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Index From the Economies of Latin America

Index From the Economies of Latin America

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Published by: Pickering and Chatto on Mar 19, 2012
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– 233 –
INDEX
account statistics, national, 22, 84Arican slaves in the Indies, 132agricultural activities, no machinery, 11agricultural goods, protection or armers,Europe, 30agricultural machinery export and import,69, 71agricultural machinery industry, Argentinamain market or US, 202n14agricultural specialization in Argentina, 79agricultural trade liberalization, 38agro-exportation, 98–9AMECO database, 91Anglo-Saxon system, reporting o imports,‘general trade’, 46Argentina, Brazil, Mexicodurable goods, 179–90economy today, 8, 14–15main market or US, 202nineteenth-century (1850–1913) eco-nomic perormance, 24Argentina and Chile, most advanced inelectrifcation, 82automobiles, 188domestic goods, 183–4bagasse, as uel, 135, 142, 144banana exports, 93, 98Baring crisis, investment collapse, 1890, 77bilateral trade data, Colombia and UnitedStates, 159biouel crisis, Cuba, 1840–60, 137biomass energies, dependence on, 9, 137,139Boliviacentral government, fscal revenues,sources, 169, 175–7imports rom US, 61 public revenues, 167Brazil, durable goods, 179–90Bretton Woods agreement, 19–40national accounts or world, 22British coal supply to Latin America and theCaribbean, 63British colonial past o USA, 13British tradedependence on, Argentina, Brazil,Uruguay, 64importation dependence beore First World War, 59–60Bryan-Chamarro reaty, 1916canal building, Nicaragua, 103bunkering, records o imports and exports,45capital ormation, 69capital goods imports, 122–7Chile, 119–30Caribbean backwardness, origins, 2, 20–2causality test results, 127–8cement consumption, 59impact o First World War, 97–8cereal cultivation in Argentina, 75cereal exports o Chile, 110charcoal in economic activities, 11Chile, 105–17colonial elite, 107, 109–11durable goods, 179–90economy today, 8, 14–15emancipation, 117export o coal to Bolivia, 63growth rom 1750 to 1846, 112–13 political stability, 111‘Portaliano state’, 212n29
 
234
Te Economies of Latin America
coal and steam engine, Cuba and Chile, 113coal consumption fgures, low, 9coal exportation, dependency on, 63coal producers, Mexico, Peru, Chiletrade with Britain and US, 64coal to Latin-American countries, 1925, 46,60, 95–7inaccurate reporting o imports, 47–52coal to oil transition in Cuba, 143–4coal tradeLatin American, 55–6, 62–3market shares, cluster analysis, 63–6Cobb Douglas production unction, 121coee exporting, Costa Rica, 93Cold War context, 16, 29Colombiaterms o trade, 1975–2006, 147–65trade with US, 163colonial origins o Latin American andCaribbean underdevelopment, 20‘colonial pact’ with Spain, 117, 108colonialismAsia and Arica, 13Iberian, Latin American backwardness,107commodities versus manuactures, income-elasticity o demand, 149communist expansion ear o WesternEurope, 28–9competition in world manuacturing mar-kets, 31compound annual growth rate, dierentinvestments, 77consumer price index, increase, 15–16consumption demand analysis, 185–6consumption o durable goods 1890–1913,Latin America, 179–90convergence criterion, 7cooperationinternational and domestic, post-war western Europe, 40incentives, 38lack o, 40opportunism and, 38corruption, 12, 14, 38Costa Ricaexports o bananas and coee, 99high taxes on ood imports, 99main cement consumer, 97–8most suering during war, 103oil consumption, 96–7trade statistics, 1927, 96countries with high dependence on US, 64Creole society in sugar business, 134Cuba, 105–17advanced in electrifcation, 82cheap energy rom orests, 131durable goods, 179–90economic policy, 108growth rom 1750 to 1846, 112–13imports rom US, 61 War o Independence with Spain, 32Cuban eliteaversion to power sharing, 111Spanish colonialism till 1898, 107Cuban energy transition, 142–4sugar industry, destruction o orests, 142Cuban War o Independence, romSpain, 139, 140currencies, varied, 21currency convertibility, 29data sources, unreliability, 87debt crisis in Latin America, 1980s, 153deorestation, Cuba, 1878–1913, 133–4,137–40demand eects or durable goods, 180–1demographic explosion, 16desertifcation and drought, modern, 144desertifcation in Cuba, 218n13developed countries and Tird World, 163domestic consumption o durable goods,181–4double actorial terms o trade (DF),148–51, 156–8, 162–4draught animal use, 11durable goods consumptionmotor cars, sewing machines, ountain pens, 181–6types chosen or statistics, 179–80,183–4
 
 
 Index 
235economic backwardness o Latin America,1, 7–18Economic Commission or Latin Americaand the Caribbean (ECLAC) per capita growth assessment, 1925–56,23, 86economic development, Chile, 119–30economic history o Latin America, inter- pretations, 2economic inequality tradition, Spanishcolonial past, 13economic modernization, 9–17, 105–6consumption o modern energies, 115Cuba and Chile, 116, 117economic openness o Spain, 1959 on, 32economic success o post-war WesternEurope, 40economics and economic history, 147El Salvadorcoee exports, 101increased commerce with US, 103indigo exports, 101electrical equipment, 81Cuba, Chile and Argentina, 80–1electrical goods, 71economic modernization, 77electricity, homes without, 11employees, 89energy consumption, 10, 59, 95–7comparison with Europe, 1850–1913,116Cuba and Chile, 114energy, imports o, coal, petroleum, hydro-electricity, 95Engel’s law on income increase, 180England, war with Spain, 1796–1801,1804–8, 211n18equipment goods, Latin American and Car-ibbean investment in, 69–82, 120, 123ERP (Marshall Plan) countries, trade devel-opment, 30error measurement, 48ethnic exclusions, 20European integration, bad or overseascountries, 31European Payments Union (EPU), 30European Recovery Program (ERP), 29–30evolution o GDP per capita, Brazil, Colom-bia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama, 17expectations, diminished, 39export taxes, 172–4armers’ political weight in Europe, 30fnancial crises, 171frewoodin economic activities, 11in sugar production, 135First World War eect, 40on economies o Central America,1900–29, 93–104geographical patterns, 59–67impact on coal imports, 63fscal dependence, Bolivia, 170–2fscal systems, varied, 21fxed capital, 70–1, 120ood industry, 81importation, 98–9ood processing equipment, 71ood scarcities, 1946–7, Europe, 30oreign debt crisis, 1980s, 16oreign tradeBolivia, dependence on, 170Cuba and Chile, 115 perspective, 93–104statistics, 1925, 41–57orest loss in Cuba, 131–4550 per cent since 1492, 139near-disappearance in Cuba, 131, 136,140orest use or sugar industry, 132orestsamounts, loss o, 218n20clearing o, or cane planting, 140, 144exploitation rom 1815, 133–6ossil energies, 9, 95–7ossil uel consumptionCuba, Chile and Argentina, 105, 136,142imports, duties, 44Latin American, 54, 115sugar industry, 220n53ree trade justifcation, 163ree trade order, 19, 27, 28‘reight actor’, magnitude o, 45uel crisis in sugar industry, 1840–60, 137–8

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