Burns at hot surfaces
. . . and for large machines**
Where the additional safety devices required at large machines are fitted in conjunction with guardsclosing under power, the closing movement should be actuated by a hold-to-run control device.This should be positioned outside the guarded area and give a clear view of the danger area.Hot parts above 80
C need to be protected against accidental contact using guards or insulation.Where hot parts are necessarily exposed (eg moulds) warning signs are required.Not all the hazards in Table 3 will exist on all machines and some safeguards will protect more than one hazard, eg oneinterlocking guard with associated fixed guarding could prevent access to the mould area, cutting area, blowing station, coolingstation, finishing station etc. If this is the case, the standard of protection needed for the most highly rated hazard should beapplied to the whole safeguarding system.* ‘Dangerous parts’ for the purpose of this sheet includes the following where they are present on a given machine: moulds andassociated drive mechanisms, cutting devices, blowing nozzle or mandrel, elongation rods, cooling moulds and associated drivemechanisms, cooling mandrel, any dangerous parts at the finishing station, apparatus for handling preforms at the heating area,devices for taking off or rejecting parisons, injection unit movement, withdrawal apparatus and transfer devices, preform feedingdevices and transport mechanisms.** A ‘large machine’ is one where a person can gain bodily entry between the guards and the machine
where that personcannot be seen in all positions from the operator’s panel.
Can the dangerous partsso stopped be started withthe guards open?About 50% of accidents at blow moulding machineshappen because of inadequate or damaged
On power-operated guard(s), do either the sensitivesafeguarding and about another 25% are because ofedges or the reduced-pressure closing systemdefeated safeguards. The following minimum checksoperate correctly?should be made to ensure that safety is maintained (youmay also want to refer to the manufacturer’s manual for
Does operation of the emergency stop(s) halt alladditional detail).
movement of the machine?
(suggested frequency: daily/after
Is it possible to operate any dangerous parts after
activation of the emergency stop(s) before themachine is reset?
Are all fixed and interlocked guards in place andsecure?
If fitted, are the mechanical restraints in goodcondition, properly adjusted and functioning
Are all control unit enclosures closed, locked and thecorrectly?keys removed?
Are control unit enclosures closed, locked and the
If fitted, and with the machine at rest, does breakingkeys removed and retained by a designated person?the electro-sensitive curtain with the test piece causethe indicator to change state?
Is movement of dangerous parts prevented while
a test piece is between the electro-sensitive
If a pressure-sensitive mat is fitted then, with thecurtain
an actuating force applied to the pressure-power on and the machine at rest, does thesensitive mat sensing area?pressure-sensitive mat indicator work when the matis stepped on?
Does removal of power to the electro-sensitive device
a n d / o r
pressure-sensitive mat prevent further
(suggested frequency: monthly)
operation of the machine and reactivation until power
is restored and the device reset?
Are all fixed guards held in place with fastenings thatrequire a tool to undo them?
From a visual inspection, is any of the exposedelectrical wiring showing any signs of damage?
Are all interlocking devices correctly aligned andsecurely attached to the guards?
Are all the hot surfaces, including hot connectinghoses of the temperature control circuit, that are
Does opening any interlocked guard door
external to guarded areas of the machine, protectedimmediately stop the dangerous parts it protects?
by fixed guards or insulation?