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EH-ko Erronka sozioekonomikoak

EH-ko Erronka sozioekonomikoak

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Published by: EKAI Center on Mar 20, 2012
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01/25/2014

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lbm`wwnzml{`
jac `cz|`08
Lb xwlynklc{l kl L&Cav`{ncdb`g %Xb`{`oawf` kl Ly{w`{ldn`" Iafxl{n{nvnk`k ~ Kly`wwabba Wldnac`b. ~ lu vnil&blelck`m`wn ~ iacyljlwa kl Nck|y{wn` klb Dagnlwca _`yia" Jac @z|`" ly |c olwvnlc{l iacvlcinka kl p|l lb`|{adagnlwca ly lb fljaw i`fnca x`w` iacyld|nw fljawly ia{`y kl gnlcly{`w x`w` bay in|k`k`cay# B` li|`&inùc kl ` f`~aw xaklw xabæ{nia xwaxna" lc b` p|l yl iac{lfxb` b` nc{lwklxlcklcin` lc lb fnyfa cnvlb p|lbay Ly{`kay" fày i`x`ink`k liacùfni`" f`~aw kly`wwabba yain`b ~ e|f`ca ~ fljaw cnvlb kl gnlcly{`w kl bayv`yiay oawf` x`w{l klb xlcy`fnlc{a kl ly{l ncdlcnlwa nck|y{wn`b gnbg`æca# Iac kail `ðay kl luxlwnlcin`lc lb i`fxa kl b` @kfncny{w`inùc Xúgbni` v`yi` ` y|y lyx`bk`y" Jac @z|`" x|ya lc f`wie` ncnin`{nv`y {`cnccav`kaw`y iafa lb Xb`c 9 W kl wlly{w|i{|w`inùc klb {ljnka nck|y{wn`b v`yia a |c` c|lv` xabæ{ni` nck|y{wn`bg`y`k` lc bay ib|y{lwy iac{`cka iac b` iab`gaw`inùc klb xwaolyaw Fnie`lb L# Xaw{lw# Lc b` `i{|`bnk`k oawf`x`w{l kl nfxaw{`c{ly ncy{n{|inacly iafa b` \cnvlwynk`k kl Kl|y{a" kackl ly xwaolyaw" b` wlk F#A#I# klbNcy{n{|{a E`wv`wk kl Ly{w`{ldn` ~ Iafxl{n{nvnk`k" lb Ncy{n{|{a _`yia kl Iafxl{n{nvnk`k" ~ klb Ilngy kl Ye`c&de`n" lc kackl xwa~li{` |c` kl y|y dw`ckly agylynacly iafa ly b` iafxl{n{nvnk`k ~ b` nccav`inùc lc b`ylfxwly`y# \c` nkl` p|l ca p|lk` yùba lc lb àfgn{a `i`kîfnia" ynca p|l b` {w`{` kl e`ilwb` lfxæwni` lclfxwly`y iafa lb Dw|xa D|`yiaw" kackl ly vnilxwlynklc{l" a oawf`cka x`w{l kl bay iacyljay kl `kfn&cny{w`inùc kl iafx`ðæ`y iafa lb Dw|xa Xw`uny Xe`wf`" Dw|xa NFP" Aw`ibl Ngîwni`" O|ck`inùc kl In|k`&kly&Fl{wùxabn ~ Yabafac W# D|ddlcelnf Oa|ck`{nac lc C|lv` ^awm#
Jac @z|`"
Xwlynklc{l kl L&cav`{ncdb`g%Xb`{`oawf` kl Ly{w`{ldn`" Iafxl{n{nvnk`k ~ Kly`wwabba Wldnac`b.
]Lc{wlvny{`ka xaw I`wbay L{ulglwwnV
«I|`c{a fàyxaklw xabæ{niaxwaxna {lcd`fay"fày i`x`ink`kliacùfni`" fljawcnvlb kl gnlcly{`w~ f`~awkly`wwabba yain`b~ e|f`ca{lckwlfay½
 
±Kl p|î o`i{awly klxlckl lb o|{|wa yainaliacùfnia kl L|ym`b Elwwn`1
C|ly{wa o|{|wa klxlckl kl c|ly{w` i`x`ink`k lc iacvlw{nw c|ly{way xwa&gblf`y lc o|lc{ly kl yab|inùc ~ kl wnp|lz` ~ gnlcly{`w" ilc{w`cka ` b`xlwyac` iafa xwncinx`b kly{nc`{`wna ~ xwa{`dacny{` kl lyl i`fgna# Lc b`yn{|`inùc lc b` p|l ly{`fay iac lb klyla kl iac{`w iac |c f`~aw cnvlbklb Ly{`ka kl gnlcly{`w yay{lcngbl x`w` bay in|k`k`cay" cay lciac{w`&fay iac |c` ylwnl kl xwagblf`y p|l iackninac`c lb o|{|wa" {`bly iafa b`yfld` {lcklcin`y klfadwàoni`y" lc lk|i`inùc" y`cnk`k" {lwwn{awna" da&glwc`cz`" l{i# [akay ly{ay lblflc{ay x|lklc vlwyl iafa |c` axaw{|cn&k`k# Yn bay vlfay iafa o|lc{l kl c|ly{w` xwaxn` `i{nvnk`k kl o|{|wa" klc|ly{w` xwaxn` {w`cyoawf`inùc" {lclfay |c i`fnca f|~ ib`wa kl b` nc`&da{`gbl i`x`ink`k ~ xayngnbnk`k kl dlclw`w c|lv` wnp|lz`# Ly{` iwnyny on&c`cinlw` p|l x`klilfay e` x|ly{a lc lvnklcin` lb kagbl x`xlb kl baydagnlwcay ~ kl b`y xlwyac`y# Lc lb i`ya kl L|ym`kn ly lu{w`awknc`wn`&flc{l nfxaw{`c{l" fày yn i`gl" xawp|l e` klfay{w`ka p|l cn bay da&gnlwcay cn b`y `i{|`inacly klb wly{a kl `dlc{ly yac nd|`bly ` ba b`wda klbf|cka ~ p|l yl clilyn{` oaw{`blilw `b fàunfa {| i`x`ink`k kl klinynùcknolwlcin`k`" kl awd`cnz`w {| xwaxn` liacafæ`" {| xwaxn` yainlk`k" {| xwa&xna x`æy" kl |c` f`clw` kny{nc{` ~ xwaxn`# ^ lya cay bblv` `b xwaxna kl&g`{l xabæ{nia klb o|{|wa kl ly{l x`æy iac f`~úyi|b`y# Yæ ` xabæ{ni`y lncy{w|flc{ay dbag`bflc{l iafx`w{nkay xlwa klykl klinynacly ~ iaf&xwafnyay xwaxnay ~ knolwlcin`kay#
±B` liacafæ` v`yi` klgl `g`ckac`w b`y `i{nvnk`kly xwak|i{nv`y p|lbl i`w`i{lwnz`c ~ `xay{`w xaw a{way yli{awly iac fày o|{|wa1
Ly |c dw`c lwwaw ca lc{lcklw p|l lb bb`f`ka yli{aw f`c|o`i{|wlwa ~ b`nck|y{wn` yac |c` g`yl lyxlin`b klykl b` p|l iwlilw iafa |c` o|lc{l klnccav`inùc ~ kly`wwabba {licabùdnia# Ly f|~ knoæinb kly`wwabb`w |c` lia&cafæ` klb iacainfnlc{a ` x`w{nw kl b` c`k` a kl b` iacilxinùc ly{wni{`&flc{l {lùwni`# B` ynfxblz` kafnc`c{l lc b` ylx`w`inùc lc{wlf`c|o`i{|w`y vy# Ylwvninay ~ iacainfnlc{a bblv` `b ow`i`ya# Caya{way {l&clfay b` dw`c wnp|lz` kl xaklw kly`wwabb`w ly` liacafæ` kl b`y nkl`y"kl bay ylwvninay `v`cz`kay klykl |c` g`yl wl`b p|l ly b` p|l e` `xaw&{`ka b` nck|y{wn` ~ ca b` klglwæ`fay kl `g`ckac`w xawp|l ly b` p|l cayxwaxawinac` luxlwnlcin` ~ iwl`{nvnk`k wl`b# I|`cka yl e`gb` kl nck|y{wn`x`wlil p|l yl e`gb` kl |c` oàgwni`" kl |c {`bblw klybai`bnz`gbl yagwl b`g`yl kl g`jay y`b`wnay ~ ca yl e`il flcinùc `b knylða" ` b` nccav`inùc"f`wml{ncd" wli|wyay e|f`cay p|l iacbblv`# B` nck|y{wn` {nlcl fày nf&xaw{`cin` kl ba p|l x`wlil# Ly ba p|l ~a bb`fa" kl `bd|c` f`clw`" b`f`c|o`i{|w` yaony{ni`k`# A{wa lwwaw ly p|l i|`cka e`gb`fay kl b` lia&cafæ` kl b`y nkl`y" kl b` liacafæ` iwl`{nv`" x`wlil p|l ly{`fay xlc&
lbm`wwnzml{`
jac `z|`00
C|ly{wa o|{|wa klxlckl kl c|ly{w`i`x`ink`k lc iacvlw{nw c|ly{way xwagblf`y lc o|lc{ly kl yab|inùc ~ kl wnp|lz` ~ gnlcly{`w"ilc{w`cka ` b`xlwyac` iafa xwncinx`b kly{nc`{`wna ~ xwa{`dacny{` kl lyl i`fgna B` ynfxblz` kafnc`c{l lc b` ylx`w`inùc lc{wl f`c|o`i{|w`y vy#Ylwvninay ~ iacainfnlc{a bblv``b ow`i`ya 
 
y`cka" lc luib|ynv`" lc b`y ‒liacafæ`y o`yenac‖" lc bay x`wp|ly {lica&bùdniay" lc b` nck|y{wn` `|knavny|`b" flknay kl iaf|cni`inùc" knylða"fak` ~ `w{l# B` liacafæ` iwl`{nv` ly nciawxaw`w c|lv`y f`clw`y fày nc&cav`kaw`y ~ kl i`fgna lc {aka ba p|l ly{`fay e`inlcka# Lc knylð`w ~iacy{w|nw |c `|{agúy" lc ly{`gblilw |c lyp|lf` kl favnbnk`k kl {w`cy&xaw{l kny{nc{a `b p|l {lclfay" c|lvay f`{lwn`bly lc b` iacy{w|iinùc klvnvnlck`y" p|l {nlcl p|l vlw iafa a{wa {nxa kl |ya lc o|cinùc kl b` kl&fadw`oæ`# Ly wlknylð`w bay faklbay kl awd`cnz`inùc ~ daglwc`cz` %xú&gbniay ~ lfxwly`wn`bly.#
±X`w{nlcka kl ly` g`yl e`iæ` kackl klgl nw knwndnk` b` liacafæ`v`yi`1
Lc lb f|cka c`knl {l knil p|l lb o|{|wa ca x`y` xaw b` nck|y{wn` kl b`yay{lcngnbnk`k# Lb f|cka kl b` lclwdæ` ly f|~ nfxaw{`c{l lc lb kly`wwa&bba liacùfnia ~ yain`b ~ ly |c` dw`c o|lc{l kl wnp|lz` lc {ak`y y|y v`&wn`c{ly iafa yac b`y wlcav`gbly ~ b`y eægwnk`y# Lc yld|cka b|d`w" ~ caflcay nfxaw{`c{l" b`y xwaxn`y nck|y{wn`y klb gnlcly{`w# B` y`b|k ly |cgnlc `b p|l ca xaklfay wlc|cin`w xawp|l ly |ca kl bay dw`ckly lbl&flc{ay p|l e` `xaw{`ka ly{l Ly{`ka kl Gnlcly{`w ~ ly |c` o|lc{l nc`&da{`gbl kl klf`ck` {licabùdni`" nccav`kaw`" kl c|lvay xwncinxnay klxwak|iinùc" kl e`ilw b`y iay`y" `yæ iafa {aka lb yny{lf` kl favnbnk`k ~{w`cyxaw{l" ca yùba kl flwi`ciæ`y" ynca kl xlwyac`y# Klf`ck`fay a{wa{nxa kl iafxaw{`fnlc{ay x`w` ba p|l clilyn{`fay a{wa {nxa kl {w`cyxaw{l#Lya yac bay oaiay ` kackl yl klgl awnlc{`w b` liacafæ` ~ b|lda e`~ a{wa{nxa kl lblflc{ay kl yaxaw{l" b`y ncow`ly{w|i{|w`y lylcin`bly" ca yùbab`y oæyni`y" iafa b` badæy{ni`" lb {w`cyxaw{l ~ bay yny{lf`y kl iafxbl&flc{a kl c|ly{w` xwaxn` `i{nvnk`k kn`wn` lc b`y in|k`kly" ynca b`y nc{lbn&dlc{ly iafa b` lk|i`inùc# [lclfay p|l ylw iacyinlc{ly kl p|l b`{w`cyoawf`inùc kl |c x`æy clilyn{` kl f|ie`y kîi`k`y xawp|l kl b`caiel ` b` f`ð`c` ca yl x|lkl i`fgn`w# I|`cka yl e`il ly{w`{ldn`yx`w` {wlnc{` a i|`wlc{` `ðay yl klgl {lclw lc i|lc{` p|l lb 48, kl b`ly{w|i{|w` oæyni` kl lyl x`æy yld|nwà ynlcka b` fnyf`" xaw f|iea p|li`fgnlc b`y iay`y# Bay i`fgnay gàyniay&xwao|ckay ~ ca oawf`bly yac nf&xwlyinckngbly lc Lk|i`inùc ~ I|b{|w`#
±\c x`æy {`c xlp|lða iafa L|ym`b Elwwn` yl x|lkl xlwfn{nw iac{`w iac|c` k|xbnink`k kl ncow`ly{w|i{|w`y1
Yn {|vnîw`fay p|l lfxlz`w kl ilwa iac |c f`x` lc gb`cia ly f|~ xwa&g`gbl p|l `bd|nlc knjlw`" xaw ljlfxba" p|l iac kly`wwabb`w lb x|lw{a klGnbg`a ly y|oninlc{l ~ lyoawz`wyl lc e`ilwba lc X`y`n` ly iafxbni`wyl b`vnk`# Xlcy`cka lc lb b`wda xb`za ±xakwæ`fay iacvlcilw ` G`nac` p|l ca
lbm`wwnzml{`
jac `z|`07
B` liacafæ` iwl`{nv`ly nciawxaw`w c|lv`y f`clw`y fày nccav`kaw`y ~ kl i`fgna lc {aka ba p|l ly{`fay e`inlcka Lb f|cka kl b` lclwdæ`ly f|~ nfxaw{`c{l lc lb kly`wwabba liacùfnia ~ yain`b ~ ly |c` dw`c o|lc{l kl wnp|lz` lc {ak`y y|y v`wn`c{ly Bay i`fgnay gàyniay&xwao|ckay ~ ca oawf`bly yac nfxwlyinckngbly lc Lk|i`inùc ~ I|b{|w`

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