2As early as 1849, African Americans began waging a legal battle for thedesegregation of schools and educational equality.
It wasn’t until May 17, 1954,however, when the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous judgment in favorof the Plaintiffs in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case
that educationalequality became a legal right for African Americans across the United States. The Brownv. Board case reversed the historical 1896 Plessey v. Ferguson Supreme Court case whichallowed for public segregation under the ‘separate but equal’ doctrine.
In the court’sruling on Brown v. Board, Supreme Chief Justice Earl Warren issued the opinion of thecourt and stated:We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities areinherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and otherssimilarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reasonof the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of thelaws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
The Brown v. Board decision marked an important milestone in the rights of AfricanAmericans being recognized in the United States. The decision, however, did not put anend to the struggles that African Americans have endured for so many years. The fightfor civil rights and the actual desegregation of schools across the United States proved to
On December 4, 1849 the Roberts v. The City of Boston case was heard by the Massachusetts SupremeCourt. Benjamin Roberts sued the city of Boston because his five-year old daughter Sarah was bannedfrom the local primary school because she was Black. The court ruled in April of 1850 in favor of theschool committee and Boston’s schools remained segregated. Cited from The African American Registry.2005.
Roberts vs. City of Boston begins
; Ladson-Billings, G. “Landing on the Wrong Note: The Price wePaid for Brown.”
33, no. 7 (2004): 4.http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/1462/Roberts_vs_City_of_Boston_begins.
Full name of case and citation: Oliver Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al., 347 U.S. 483.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896).
Chief Justice Brown Opinion of the Court, Supreme Court of the United States
. Supreme Court Collection, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School.http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0163_0537_ZS.html.
Oliver Brown et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka et al., 347 U.S. 483 (1954).