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Op Amp Basics

# Op Amp Basics

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03/06/2013

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Electronics II Theory Basic Op Amp Circuits

Rev.1/6/2003 Basic Op Amp Circuits Page CC-1

BASIC OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS
1. NON-INVERTING AMPLIFIER

A
VF
(
ideal
)
=
o
in
=
1
+
R
F
R
E
Z
IF
(
ideal
)
=
in
I
in
=
Z
OF
(
ideal
)
=
o
I
o
iu
=
0
=
0
For minimum O/P DC offset voltage, make
R
B
R
E
R
F
with BJT input op amps.For FET input op amps, in general, omit R
B
. If R
E
and R
F
are very large (M
), do use
R
B
R
E
R
F
. tominimise O/P DC offset voltage.
VinVo
R
B
R R
E F0A0A
I
in
I
F
I
FVinVin
- +- +
Z
inf
Z
of
NOTE: The ideal gain is positive therefore the output is in phase with the input which explains why this circuitis called a non-inverting amplifier. This circuit is also ideal for buffering purposes, that is to isolate the loadfrom the source since Z
IF
=
and Z
OF
= 0 - the source does not supply any current (I
in
= 0) while the loadcurrent is supplied by the output of the op amp which has 0
ideal output impedance.
Derivation of A
VF
and Z
IF
ideal

Electronics II Theory Basic Op Amp Circuits

Rev.1/6/2003 Basic Op Amp Circuits Page CC-2

2. INVERTING AMPLIFIER

A
VF
(
ideal
)
=
o
in
=
R
F
R
E
Z
IF
(
ideal
)
=
in
I
in
=
R
E
Z
OF
(
ideal
)
=
o
I
o
iu
=
0
=
0
For minimum O/P DC offset voltage, make
R
B
R
E
R
F
with BJT input op amps.For FET input op amps, in general, omit R
B
. If R
E
and R
F
are very large (M
), do use
R
B
R
E
R
F
. tominimise O/P DC offset voltage.
VinVo
R
B
R R
E F0A0A
Z
inf
Z
of
+ -+ -
I
in
I
in0V0V
NOTE: The gain is negative therefore the output is inverted with respect to the input. The input impedance isnot infinite therefore current is drawn from the source - this is not a buffer as seen with the non-invertingamplifier.
Derivation of A
VF
and Z
IF
ideal

Electronics II Theory Basic Op Amp Circuits

Rev.1/6/2003 Basic Op Amp Circuits Page CC-3

3. UNITY-GAIN BUFFER

A
VF
(
ideal
)
=
o
in
=
1
Z
IF
(
ideal
)
=
in
I
in
=
Z
OF
(
ideal
)
=
o
I
o
iu
=
0
=
0
For minimum O/P DC offset voltage, make
R
F
R
INT
with BJT input op amps.For FET input op amps, in general, omit R
F
If R
INT
isvery large (M
), do use
R
F
R
INT
. to minimise O/PDC offset voltage.
VinVo
R
F
RR
LINT0A0A
BJT I/P

VinVo
RR
LINT0A0AFET I/ P
NOTE: This circuit is ideal for buffering purposes, that is to isolate the load from the source since Z
IF
=
andZ
OF
= 0 - the source does not supply any current (I
in
= 0) while the load current is supplied by the output of theop amp which has 0
output impedance.
Current boosting-source only

VinVo
RR
LINT0A0AFET I/ P+VsupCcQ1SOURCEONLY
C
C
= 20 pF to 0,
1
µF needed to stabilise thefeedback loop - the larger the input stray capacitanceof the MOSFET is, the larger C
C
must be. Larger C
C
values yield smaller bandwidth and smaller slew rate(dV
o
/dt max). If C
C
is too small, the feedback loopmay break into self oscillations - unstable feedbackloop.
Current boosting-source and sink(push-pull output)

VinVo
RR
LINT0A0AFET I/ P+VsupCcQ1-VsupQ2SOURCEANDSINK

Derivation of A
VF
and Z
IF
ideal

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