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Encodings, Unicode and Erlang by Richard Carlsson

Encodings, Unicode and Erlang by Richard Carlsson

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All you wanted to know about Character Encodings but were too afraid to ask


Why are there so many different encodings? What does all the terminology mean? What do I need to keep in mind? What is all this Unicode stuff anyway? How does Unicode work in Erlang? How do we switch our system to Unicode?











In the beginning, there was the Teleprinter



Incoming characters are printed to paper Keypress is sent to the remote teleprinter or  computer (and printed on the paper, for feedb
All you wanted to know about Character Encodings but were too afraid to ask


Why are there so many different encodings? What does all the terminology mean? What do I need to keep in mind? What is all this Unicode stuff anyway? How does Unicode work in Erlang? How do we switch our system to Unicode?











In the beginning, there was the Teleprinter



Incoming characters are printed to paper Keypress is sent to the remote teleprinter or  computer (and printed on the paper, for feedb

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Published by: Dmitrii 'Mamut' Dimandt on Mar 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/10/2012

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All you wanted to knowabout Character Encodingsbut were too afraid to ask 
Why are there so many different encodings?
What does all the terminology mean?
What do I need to keep in mind?
What is all this Unicode stuff anyway?
How does Unicode work in Erlang?
How do we switch our system to Unicode?
 
 
In the beginning, there wasthe Teleprinter
Incoming characters are printed to paper
Keypress is sent to the remote teleprinter orcomputer (and printed on the paper, for feedback)
The first teleprinters were invented in the 1870s
Baudot code (5-bit, shifted state for letters/symbols)
 
 
Baudot code?
É
mile Baudot (1 baud = 1 'signalling event'/second)
1874, some 70 years before the first computers
5 bits (32 combinations)
A-Z
,
0-9
,
&()=%/-;!'?,:.
,
ERASE
,
FIGSHIFT
, ...
~60 characters in total, thanks to shift state
Binary, fixed length
Only 2 signalling states: on/off 
Always in groups of 5, e.g.,
A
=
00001

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