A coalition led by Ethiopia is challenging old agreements that allow Egypt to usemore than 50 percent of the Nile’s flow. Without the river, all of Egypt would be desert.
: Decades of pollution have fouled the Danube, leaving down-streamcountries, such as Hungary and the Republic of Moldova, scrambling to find new sourcesof water.
: The Jordan River, racked by drought and diverted by Israeli, Syrian and theJordanian dams, has lost 95 percent of its former flow.
Former Soviet Union:
The Aral sea, at one time the world’s fourth largest inland sea, haslost 75 percent of its water because of diversion programs begun in the 1960s.There are many other countries of the world that are severely impacted with regardto human health and inadequate drinking water. The following is a partial list of some of the countries with significant populations (numerical population of affected populationlisted) whose only consumption is of contaminated water:
Sudan: 12.3 million
Venezuela: 5.0 million
Ethiopia: 2.7 million
Tunisia: 2.1 million
Cuba :1.3 millionWater stress is set to become Asia’s defining crisis of the twenty-first century, creatingobstacles to continued rapid economic growth, stoking interstate tensions over sharedresources, exacerbating long time territorial disputes, and imposing further hardships on the poor. Asia is home to many of the world’s great rivers and lakes, but its huge population , pollution and exploding economic and agricultural demand for water make it the mostwater-scare continent on a per capita basis. Many of Asia’s water sources cross national boundaries, and as less and less water is available, international tensions will rise.The poor management of river basins, environmentally unsustainable irrigation practices,an overuse of groundwater, and the contamination of water sources have all helpedaggravate Asian water woes. The over exploitation of subterranean water in the large partsof the Asia has resulted in a rapidly falling groundwater saturation level- known as thewater table. In the Gangetic delta, wells have tapped into naturally occurring arsenicdeposits, causing millions of people in Bangladesh, and Eastern India including Jharkhandand Bihar to be exposed to high levels of poisonous arsenic in drinking water and stapleagricultural products like rice. In some Asian coastal areas, the depletion of groundwater has permitted saline seawater to flow in to replace the freshwater that has been extracted.