing the tube into the heatedwater as far as it can go. Make sure all of the foil is above the water level, but try toplace as much of the test tube under the water as possible.16.
 
Start the stopwatch as soon as all of the liquid in the test tube has vaporized. After threeminutes, stop collecting data in Logger Pro.17.
 
Use the test tube holder to quickly transfer the test tube to the ice-water bath. Start thestopwatch as soon as the test tube is submerged into the bath. After one minute,remove the test tube and dry it completely with a paper towel.
 
Garg 318.
 
Place the test tube carefully into the E. flask, and place that onto the triple-beambalance. Record the mass.19.
 
Remove the test tube, and take off the foil seal. Rinse out the test tube and leave it todry in the test tube rack. Pour out the water from the hot-water and ice-water baths.a.
 
After each trial, the test tube used will be left to dry. For the next trial, a dry testtube will be used, which is the test tube that was used and dried earlier.20.
 
Repeat steps 6-19 seven more times.
Equations and Methods for Collecting Relevant Data:
I will be using the Ideal Gas Law to find the number of moles I have in my sample:

=

,where P=pressure, V=volume, n=number of moles, R=universal gas constant, andT=temperature. I will find the pressure by looking up barometric pressure on a weather website.Also, I already know the universal gas constant. Therefore, I need to collect data for volume andtemperature.I will be collecting volume in mL (step 4). I will be collecting temperature in Celsius(steps 14-16). I will be conducting 8 trials total, so I will have 8 values for both volume andtemperature at the end of my data collection. I will find the mean of the values for volume andtemperature separately, and then use those mean values along with the barometric pressureand universal gas constant to solve for the number of moles in the Ideal Gas Law.
Data:Trial Mass of E. flask, testtube, and foil (initial)Mass of E. flask, test tube,foil, and liquid afterprocedure (final)Average Temperature(Kelvin)Constants and Givens:
Volume of test tube (initially measured)
 –
0.022 LBarometric pressure
 –
1.0066616327 atm

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