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Corrosion Rates of Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pages from C141839-02C-14

Corrosion Rates of Carbon Steel and Stainless Steel Pages from C141839-02C-14

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King,Mark
From:
Brown,
Michael
Sent:
Tuesday,
March
29,
2011
5:23
PM
To:
King,
Mark
Cc:
Thorp, John;
RSTOB
Hoc;
Haagensen,
Brian;
Gorday,
Charlie
Subject:
RE:
Looking
for
OpEon
Corrosion
Rates
of
Carbon Steel
andStainless
steel
-
to
support
Japan
event
responseteam
Thanks,
for
the
information.
I
appreciate
the
rapid
turnaround and
highly
detailed
information.
It
is
exactly
the
type
of
stuff
we
are
looking
for.
Once again,
OpE
comes
through. The
Millstone
eventwas
something
that
happened
back
in
1972,
a
guy
from
INPO
contacted
me
and
supposedlythere
were
NUREGs
written
on
the
event that
are
stored
on
microfiche.
He's
going to
get
me
the
NUREG
#'sand
I
get
somebody
in
theOps Center
to
get the
microfiche.
Mike
Mike Brown
Sr.
Project
Manager
-
Vogtle
Project
NRO/DCIP/CIPBemail
-michael.brown@nrc.gov
ne
-
301-415-4096
office
-
T-7F14
From:
King,
Mark
Sent:
Tuesday,
March
29,
2011
4:59
PM
To:
Brown, Michael
Cc:
Thorp,
John;
RST08Hoc;
Haagensen,
Brian;
Gorday,
Charlie
Subject:
RE:
Looking
for
OpEon
Corrosion
Rates of
Carbon Steel
and
Stainless
steel
-to
support
Japan
event
response
team
RE:
looking
for
what
were
the
CarbonSteel
corrosion
rates
and Stainless
steel corrosion
rates
in
seawater
Mike,
Somedata
/
references
I
found
that
may
help
related
to
carbonsteel
/
stainlesssteel
corrosion
rates
in
seawater.
1)
An
example
of
localized
corrosion penetration
of
Type
316L
stainless
steel
in
aiseawater
cooling
system
is
shown
in
Figure
4-1.
The
pitting
is
attributed
to
the
presence
of
stagnant
well
water and
Sa
water.
Complete penetration
of
the
pipe
wall
occurred
within
approximately
6
months
after
filling
the
pipe
with well
water
and lateradding
seawater.
The
time
ofinitiation of
pitting
is
not
known,
but
assuming
pitting
initiatedright
away, a
minimum
pit
growth
rate'of
appr~oxirriatly~i2
mrmly
[472mpy]
can
be
estimated.
The
figure
also
illustrates
that
self-repassivation
of
deep
pits
did
notoccur.
It
is
quite
possiblethatthe
sulfatereducing
bacteria
found
in
the
well
waterresulted
in
a
lowering of
repassivation
potential,
whereas
the
seawater
contributedtoan
increase
in
corrosionpotential,
so that
acombination
of
these
two
1
1 7
 
environmentsresulted
in
rapid
initiation
of
pitting.
S•ee
Page
26
http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/`ML0336/ML033630367.pdf
Figure
4-1.
Through-WallPitting
of
a
Type
316L
Stainless
SteelSeawater
CoolingPipe
in
a
Fossil-firedPowerPlant.Pitting is
Believedto
Have
Occurred
Because
of Microbiologically
Influenced
Corrosion
from
Stagnant
Well
and
Seawater.
This
documentabove
references
the
followingitems
AI-Hashem,
A.,
J.
Carew,and
A.
AI-Odwani.
"The
CorrosionPerformance
of Nickel-Based
Alloys
in
a
Reverse
Osmosis
Plant
Utilizing
Seawater..
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION'98
Conference.
Paper
No.
985. Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.1998.
DECHEMA.
Handbook
of
Corrosion:
Seawater.
Vol.
11.
New
YorkCity,
New
York:VCH
Publishers.
pp.
66-296.
1992.
Fdron,
D.
and
B.
Wali6n.
"Effectof
High
Concentrations
of Chlorine
and
Sulfideon
Stainless
Alloys
in
Seawater."
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION'93
Conference.
Paper
No.
498.
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
1993.
Gartland,
P.O.
"A
Simple
Model
for
the
Crevice
CorrosionPropagation
for
Stainless
Steel
in
Seawater.,"
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION
'97
Conference.
Paper
417.
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
1997.Hack,
H.P.
"Crevice
Corrosion
Behavior
of
Molybdenum-containing
StainlessSteels
in
Sgawater."
Materials
Performance.
Vol.
22,
No.6.
pp.
24-30.
1983.
Jasner,
M.R.
and
E.
Altpeter.
"Resistance
to
Localized
Corrosion
of
StainlessSteels
and
Nickel
Base
Alloys
in
HotSealWatei-Experiences
from
the
German
North
Sea."
Proceedings
of the
CORROSION
'93
Conference.Paper
No.
499.
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
1993.
Kain,
R.M.
"Seawater
Testing
to
Assess
the
Crevice
Corrosion
Resistance
of
Stainless
Steelsand
Related
Alloys."
Proceedings
of
the
12th
InternationalCorrosion
Congress.
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
Vol.
3B,
No.
1.
pp.
889-1,900.
1993.
Lennox,T.J.,
M.H.
Peterson,
and
C.W.
Billow.
"Corrosion
Resistance
and
Response
to
Cathodic
Protection
of Advanced
Alloys
in
Seawater."
Materials
Performance.
Vol.
22.pp.
49-55.
1983.Maligas,
M.N.
and
J.
Vicic.
"Corrosion
Resistance
of
High Alloy
Materials
Exposed
to
Chlorinatedand
Natural
Seawater."
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION
'97
Conference.
Paper
No.
426.Houston,
Texas.
NACE
International.1997.
Schumacher,
M.
Seawater
Corrosion
Handbook.
Park Ridge,
New
Jersey:
Noyes
Data
Corporation.1979.
Shalaby,
H.M.
and
A.
-Husain.
"Localized
Corrosion
ofElectric
Resistance
Weldsof Austenitic
Stainless
Steel
in
Seawater."
British
Corrosion
Journal.
Vol.
27.pp.
45-49.
1992.
Shaw,
B.A.,
P.J.
Moran,
and
P.
Gartland.
"Crevice
Corrosion
of
a
Nickel-based
Superalloy
in
Natural
and
ChlorinatedSeawater."
Proceedings
of
the
12th
InternationalCorrosion
Congress.
2
 
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
Vol.
3B.
pp.
1,915-1,928.
1993.Sridhar,
N.,
C.S.
Brossia,
D.S.
Dunn,
J.P.
Buckingham,and
A.
Anderko.
"Predicting
Localized
Corrosion
in
Seawater
Cooling
System."
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION
2002
Conference.
Paper
No.
02204. Houston, Texas:
NACE
International. 2002.
Valen, S.,
P.O. Gartland,
and
U.
Steinsmo.
"Long
Duration
Tests
of
the
Crevice
Corrosion
Rateof
High-Alloyed
Stainless
Steels
in
Seawater."
Proceedings
of
the
CORROSION
'93
Conference.
Paper
496.
Houston,
Texas:
NACE
International.
1993.
2)
Milestone
issue
-not
sure
what
event
you
mean
perhaps
-
(see
also
item
7
below)
http://pbadupws.nrc.qov/docs/ML0606/ML060670253.pdfThe
draft
RAI
is
related
toDNC's submittal
datedJune
9,
2005,
requesting
approval
for
the
use
of
an alternative
brazed
joint
assessment
Methodology
discusses
--
Provide
thewater
chemistry
of
theservicewater
in
the referenced
piping
systems
and
discuss
its
potential
corrosion
degradation
on
its
adjacent
components due to
theleaking
of
the brazed
joints.
If
he service
water
is seawater,
the
dripping
of
seawater
on
stainless
steel
components
will
cause
the
initiation
of
stress-corrosion
cracking
on
its
surface.
Also,
discuss
the
corrective action program
that
you
will
implement
to
inspect
and
clean
up
the
dripping
on
the
adjacent components
....
To
support
your
conclusion
that
no
progressive
failure
mechanismexists
in
he open
loop
systems,
you
performed
failure
analysis
on
two
brazed
joint
specimens
removed
from Millstone
seawater
service
with
nearly
20
years
of
service
and
no
corrosion product
was
found.
However,
these
specimens
were
taken
from
brazed
joints
that
were
not leaking.
To
adequately
support
your
conclusion,
the
root
cause
for
the
leakage
needs
to be
determined since the
joint
was
not
leakingwhen
it
was
first
put
in
service.Furthermore,
failure
analysis
should be performed on
samples
taken
from
leaking
brazed
jointsto
determine the degradation mechanism
that
caused
leaking.
The potential
degradation mechanism
could
be
fatigue-related
cracking,
stress-corrosion
cracking,
or
another
mechanism and
maynot
be
limited
to
corrosion.
These mechanisms
maycombine
with
the
fabricated
defects
and
cause
leaking
when
it
breaks the outside
surface.
Lacking
sufficient
evidence,
a
time-dependent evaluation,assumingthe
presence
of
a
degradation mechanism progressive
with
time,
should
be
performed.
3)
CREVICE
CORROSION
PENETRATION
RATES OF ALLOY
22
IN
CHLORIDE-CONTAINING
WATERS- PROGRESS
REPORThttp://pbadu
pws.nrc.gov/docs/ML0624/ML062440377.pdf
4)
Outside Diameter Initiated Stress Corrosion Cracking Revised Final
White
Paper, PA-MSC-0474
http://pbadu
pws.nrc.eov/docs/ML
1104JML1
10400241
.pdf
3.2
Historical
OE
Given therecent
occurrences
of
ODSCC
in
stainless
steelpipe
at
Callaway,
Wolf Creek
and
SONGS,
it is
prudent
to
take
a
look
at
other
units
that
have
experiencedsimilarphenomena. The
key
elements
of
eachthese
ODSCC occurrences
are
summarized
in
Table
1.
This
list
is
notcomprehensive, but
it
provides
a
reasonable
cross
section
of
the
historical
data.
TabQle:,C
of
StainlessStee
J!ip
-g #•.ge,3
(I
noted
Japaneseplant
was
mentioned
his table
-
3

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