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ProblemDescriptionBook3_NRatings: (0)|Views: 927|Likes: 9

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08/02/2013

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Narrative approaches to the international mathematical problems

The following math problems have solutions in the math bookwith title

Narrative Approaches to the International Mathematical Problems.

The book is available for purchase atAmazon.com and other online outlets.

Problem 1 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 1973

Two points, P and Q, lie in the interior of a regular tetrahedronABCD. Prove that angle PAQ < 60°.

Problem 1 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 2010

Let AXYZB be a convex pentagon inscribed in a semicircle of diameter AB. Denote by P, Q, R, S the feet of the perpendicularsfrom Y onto lines AX, BX, AZ, BZ, respectively. Prove that theacute angle formed by lines PQ and RS is half the size of

∠

XOZ,where O is the midpoint of segment AB.

Problem 1 of the International Mathematical Olympiad 2006

Let ABC be a triangle with incenter I. A point P in the interior of thetriangle satisfies

∠

PBA +

∠

PCA =

∠

PBC +

∠

PCB. Show thatAP > AI, and that equality holds if and only if P = I.

Problem 4 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 1975

Two given circles intersect in two points P and Q. Show how toconstruct a segment AB passing through P and terminating on thetwo circles such that AP×PB is a maximum.

Problem 4 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 1979

Show how to construct a chord FPE of a given angle A through afixed point P within the angle A such that + is a maximum.

Problem 4 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 2010

1

Let ABC be a triangle with

∠

A = 90°. Points D and E lie on sidesAC and AB, respectively, such that

∠

ABD =

∠

DBC and

∠

ACE =

∠

ECB. Segments BD and CE meet at I. Determine whether or notit is possible for segments AB, AC, BI, ID, CI, IE to all haveinteger lengths.

Problem 5 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 1990

An acute-angled triangle ABC is given in the plane. The circle withdiameter AB intersects altitude CC’ and its extension at points Mand N, and the circle with diameter AC intersects altitude BB’ andits extensions at P and Q. Prove that the points M, N, P, and Q lie ona common circle.

Problem 5 of the United States Mathematical Olympiad 1996

Triangle ABC has the following property: there is an interior point Psuch that

∠

PAB = 10°,

∠

PBA = 20°,

∠

PCA = 30°, and

∠

PAC =40°. Prove that triangle ABC is isosceles.

Problem 5 of the International Mathematical Olympiad 2004

In a convex quadrilateral ABCD the diagonal BD does not bisect theangles ABC and CDA. The point P lies inside ABCD and satisfies

∠

PBC =

∠

DBA and

∠

PDC =

∠

BDA. Prove that ABCD is acyclic quadrilateral if and only if AP = CP.

Problem 2 of the International Mathematical Olympiad 2009

Let ABC be a triangle with circumcenter O. The points P and Q areinterior points of the sides CA and AB, respectively. Let K, L and M be the midpoints of the segments BP, CQ and PQ, respectively, andlet Г be the circle passing through K, L and M. Suppose that the linePQ is tangent to the circle Г. Prove that OP = OQ.

Problem 4 of the International Mathematical Olympiad 2007

In triangle ABC the bisector of angle BCA intersects thecircumcircle again at R, the perpendicular bisector of BC at P, and

2

the perpendicular bisector of AC at Q. The midpoint of BC is K andthe midpoint of AC is L. Prove that the triangles RPK and RQLhave the same area.

3

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