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European Movement for European Constitution

European Movement for European Constitution

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Published by Sead S. Fetahagić

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: Sead S. Fetahagić on Mar 19, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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01/23/2014

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European Movement for European Constitution
Authors:
Sead S. Fetahagi
ć
and Saida Mustajbegovi
ć
Publisher:
Association Alumni of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Studies (ACIPS)
For publisher:
Ivan Barbali
ć
Project Coordinator:
Vanja Ibrahimbegovi
ć
Proof-reader:
Mediha Mulahasanovi
ć
Design and layout:
Vedran Mujagi
ć
Printing company:
Amos graf 
Number of copies:
1300
Sead S. Fetahagi
ć
andSaida Mustajbegovi
ć
EUROPEAN MOVEMENT FOREUROPEAN CONSTITUTION
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction.........................................................................................................................................
2
2. Presentation of current constitutional arrangements
………………………………………………...........22.1. Constitution of BiH – political
.............................................................................................................3
2.2. Human rights…
...............................................................................................................................
...42.3. Constitution of BiH and citizens......................................................................................................................62.4. Economic development………………………………………………………………………………………72.5. Positive example: Br
č
ko District of BiH.........................................................................................................8
3. Analyses of the domestic proposals for the constitutional reform....................................................
.8
4. Analyses of the foreign proposals for the constitutional reform......................................................
.104.1. Council of Europe ..........................................................................................................................................104.2. European Union..............................................................................................................................................134.3. European Stability Initiative (ESI).................................................................................................................194.4. International Commission on the Balkans (ICB)...........................................................................................204.5. International Crisis Group (ICG)…................................................................................................................214.6. Recommendations by Swiss Experts..............................................................................................................22
5. Overview of the concrete recommendations by foreign organizations and experts..........................
245.1. Basic constitutional principle – the subject of sovereignty.............................................................................245.2. Vertical structure – the principle of federalism ..............................................................................................255.3. Horizontal structure – the division of responsibilities among different holders of state authorities...............255.4. Mechanisms for the protection of collective interests - the right of veto……………....................................265.5. “Nation-state” building……............................................................................................................................265.6. Participants in the constitutional reform process…….....................................................................................27
6. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………..
27
7. List of sources...................................................................................................................................
..29
2
 
1. INTRODUCTION
The constitutional system in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was created by theDayton Peace Agreement, is extremely complicated and contradictory. As a foundation onwhich the functioning of the state-level institutions lies, this constitutional system is incapableof ensuring an efficient and cost-effective state structure and, therefore, its reform is required.Among the many problematic constitutional arrangements there is one, as an example, whichis ahead of all others: the inconsistency of the mechanisms for the protection of human rightsunder the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and FundamentalFreedoms with the principle of exclusive recognition of the so-called “constitutional peoples”,which frequently amounts to discrimination and violation of individual rights in practice.Even though there has been a long-term awareness of the necessity to change theConstitution in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the last attempt of enacting the constitutionalamendments (the so-called “2006 April package”) failed to pass through the parliamentaryprocedure although the political negotiations on its content were coordinated by the USAEmbassy in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Moreover, the whole process of negotiations wasconducted “behind the closed door” and the public at large was neither regularly northoroughly informed about what the constitutional amendments would, indeed, mean when itcomes to concrete effects on a daily life of citizens. Therefore, a need arises for the public atlarge to be included in all future processes and procedures of constitutional reform eitherthrough the organizations of civil society or in some other ways, in order for the result, whichwill be eventually achieved, to be granted additional democratic legitimacy.The objective of this study was to collect as many relevant pieces of information aspossible regarding a model of the constitution which would, indeed, make it possible forBosnia and Herzegovina to function as a democratic and European society. By conducting theanalysis of both domestic and international recommendations and proposals for theconstitutional reform, as well as by reviewing practical problems arising from the currentlyapplicable constitutional provisions several essential conclusions were drawn which will bepresented in public. Given that the basic goal of the coalition called the European Movementis the promotion of European standards and European values, the objective of this study’spublic promotion is to inform the citizens of BiH that for the European future of this countryit is necessary to adopt a constitutional structure which will be brought in line with suchstandards and values.
2. PRESENTATION OF CURRENT CONSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
A middle-aged person in BiH has lived to see several constitutions, more precisely -several constitutional-legal arrangements. It is indisputable that the Dayton Peace Agreement,whose integral part Annex IV is actually the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is themost frequently mentioned constitution in everyday life and the subject-matter the BiHpoliticians are frequently criticized for in the public, but it is also a document which they referto - wherever it suits them. In essence, this agreement is the only solution that was made upby the international community in its effort to solve the BiH political crisis in which manyfactors were involved. The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and3

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