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Prelab 12

Prelab 12

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Published by Trixy Carreon

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Published by: Trixy Carreon on Mar 20, 2012
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11/14/2012

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Lourdes Patricia L. Carreon February 7, 2012Zaborah Eunice Bobadilla, Nerissa Unielle Quenga, Bernadette Toledo
Carboxylic Acids And Acid Derivatives
 I. Objectives 
 
To examine the reactivities of carboxylic acids and acid derivatives via qualitative analysis
 II. Schematic diagram of procedure 
A.
 
Solubility of Carboxylic Acids in 5% NaHCO
3
 B.
 
Test for Acetic AcidC.
 
Test for Benzoic AcidD.
 
Formation of EstersFrom a carboxylic acidFrom acyl halides1 drop glacial aceticacid + small pinchbenzoic acid in twosep. micro test tubes+1 drop 0.5MNaHCO
3
to each testtuberecord
any visible
change2 drops 2%NaOH + glacialacetic aciddropwisesoln slightly acid to litmus+2-3 drops 0.1M FeCl
3
solutionrecord any observablechange3 dropswater inmicro testtube +small pinchbenzoicacidheat untilsoliddissolvesthen cool+ 3.0 MNH
4
OHdropwiseuntilsolution isslightly basic tolitmusboil off excessammonia+1 drop0.1 FeCl
3
soln andrecord any change+5 drops of ethanol +2 drops glacial aceticacid in mictro testtube+ 1 drop conc. H
2
SO
4
and warm solutionnote smell of productformed
 
 E.
 
Hydroxamic Acid Test for the ester groupF.
 
Hydrolysis of Acid DerivativesAcetic AnhydrideEstersAmides
 III. TABLE OF REAGENTS/PRODUCTS 
micro test tube with10 drops ethanol + 2dops of benzoylchloridestopper with cork andshakenote smell of productformed
 
+1 dropethylacetate +1drop etherin microtest tube+1 dropalcoholicNH
2
OH HCl+1 dropalcoholicKOHheat oversmall flameto almostboiling andthen cool alittleacidify withalcoholicHCl+1 drop0.1 M FeCl
3
soln+5 drops water inmicro test tube +3drops acetic anhydridemoisten blue litmuspaper with solnnote change in color2 mL ethylacetate in 10mL roundbottom flask +5 mL 25%NaOHreflux reactionmixture for 30minsobservedisappearanceof pleasant sellneutralize mixture with 6.0 M HClobserve sour smell of carboxylic acidformedsmall pinch of benzamide in microtest tube+5 drops 2% NaOHheat solution and noteodor of gas evolved
 
Reagent/Product Structure Physical Properties Hazards
Glacial CH
3
COOH Causes severeirritation andburns. May Beharmful if swallowed. Avoidbreathing vapor ordust. Use withadequateventilation. Avoidcontact with eyes,skin, and clothes.Wash thoroughly 
 
after handling.Keep containerclosed.Benzoic acid May be fatal if inhaled, swallowedor absorbed thruthe skin Avoid allcontact. Use withadequateventilation. Washthoroughly afteruse. Keepcontainer closed.5% NaHCO
3
 
Eye:
Causes eyeirritation. Causesredness and pain.
Skin:
May cause skinirritation. Repeated orprolonged exposuremay cause drying andcracking of the skin.
Ingestion:
May causeirritation of thedigestive tract.
Inhalation:
May causerespiratory tractirritation.
Chronic:
Prolonged orrepeated skin contactmay cause irritation.
95% CH
3
CH
2
OH Can be fatal orcause blindness if swallowed inquantity. Causesheadache,dizziness, nausea,narcosis. Chronicoverexposure cancause damage to gastrointestinal

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