Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
18 Kamarulzaman

18 Kamarulzaman

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0|Likes:
Published by Sameer Al-Subh

More info:

Published by: Sameer Al-Subh on Mar 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/13/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Sains Malasiana 40(4)(2011): 397–401
On Comparison of Som Variation of Rank St Samplin
(Tntan Prbaninan Bbrapa Variasi Pnsamplan St Trpankat)K
AMARULZAMAN
I
BRAHIM*ABSTRACT
 Many sampling methods have been suggested for estimating the population median. In the situation when the sampling
units in a study can be easily ranked than quantied, the ranked set sampling methods are found to be more efcient and cost effective as compared to the simple random sampling. In this paper, the superiority of several ranked set samplingmethods over the simple random sampling are illustrated through some simulation study. In addition, some new research
topics under ranked set sampling are suggested.Keywords: Ranked set sampling; simple random sampling; simulation study
ABSTRAK
Pelbagai kaedah pensampelan dicadangkan untuk menganggar median populasi. Dalam keadaan bila unit pensampelan
senang untuk dipangkatkan berbanding dengan disukat, pensampelan set terpangkat didapati lebih cekap dan kosefektif berbanding dengan pensampelan rawak ringkas. Dalam kertas ini, kelebihan beberapa kaedah pensampelanset terpangkat ditunjukkan menerusi kajian simulasi. Di samping itu, beberapa tajuk baru dalam pensampelan set 
terpangkat dicadangkan.Kata kunci: Kajian simulasi; pensampelan rawak ringkas; pensampelan set terpangkat 
I
NTROdUCTION
Rank st samplin (
RSS
) is a cost ffctiv samplinprocur whn compar to th commonl ussimpl ranom samplin (
SRS
) in th situations whrvisual orrin of units can b on asil but th actmasurmnt of th units is ifficult an pnsiv.McIntr (1952) propos th sampl man bas on
RSS
as an stimator of th population man. H founthat th stimator bas on
RSS
is more efcient than
SRS
. Many modications on
RSS
hav bn on sincMcIntr (1952). Takahasi an Wakimoto (1968)provi th ncssar mathmatical thor of 
RSS
. Th
modications on
RSS
involv mthos of stimation of th population man an mian which inclu mianrank st samplin (Muttlak 1997), trm rank stsamplin (Samawi t al. 1996), two-sta mian rankst samplin (Jmain t al. 2007a) an balanc rouprank st samplin (Jmain t al. 2009). In aition,
various modication of 
RSS
hav bn sust for thstimation of population ratio. Samawi an Muttlak (2001),for ampl, us mian rank st samplin (
MRSS
)to stimat th population ratio. Samawi an Tawalbh(2002) introuc oubl mian rank st samplin(
dMRSS
) mtho for stimatin th population man anratio. Muttlak (2003) propos th us of quartil
RSS
forstimatin th population man.In this papr, w iscuss som variation of 
RSS
,
particularly regarding the efciency of those methods when
compar to
SRS
for stimatin th population mian.Th prformanc of th stimators is stui throuh asimulation stu. In aition, som nw rsarch topics
are suggested, focusing on the goodness of t tests under
rank st samplin.S
AMPLINg
M
eTHOdSRANKed SeT SAMPLINg
Th
RSS
involvs ranoml slctin
m
2
units from thpopulation. Ths units ar ranoml allocat into
m
 sts, ach of siz
m
. Th
m
units of ach sampl ar rankvisuall or b an inpnsiv mtho with rspct to
the variable of interest. From the rst set of 
m
units,th smallst unit is masur. From th scon st of 
m
 units, th scon smallst unit is masur. Th procssis continu until from th
m
th st of 
m
units th larstunit is masur. Rpat th procss
n
tims to obtain ast of siz
mn
from initial
m
2
n
units.
MedIAN RANKed SeT SAMPLINg
In mian rank st samplin (
MRSS
) mtho slct
m
ranom sampls ach of siz
m
units from th populationan rank th units within ach sampl with rspct toth variabl of intrst. If th sampl siz
m
is o, thnfrom ach sampl slct for masurmnt th ((
m
+1)/2)th smallst rank (th mian of th sampl). If th samplsiz
m
is vn, thn slct for masurmnt th (
m
/2)th
smallest rank from the rst
m
/ 2 sampls, an th ((
m
+
 
398
2)/2)th smallst rank from th scon
m
/ 2 sampls. Thccl can b rpat
n
tims if n to obtain a samplof siz
nm
(Muttlak 1997).
exTReMe RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (eRSS)
To slct a sampl of siz m unr
eRSS
, rst
m
2
units arranoml slct from th population. In th usual
RSS
,w intif an masur th
i
th smallst rank unit of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 1, 2, ...,
m
). In th cas whn
m
is o,for
eRSS
, we select the smallest ranked unit from the rst
(
m
−1)/2 sets, the largest ranked unit from the other (
m
−1)/2
sts, an th mian from th rmainin st. In th caswhn
m
is vn, w slct th smallst rank unit from
the rst
m
/2 sts an th larst rank unit from th othr
m
/2 sts. This ccl can b rpat
n
tims to incras thsampl siz to
nm
units.
BALANCed gROUP RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (BgRSS)
Th balanc roups rank st samplin (
BgRSS
) can bscrib as follows: ranoml slct
m
=
3k 
(
= 1, 2, ...)sts ach of siz
m
from th tart population, an rankth units within ach st with rspct to th variabl of intrst. Thn allocat th 3
slct sts ranoml intothr roups, ach of siz
sts. For ach roup, slctfor masurmnt th lowst rank unit from ach st in
the rst group, and the median unit from each set in the
scon roup, an th larst rank unit from ach stin th thir roup. On ccl is on aftr compltin allths stps; thus, a sampl of siz
m
= 3
units is obtain.If th ccl is rpat
n
tims, th sampl siz obtainb usin
BgRSS
is incras to 3
kn
, bas on 9
2
n
unitsfrom a
SRS
.
TWO-STAge RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (TSRSS)
Th
TSRSS
procur can b summariz as th followins.First, ranoml slct
m
3
= 27
3
(
= 1, 2, ...) units fromth tart population an ivi ths units ranoml into
m
2
= 9
2
sts ach of siz
m
. Thn, allocat ths 9
2
stsinto thr roups, ach of 3
2
sts. From ach st in th
rst group select the smallest rank unit, from each set in
th scon roup slct th mian rank unit, an fromach st in th thir roup slct th larst rank unit. Thisstp ils
sts in ach roup. Finall, without oin
any actual quantication, from the
sets in the rst group
slct th smallst rank unit, from th
sts in th sconroup slct th mian rank unit, an from th
sts inth thir roup slct th larst rank unit. This stp ilson st of siz
m
= 3
. If th procur is rpat
n
tims,a sampl of siz
nm
is obtain. If mor than two stasar rquir in th samplin procss, th work b Jmaint al. (2007b) on multista mian rank st samplinma b rfrr.
SeLeCTIVe ORdeR RANKed SeT SAMPLINg (SORSS)
Consir a ranom sampl of siz
m
. Rank th units in thsampl. Slct th
i
th rank unit as th unit of intrst.Rpat this
r
tims to obtain a slctiv orr rank stsampl of siz
r
. essntiall, this is a ranom samplfoun bas on th rank st samplin involvin a stsiz
m
via th
i
th orr statistic. Al-Subh t al. (2009) hasshown that th mpirical istribution function bas tstsfor tstin th loistic istribution prform bttr unrslctiv orr rank st samplin (
SORSS
) as comparto th simpl ranom samplin.
eSTIMATION OF THe POPULATION MedIAN
Simple random sampling
Lt
 X 
1
,
 X 
2
, …,
 X 
m
b aranom sampl with probabilit nsit function
 f(x)
ancumulativ istribution function
F(x)
, with nite mean
 µ
an varianc
σ
1
. Th stimator for th population mianbas on
SRS
, not as
η
 RSS 
, is dened as:
 
(1)
 Ranked set sampling
Lt
 X 
1
,
 X 
2
, …,
 X 
m
b a ranom samplfrom th istribution with probabilit nsit function
 f(x)
 an cumulativ istribution function
F(x)
having nite
man
 µ
an varianc
σ
1
. Assum that
m
inpnntsimpl ranom sampls ach of siz
m
for th
h
th cclb not b
 X 
11
h
,
 X 
12
h
, …,
 X 
1
mh
,
 X 
21
h
,
 X 
22
h
, …,
 X 
m
1
h
,
 X 
m
2
h
,…,
 X 
mmh
(
h
= 1,2,…,
n
). Lt
 X 
i
(1:
m
)
h
,
 X 
i
(2:
m
)
h
,…,
 X 
i
(
m
:
m
)
h
bth orr statistics of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 1,2,…,
m
). Thn
 X 
1(1:
m
)
h
,
 X 
2(2:
m
)
h
, …,
 X 
m
(
m:m
)
h
not th masur
RSS
. Thstimator for th population mian bas on
RSS
, notas
η
 RSS 
, is dened as:
(2)
 Median ranked set sampling
If th sampl siz is o, ltb th mian of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 1, 2,…,
m
) forth
h
th ccl, i.. th ((
m
+1)/2)th orr statistics, notsth
MRSSO
. If th sampl siz is vn, lt b th (
m
/2)th orr statistics of th ith sampl (
i
= 1,2,…,
 L
=
m
/2)an b th ((
m
+2)/2)th orr statistics of th
i
thsampl (
i
=
 L
,
 L
+1,…,
m
) not th
MRSSe
. Th stimatorsfor th population mian ar ivn b: (3)an (4)bas on
MRSSO
an
MRSSe
, rspctivl.
 
399
 Extreme ranked set sampling
Lt
 X 
i
(1:
m
)
h
an
 X 
i
(
m:m
)
h
not
the rst and the
m
th orr statistics of th
i
th sampl(
i
=1,2,…,
m
) for th
h
th ccl rspctivl. In th cas of vn sampl, th stimator of th population mian bason
eRSS
can b ivn b:(5) In th cas of o sampl, th stimator for th
population mean can be dened by:
(6)
 Balanced group ranked set sampling
If 
m
is o, lt
 X 
i
(1:
m
)
h
 
be the rst order statistics of the
i
th sampl (
i
=1, 2, ...,
)for th
h
th ccl, b th mian of th
i
th sampl(
i
=
+ 1,
+ 2, ..., 2
) for th
h
th ccl, an
 X 
i
(
m:m
)
h
bth maimum orr statistics of th
i
th sampl (
i
=2
+1, 2
+ 2, ..., 3
) for th
h
th ccl. Corrsponin to ththr roups, w hav th masur units consistinof 
 X 
1(1:
m
)
h
,
 X 
2(1:
m
)
h
, …,
 X 
(1:
m
)
h
, …,
 X 
2
+1(
m:m
)
h
,
 X 
2
+2(
m:m
)
h
,
 X 
3
(
m:m
)
h
which is th
BgRSS
 of siz m=3k for th o sampl of th
h
th ccl, notas
BgRSSO
. Th stimator of th population mian bason
BgRSSO
,
can be dened as:
 (7)In th cas of vn sampl siz, lt
 X 
i
(1:
m
)
h
be the rst
orr statistics of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 1, 2, ...,
) for th
h
thccl, b th mian of th
i
th sampl(
i
=
+ 1,
+2, ..., 2
) for th
h
th ccl, an
 X 
i
(
m:m
)
h
b thmaimum orr statistics of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 2
+1, 2
+2, ..., 3
) for th
h
th ccl. Th stimator of th populationmian, not as
is dened as:
 (8)
Two-stage ranked set sampling
Assum that w arintrst in a sampl of siz
m
= 3
bas on
TSRSS
. Thissampl can b obtain bas on a simpl ranom samplof siz
m
3
. In the rst stage, the samples found based on
SRS
 ar ivi into 3 roups, ach havin 3
2
sts of siz m.For th
h
th cycle of the rst stage of the sampling process,
 lt b th lowst rank unit of th
i
th sampl (
i
= 1,2,...,
), b th mian of th
i
th sampl (
i
=
+ 1,
+ 2,...,2
) an b th larst rank unit of thsampl (
i
= 2
+ 1, 2
+ 2,...,3
). For th scon sta, thunits in ach roup ar rank orr, whr th smallst
rank unit is selected from the rst group, the median rank
unit from th scon roup an th larst rank unit fromth thir roup. This rsults in
TRSS
of siz m, consistinof Th stimator for th populationmian bas on
TRSS
, is ivn b:(9)
Selective order ranked set sampling
Consir a sampl of siz
r
bas on
SORSS
. Lt
 X 
(
i
:
m
)1
,
 X 
(
i
:
m
)2
, …,
 X 
(
i
:
m
)
r
notsthis sampl. Th stimator for th population mian bason
SORSS
, is ivn b: (10)Assum that w ar intrst in
SORSS
via minimum,mian an maimum orr statistics. If 
m
= 3, thstimators via minimum, mian an maimum orrstatistics ar(11) (12)an(13)rspctivl.
SIMULATION STUdy
The relative efciency of the proposed estimators of the
population mian bas on
RSS
,
eRSS
,
MRSS
,
BgRSS
,
TSRSS
an
SORSS
ar compar to
SRS
. Svn probabilitistribution functions that ar consir inclu uniform,

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->