Anti-terrorist operations (ATOPS) are fought on a wide front: the army forces, variousgovernment departments and the civilian population all have a role to play. Inimplementing the anti-terrorist action contained herein, members of the army forces mustappreciate the vital need for cooperation and the under-standing of each other'scharacteristics and capabilities.ATOPS warfare probably places a greater burden of responsibility on the individual thandoes any other form of conflict. It connotes small groups and light scales. Catch-wordsare: thorough training, self-discipline, skill at arms, initiative, guile, endurance and aboveall, the will to win.
An indigenous or foreign national not recognized as a belligerent byinternational law, aiming to overthrow a government by force. In revolutionarywar the terms "guerrilla, 'I "revolutionary," "terrorist" or "insurgent" are used onoccasion to indicate differences in the opposition. When it is not necessary toindicate specific differences, however, "insurgent" is used to cover all the rolesimplied by the foregoing terms. It is also taken to include such additional terms as"saboteur," "enemy" "insurrectionist" or "rebel," where applicable.2.
A supporter of a dissident faction (in fact, an insurgent), who is trainedfor or resorts to organized violence for political ends.3.
A form of rebellion in which a dissident faction instigates thecommission of acts of civil disobedience, sabotage and terrorism, and wagesirregular warfare in order to overthrow a government. In its ultimate stages itcould escalate to a conflict on conventional lines. Although insurgency often startsinternally, it has seldom been known to succeed without outside assistance,support and encouragement.4.
All measures, both civil and military, undertaken by a government, independently or with the assistance of friendly nations, to prevent or defeat insurgency. (
Refers to the Rhodesian Security Forces
Counter-insurgency operations (COINOps)
. Counter-insurgency operationsare the military aspects of counter-insurgency. These consist of: Anti-terroristoperations (ATOPS), Psychological operations (PSYOPS), operations in supportof civil authorities (OSCA).6.
Anti-terrorist operations (ATOPS):
Any military operation against terrorists.7.
Psychological operations (PSYOPS):
An action conducted over a predetermined period of time and consisting of the application of various coordinated measures,directed at the population in general or the inhabitants of a specific area or socialgroup, own armed forces, or at the enemy in accordance with determineddoctrines and techniques. They are conducted by military forces, civil authoritiesor by both in conjunction with each other, to achieve an objective of psychological action.8.
operations in support of civil authorities (OSCA)
: Any military operation insupport of civil authorities, which involves primarily the maintenance of law and