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TICOM I-113

TICOM I-113

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Interrogation of Hentze, head of the German army’s signal intelligence agency OKH/GdNA Group IV. 1945
Interrogation of Hentze, head of the German army’s signal intelligence agency OKH/GdNA Group IV. 1945

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TOPSECRET
TICOM/I-11
3
INTERROGATIONOFMAJORDR.RUDOLFHENTZEHEADOFGRUPPEIV(ORYFrANALYSS).
GENERALDER
NACHRICHT~AUF-
KLAERUNG
TheattaohedisacompositereportbasedonthepreliminaryinterrogationbyMajorFLINT.
AUS,
at
lOKING
on14thJune1945andsubsequentinterrogat.ionsat.
REV!N
byMajorBUlIDY,
AUS,
andC.,pts.
L.!!.WR\NCEAND
CAMPBELLI.C.between11thand15thJ~ly,1945.Attached
as
appendices
are:-
(a)achartoftheorganisationof
GendNA
ingeneral
and
of
Grup'~e
'Dr
in
particular,and
(b)
ashortreportonthesolution
of
M
209,bothpreparedby
HEl'iTZE.P/IV
hassincebeenreleased.
TICOM
18thSeptember,1945DISTRIBUTION
No.of
pages:
12
British
U.S.
Op-20-G(2)
(viaLt.Cdr.Manson)
G-2
(viaLt.col.
Hi11
eli)
A.S.A.
(3)
(viaMajor
Seaman)
Director,
S.l.D.
USFET.(viaLt.coi.Johnson)Col.Lewispo:,{ell,
USSq'AF
D.D.3
H.C.G.
D.D.(N.S.)
D.D.(M.W.)
D.D,
(A.S.)
C.C.R.(2)
Lt.col.Leathem
Cdr.Tandy
MajorMorgan
ADDITIONAL
S.A.C.
for
Signals
6,
W.O.S.A.C.
for
.D.D.Y.,W.O.
~
r
Chairman
8.A.0.(~
car.
BaCon
L1;.OO1.
J
ahIlsonMajorSeamanLt.
Cdr.
Manson
capt.
CowanLt.FehlTicomFiles
(4)
 
-2-
TICOMjI-
11
3
I.peraonalHistoryMajor
HENTZE:
wasbornandhaslived
.oat
ofhislife
in
the
KASSEL
areaofGermanyIn
1933
hereceivedhis.Do~t~rof.'..tHis
ap
"c~al~
tJ.8S
Ph'J.losophys!degreefromlIIARBURG
nl
ver3~y."".
ht
havebeen
mabhema't
f.csstatisticsandphl.losophy.Hetaug
,.'tl
TrA'S"EL
areaand
was
studentadviserinvariousschools:tn
18.tViJ
u'.
Hewas
a
lieutenantintheEngineerCorps
of
theGe~'manArmy
dur
mgthefirstWorldWar.Betweenthetwowars
P/W
r
erra
i
nedamemberoftheReserveOfficers'corps.In
1935
whilewritingabookonMathematicsandstatistics
p/w
develc.ped'
a
keeninterestincryptanalysia.Duringtheperiodfrom
1935
untiltheoutbreakofhostilitieshewaskeenly.interestedinthematheraatioalrelationshipoftheletterfrequencJ,esinvariousencipherm.ent1l1ethoCis.Attheoutbreakofthewarin
.1939
p/w
cametoactivedutyasacaptaininchargeofanengineersupplydepotinthe
BAD
KREUZNACHrea.In
1940
hiswifediedandhereceivedatransfertohishomeareasothathecouldtakecareofhis'two
ch.i.Ldnen,
Hewastransferred
to
KASSEL
andworkedaspersonnelAdjutantin
a
replacementheadquartersinthe
KASSEL
area.In
1942
theGennan
High
COlTh1lal'ld.alled
for
met.herra
tioalexpertstobeusedincryptanalysis.
P/W
wascalleduponandsentfortrainingtoBERLIN.After
a
seve~almonthcourse,hewastransferredtoKOlUlmndeur
5
atSTGERMAIN,near
PARIS,
in
June,
1942.
Heremainedthereincharge
of'
thec~cyp'"tanalytioalSectionuntiltheGermanswereforcedto'ivithdrawfromthatarea.Il'lNovember
1944
p/W
wastransferredto
a
positioninchargeofthecryptanalyticalsectionofGeneraldell'NachrichtenAufklaerung.Hererrainedinthispositionuntiltheend
of
hostilities.
p/w
is
a
benevolent-looking
manof
atleast
55.
Hisattitudeunderinterrogation
was
completelyeo-operative,andhedidnotseemtobeholdingbackanything.Theimpression
of
interrogatorsisthathismindisfarfrombrilliantanddefinitelyslow-'::'1oving.Heaouldnotanswerna.nyquestionsatonce,but
if
given
aday
tothinkitoverwould
come
upwithsomething.Hismembryfornamesisparticularlyfaulty.Heseemedchildishlyproudofthesuccessachievedinhisworkinthewest,andhisinabilitytodescribethework
of
sectionsunderhiminGander
Wi
seemed
to
bearoutthemediocreopinionofhisabilitiesprevioualyexpreaaedbyKARRENBERGand
o
thers,
II
Movements
of
KDR.
5
On
leavingLOUVECIENNESboutmid-August
1944
theywentfirstto
VIGGING:BN
(?)
near
l'.rET2.,
andmovedagainatthebeginningofSeJ?temberto
KROPDORF
near
GIESSEN.FormthereinMarchtheywenttothe
BROEN
andfinallytoDISCHJNGENnthe
OONAUWOERTH
area.
III
cipera
(a)
M.20
9:
This
was
brokenonlyOndepths.Hieestimate
of
thetraffic
~~r
monthintercepted
was
1,000
messages;inthistheywould~ndabout
50
cases
of
depthandbreak
a
totalofabout
30Jb
ofthe'
lint
ercepta
 
TOPSECRET
-3-
TIC0M/I-113trememberspecificunitsintercepts.
P~N
doesnohOeed(Atalaterwhichspeoialsuccesswasacl.vkn~wtheM.209interrogationheshowedthathewith(SeealsoAppendix
B).
(b)Strip:Thiswasasystemusing25strips,withindicators
l.lJlR~
1,JSABU.Thecontentsweremixedmi.Lltaryanddiplomatic.Itwassolvedin1942and
194?
untilsuceededbyM.209.Thestripsforaperd.odwouldberecovered
by
In7/VI;and
Ker.
5woul.d
workonlywithknownstrips.P/Wremembersbrokentrafficfl'omUSAtoEnglandandNorthAfricaboth.
7010-
80%
ofthetrafficcouldberead,andabout
50
groupswererequiredfprabre
ak-d.n,
In
1944
anewsystemappearedusing30strips,.whichcouldnotbebroken.
.
..
'-,
)
(c)Slidex:Thiswasextensivelyread,MPnetsinparticularbeingafertileSOUTceofintelligence.Bri.tishandAmericanswereequallybadintheir
·use-
ofTt,particularlyiri-emplojingBlidex.
for"
measageswhichshouldhavegoneinamoresecuresystem.Theywereabletobreakcurrentlyandinmanycasesfiveorsixhoursafterthest·artofthe
dBy.'
Oneofthemainaidstoentrywasthefactthatoperatorsusedtheleft-handm.lphabetalmostexclusively.Theywereabletobreakinbeforetheinvasionand
Tl
~i~"\
is
a.
copy
ccu.Ldhold
o
on~~ththehelpofcribsandstereotype~
1'.',.(_~
)1':.,,-dnaJ
has
lan?uage,znspdreoftheimprovement
i~
operators'
.~"0~~
~-~abl.tsafterSeptember.Askedforspec.i.fdccasesof
..::--;~~'~etained
~insecureunits,p/Wquotedthe112ndAirborneD'ivdsLon'",
"-;~"'''~'i()n
3(4)~
~CCA'and'OCB'(Note:this
~OOkS
likeaco?f~sion
.....';.'..4a
At:t-hesearetermsusedrnAmerl.oenArmoureddi.vLsLona
e
i'
;·;JtUc
Re<Xlf'UiiI
the2ndwasintheNorthernsectoroftheAmerican
<'_.j,.i;,_g
frontduringthecampaign).p/Wcommentedthat
I""",'
th:yweremuchhappierwithamessagewhollyinsl~dex~hanwithamixedclearandciphermessage,wru.chdidnatgivesomanyfrequencies.
/(d)

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