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Published by Sameer Al-Subh

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05/13/2014

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Sains Malasiana 40(4)(2011): 397–401

On Comparison of Som Variation of Rank St Samplin

(Tntan Prbaninan Bbrapa Variasi Pnsamplan St Trpankat)K

AMARULZAMAN

I

BRAHIM*ABSTRACT

Many sampling methods have been suggested for estimating the population median. In the situation when the sampling

units in a study can be easily ranked than quantied, the ranked set sampling methods are found to be more efcient and cost effective as compared to the simple random sampling. In this paper, the superiority of several ranked set samplingmethods over the simple random sampling are illustrated through some simulation study. In addition, some new research

topics under ranked set sampling are suggested.Keywords: Ranked set sampling; simple random sampling; simulation study

ABSTRAK

Pelbagai kaedah pensampelan dicadangkan untuk menganggar median populasi. Dalam keadaan bila unit pensampelan

senang untuk dipangkatkan berbanding dengan disukat, pensampelan set terpangkat didapati lebih cekap dan kosefektif berbanding dengan pensampelan rawak ringkas. Dalam kertas ini, kelebihan beberapa kaedah pensampelanset terpangkat ditunjukkan menerusi kajian simulasi. Di samping itu, beberapa tajuk baru dalam pensampelan set

terpangkat dicadangkan.Kata kunci: Kajian simulasi; pensampelan rawak ringkas; pensampelan set terpangkat

I

NTROdUCTION

Rank st samplin (

RSS

) is a cost ffctiv samplinprocur whn compar to th commonl ussimpl ranom samplin (

SRS

) in th situations whrvisual orrin of units can b on asil but th actmasurmnt of th units is ifficult an pnsiv.McIntr (1952) propos th sampl man bas on

RSS

as an stimator of th population man. H founthat th stimator bas on

RSS

is more efcient than

SRS

. Many modications on

RSS

hav bn on sincMcIntr (1952). Takahasi an Wakimoto (1968)provi th ncssar mathmatical thor of

RSS

. Th

modications on

RSS

involv mthos of stimation of th population man an mian which inclu mianrank st samplin (Muttlak 1997), trm rank stsamplin (Samawi t al. 1996), two-sta mian rankst samplin (Jmain t al. 2007a) an balanc rouprank st samplin (Jmain t al. 2009). In aition,

various modication of

RSS

hav bn sust for thstimation of population ratio. Samawi an Muttlak (2001),for ampl, us mian rank st samplin (

MRSS

)to stimat th population ratio. Samawi an Tawalbh(2002) introuc oubl mian rank st samplin(

dMRSS

) mtho for stimatin th population man anratio. Muttlak (2003) propos th us of quartil

RSS

forstimatin th population man.In this papr, w iscuss som variation of

RSS

,

particularly regarding the efciency of those methods when

compar to

SRS

for stimatin th population mian.Th prformanc of th stimators is stui throuh asimulation stu. In aition, som nw rsarch topics

are suggested, focusing on the goodness of t tests under

rank st samplin.S

AMPLINg

M

eTHOdSRANKed SeT SAMPLINg

Th

RSS

involvs ranoml slctin

m

2

units from thpopulation. Ths units ar ranoml allocat into

m

sts, ach of siz

m

. Th

m

units of ach sampl ar rankvisuall or b an inpnsiv mtho with rspct to

the variable of interest. From the rst set of

m

units,th smallst unit is masur. From th scon st of

m

units, th scon smallst unit is masur. Th procssis continu until from th

m

th st of

m

units th larstunit is masur. Rpat th procss

n

tims to obtain ast of siz

mn

from initial

m

2

n

units.

MedIAN RANKed SeT SAMPLINg

In mian rank st samplin (

MRSS

) mtho slct

m

ranom sampls ach of siz

m

units from th populationan rank th units within ach sampl with rspct toth variabl of intrst. If th sampl siz

m

is o, thnfrom ach sampl slct for masurmnt th ((

m

+1)/2)th smallst rank (th mian of th sampl). If th samplsiz

m

is vn, thn slct for masurmnt th (

m

/2)th

smallest rank from the rst

m

/ 2 sampls, an th ((

m

+

398

2)/2)th smallst rank from th scon

m

/ 2 sampls. Thccl can b rpat

n

tims if n to obtain a samplof siz

nm

(Muttlak 1997).

exTReMe RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (eRSS)

To slct a sampl of siz m unr

eRSS

, rst

m

2

units arranoml slct from th population. In th usual

RSS

,w intif an masur th

i

th smallst rank unit of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 1, 2, ...,

m

). In th cas whn

m

is o,for

eRSS

, we select the smallest ranked unit from the rst

(

m

−1)/2 sets, the largest ranked unit from the other (

m

−1)/2

sts, an th mian from th rmainin st. In th caswhn

m

is vn, w slct th smallst rank unit from

the rst

m

/2 sts an th larst rank unit from th othr

m

/2 sts. This ccl can b rpat

n

tims to incras thsampl siz to

nm

units.

BALANCed gROUP RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (BgRSS)

Th balanc roups rank st samplin (

BgRSS

) can bscrib as follows: ranoml slct

m

=

3k

(

k

= 1, 2, ...)sts ach of siz

m

from th tart population, an rankth units within ach st with rspct to th variabl of intrst. Thn allocat th 3

k

slct sts ranoml intothr roups, ach of siz

k

sts. For ach roup, slctfor masurmnt th lowst rank unit from ach st in

the rst group, and the median unit from each set in the

scon roup, an th larst rank unit from ach stin th thir roup. On ccl is on aftr compltin allths stps; thus, a sampl of siz

m

= 3

k

units is obtain.If th ccl is rpat

n

tims, th sampl siz obtainb usin

BgRSS

is incras to 3

kn

, bas on 9

k

2

n

unitsfrom a

SRS

.

TWO-STAge RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (TSRSS)

Th

TSRSS

procur can b summariz as th followins.First, ranoml slct

m

3

= 27

k

3

(

k

= 1, 2, ...) units fromth tart population an ivi ths units ranoml into

m

2

= 9

k

2

sts ach of siz

m

. Thn, allocat ths 9

k

2

stsinto thr roups, ach of 3

k

2

sts. From ach st in th

rst group select the smallest rank unit, from each set in

th scon roup slct th mian rank unit, an fromach st in th thir roup slct th larst rank unit. Thisstp ils

k

sts in ach roup. Finall, without oin

any actual quantication, from the

k

sets in the rst group

slct th smallst rank unit, from th

k

sts in th sconroup slct th mian rank unit, an from th

k

sts inth thir roup slct th larst rank unit. This stp ilson st of siz

m

= 3

k

. If th procur is rpat

n

tims,a sampl of siz

nm

is obtain. If mor than two stasar rquir in th samplin procss, th work b Jmaint al. (2007b) on multista mian rank st samplinma b rfrr.

SeLeCTIVe ORdeR RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (SORSS)

Consir a ranom sampl of siz

m

. Rank th units in thsampl. Slct th

i

th rank unit as th unit of intrst.Rpat this

r

tims to obtain a slctiv orr rank stsampl of siz

r

. essntiall, this is a ranom samplfoun bas on th rank st samplin involvin a stsiz

m

via th

i

th orr statistic. Al-Subh t al. (2009) hasshown that th mpirical istribution function bas tstsfor tstin th loistic istribution prform bttr unrslctiv orr rank st samplin (

SORSS

) as comparto th simpl ranom samplin.

eSTIMATION OF THe POPULATION MedIAN

Simple random sampling

Lt

X

1

,

X

2

, …,

X

m

b aranom sampl with probabilit nsit function

f(x)

ancumulativ istribution function

F(x)

, with nite mean

µ

an varianc

σ

1

. Th stimator for th population mianbas on

SRS

, not as

η

RSS

, is dened as:

(1)

Ranked set sampling

Lt

X

1

,

X

2

, …,

X

m

b a ranom samplfrom th istribution with probabilit nsit function

f(x)

an cumulativ istribution function

F(x)

having nite

man

µ

an varianc

σ

1

. Assum that

m

inpnntsimpl ranom sampls ach of siz

m

for th

h

th cclb not b

X

11

h

,

X

12

h

, …,

X

1

mh

,

X

21

h

,

X

22

h

, …,

X

m

1

h

,

X

m

2

h

,…,

X

mmh

(

h

= 1,2,…,

n

). Lt

X

i

(1:

m

)

h

,

X

i

(2:

m

)

h

,…,

X

i

(

m

:

m

)

h

bth orr statistics of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 1,2,…,

m

). Thn

X

1(1:

m

)

h

,

X

2(2:

m

)

h

, …,

X

m

(

m:m

)

h

not th masur

RSS

. Thstimator for th population mian bas on

RSS

, notas

η

RSS

, is dened as:

(2)

Median ranked set sampling

If th sampl siz is o, ltb th mian of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 1, 2,…,

m

) forth

h

th ccl, i.. th ((

m

+1)/2)th orr statistics, notsth

MRSSO

. If th sampl siz is vn, lt b th (

m

/2)th orr statistics of th ith sampl (

i

= 1,2,…,

L

=

m

/2)an b th ((

m

+2)/2)th orr statistics of th

i

thsampl (

i

=

L

,

L

+1,…,

m

) not th

MRSSe

. Th stimatorsfor th population mian ar ivn b: (3)an (4)bas on

MRSSO

an

MRSSe

, rspctivl.

399

Extreme ranked set sampling

Lt

X

i

(1:

m

)

h

an

X

i

(

m:m

)

h

not

the rst and the

m

th orr statistics of th

i

th sampl(

i

=1,2,…,

m

) for th

h

th ccl rspctivl. In th cas of vn sampl, th stimator of th population mian bason

eRSS

can b ivn b:(5) In th cas of o sampl, th stimator for th

population mean can be dened by:

(6)

Balanced group ranked set sampling

If

m

is o, lt

X

i

(1:

m

)

h

be the rst order statistics of the

i

th sampl (

i

=1, 2, ...,

k

)for th

h

th ccl, b th mian of th

i

th sampl(

i

=

k

+ 1,

k

+ 2, ..., 2

k

) for th

h

th ccl, an

X

i

(

m:m

)

h

bth maimum orr statistics of th

i

th sampl (

i

=2

k

+1, 2

k

+ 2, ..., 3

k

) for th

h

th ccl. Corrsponin to ththr roups, w hav th masur units consistinof

X

1(1:

m

)

h

,

X

2(1:

m

)

h

, …,

X

k

(1:

m

)

h

, …,

X

2

k

+1(

m:m

)

h

,

X

2

k

+2(

m:m

)

h

,

X

3

k

(

m:m

)

h

which is th

BgRSS

of siz m=3k for th o sampl of th

h

th ccl, notas

BgRSSO

. Th stimator of th population mian bason

BgRSSO

,

can be dened as:

(7)In th cas of vn sampl siz, lt

X

i

(1:

m

)

h

be the rst

orr statistics of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 1, 2, ...,

k

) for th

h

thccl, b th mian of th

i

th sampl(

i

=

k

+ 1,

k

+2, ..., 2

k

) for th

h

th ccl, an

X

i

(

m:m

)

h

b thmaimum orr statistics of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 2

k

+1, 2

k

+2, ..., 3

k

) for th

h

th ccl. Th stimator of th populationmian, not as

is dened as:

(8)

Two-stage ranked set sampling

Assum that w arintrst in a sampl of siz

m

= 3

k

bas on

TSRSS

. Thissampl can b obtain bas on a simpl ranom samplof siz

m

3

. In the rst stage, the samples found based on

SRS

ar ivi into 3 roups, ach havin 3

k

2

sts of siz m.For th

h

th cycle of the rst stage of the sampling process,

lt b th lowst rank unit of th

i

th sampl (

i

= 1,2,...,

k

), b th mian of th

i

th sampl (

i

=

k

+ 1,

k

+ 2,...,2

k

) an b th larst rank unit of thsampl (

i

= 2

k

+ 1, 2

k

+ 2,...,3

k

). For th scon sta, thunits in ach roup ar rank orr, whr th smallst

rank unit is selected from the rst group, the median rank

unit from th scon roup an th larst rank unit fromth thir roup. This rsults in

TRSS

of siz m, consistinof Th stimator for th populationmian bas on

TRSS

, is ivn b:(9)

Selective order ranked set sampling

Consir a sampl of siz

r

bas on

SORSS

. Lt

X

(

i

:

m

)1

,

X

(

i

:

m

)2

, …,

X

(

i

:

m

)

r

notsthis sampl. Th stimator for th population mian bason

SORSS

, is ivn b: (10)Assum that w ar intrst in

SORSS

via minimum,mian an maimum orr statistics. If

m

= 3, thstimators via minimum, mian an maimum orrstatistics ar(11) (12)an(13)rspctivl.

SIMULATION STUdy

The relative efciency of the proposed estimators of the

population mian bas on

RSS

,

eRSS

,

MRSS

,

BgRSS

,

TSRSS

an

SORSS

ar compar to

SRS

. Svn probabilitistribution functions that ar consir inclu uniform,

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