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Electrogas Welding

Electrogas Welding

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Published by: hdyoon3379891 on Mar 17, 2012
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Electrogas welding
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Electrogas welding (EGW)
is a continuous vertical positionarc weldingprocess developed in 1961, in which
 
an arc is struck between a consumableelectrodeand the workpiece. Ashielding gasis sometimes used, but
 
pressure is not applied. A major difference between EGW and its cousinelectroslag weldingis that the arc in
 
EGW is not extinguished, instead remains struck throughout the welding process. It is used to make square-
 
groove welds for buttandt-joints, especially in theshipbuildingindustry and in the construction of storage
 
tanks.
[edit]
Operation
In EGW, the heat of the welding arc causes the electrode and workpieces to melt and flow into the cavitybetween the parts being welded. This molten metal solidifies from the bottom up, joining the parts being weldedtogether. The weld area is protected from atmospheric contamination by a separateshielding gas, or by the
 
gas produced by the disintegration of a flux-cored electrode wire. The electrode is guided into the weld area byeither a consumable electrode guide tube, like the one used in electroslag welding, or a moving head. Whenthe consumable guide tube is used, the weld pool is composed of molten metal coming from the parts beingwelded, the electrode, and the guide tube. The moving head variation uses an assembly of an electrode guide
 
tube which travels upwards as the weld is laid, keeping it from melting.Electrogas welding can be applied to moststeels, including low and mediumcarbon steels, low alloy high strength steels, and somestainless steels. Quenched and tempered steels may also be welded by the process,provided that the proper amount of heat is applied. Welds must be vertical, varying to either side by a maximumof 15 degrees. In general, the workpiece must be at least 10 mm (0.4 in) thick, while the maximum thickness for one electrode is approximately 20 mm (0.8 in). Additional electrodes make it possible to weld thicker 
 
workpieces. The height of the weld is limited only by the mechanism used to lift the welding head²in general, itranges from 100 mm (4 in) to 20 m (50 ft).Like other arc welding processes, EGW requires that the operator wear a welding helmet and proper attire toprevent exposure to molten metal and the bright welding arc. Compared to other processes, a large amount of 
 
molten metal is present during welding, and this poses an additional safety and fire hazard. Since the processis often performed at great heights, the work and equipment must be properly secured, and the operator should
 
wear a safety harness to prevent injury in the event of a fall.
[edit]
Equipment
EGW
uses a constantvoltage, directcurrent welding power supply, and the electrode has positive polarity. The
 
welding current can range from 100 Ato 800 A, and the voltage can range between 30 and 50V. A wire feeder 

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