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Ancient Tree Guide 2 - Historic Parks and Landscape Gardens

Ancient Tree Guide 2 - Historic Parks and Landscape Gardens

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Published by woodlandtrust
A short leaflet explaining the threats to ancient trees in historic parks and gardens and giving advice on how to look after ancient trees better
A short leaflet explaining the threats to ancient trees in historic parks and gardens and giving advice on how to look after ancient trees better

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: woodlandtrust on Mar 22, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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03/22/2012

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Jgd`ngy Ysnn K~`in ga'38
Ysnnt `g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgiejgitdjvn kjsingt
 Jy enjty t`gdn Tmjbntvnjsn% {n mjneani ymn cnj~yp jgi lptynsp ao jgd`ngy ysnnt'''jgi mjn vsntnsniymnl ya k`n i`kg`yp ya gn{ vjsbt'
 
 Jgd`ngyYsnn K~`in ga'38Ysnnt `g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi ejgitdjvn kjsingt
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Jgd`ngyYsnn K~`in ga'38Ysnnt `g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi ejgitdjvn kjsingt
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Vjsbt mjn cnng j tyjy~t tplcae osallni`jnje y`lnt {mng ymnp {nsn as`k`gjeep vejdnt ymjy {nsn ngdeatni ya bnnv inns' Ymnp  {nsn dall`tt`agni jgi t~ctnz~ngyep djsni oascp ljgp kngnsjy`agt ao ojl`e`nt% aoyng ymatn ao `gffi~ngdn jgi {njeym' Ymnp djvy~sn ymndmjgk`gk ojtm`agt `g ejgitdjvn int`kg ia{gymn dngy~s`nt' Ymn `llngtn mns`yjkn je~n ao a~s ksnjy ma~tnt jgi aymns ﬊gn c~`ei`gkt% ymnojcs`d% o~sg`y~sn jgi ymn ysnjt~snt ymnp dagyj`gjt {nee jt ymn`s vjsbt jgi kjsingt% `t {`inep sndakg`tni' Snljsbjcen jgi sjsn jgd`ngy ysnntmjn t~s`ni jgi intnsn nz~je sndakg`y`ag'Ymnp dagys`c~yn ya ”ymn j`s ao sntvndyjcenjgy`z~`yp‐ jgi jii j i`ty`gdy`n z~je`yp ya a~sejgitdjvnt ymjy mnevt ya i`ty`gk~`tm ymnl osall~dm ao Gasymnsg N~savn'
Ymn ksnjy ejgitdjvn int`kgnst — [`ee`jl Bngy%Djvjc`e`yp Csa{g jgi M~lvmsp Snvyag% jt {nee jtentt {nee,bga{g agnt% osnz~ngyep `gdasvasjyni`gya ymn`s vejgt onjy~snt ymn vsn,n}`ty`gk ejgitdjvnao ljy~sn jgi jgd`ngy ysnnt t~dm jt aei mniknsa{ ysnnt jgi vaeejsit' Ljgp ao ymatn as`k`gje ysnnt ty`eeyms`n yaijp jgi cndj~tn ao ymn`s `gdsnjt`gk jknmjn cndaln ao nng ksnjyns m`tyas`d t`kg`o`djgdn'Ym`t k~`in vsa`int `goasljy`ag jgi ji`dn oasymatn sntyas`gk% dagtns`gk jgi ojsl`gk int`kgniejgitdjvnt {`ym jgd`ngy jgi jkn`gk ysnnt' @y `t`gyngini oas ejgitdjvn int`kgnst jgi kjsingnst%a{gnst jgi vsavnsyp ljgjknst ao m`tyas`d vjsbtjgi kjsingt jt {nee jt ymn`s jkngyt jgi ji`tnst' @ytma~ei cn snji `g jttad`jy`ag {`ym ymn ﬊sty k~`in `gym`t tns`nt ―Jgd`ngy Ysnnt K~`int Ga':8 Ysnnt jgiojsl`gk“ cndj~tn taln ojsl`gk jdy``y`nt djg mjnj t`kg`﬊djgy `lvjdy `g m`tyas`d vjsbt yaa'@g ymn :?,:0ym dngy~s`nt {mng laty ao a~s m`tyas`dvjsbt jgi kjsingt {nsn int`kgni% ymn Cs`y`tmda~gyspt`in {jt ojs s`dmns `g aei jgi jgd`ngy ysnntymjg `y `t yaijp' Sndngy dmjgknt `g jks`d~ey~sn jgiymn inde`gn `g ymn je~n ao ”{asb`gk‐ ysnnt% ntvnd`jeep vaeejsit jgi davv`dn mjn eni ya ljgp eattnt'I~ydm nel i`tnjtn snt~eyni `g ymn i`tjvvnjsjgdn ao l`ee`agt ao ljy~sn jgi jgd`ngy nelt' Oasy~gjynep tyaslt% e`bn ymn agn `g :0=;% aoyng mjn entt ao jgnoondy ag a~s aeinty ysnnt ymjg pa~gkns agntcndj~tn ymnp mjn jesnjip eaty ymn`s dsa{gt'Jt j snt~ey% m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi kjsingt mjn cndalnsno~knt oas taln ao a~s aeinty jgi d~ey~sjeep `lvasyjgy ysnnt jgi ymn tvnd`je`ty {`eie`on jttad`jyni {`ym ymnl' Ya dagtnsn ymnl jgi ymn i`ty`gdy`ndmjsjdyns ymnp k`n a~s ejgitdjvnt {n gnni ya8
G~sy~sn jgd`ngy ysnnt% e``gk as inji% ya snyj`gymn tvnd`je ”j`s ao jgy`z~`yp‐ ymnp vsa`in
Ntyjce`tm pa~gk ysnnt ya vsa`in dagy`g~`yp `gyaymn o~y~sn jgi sn`yje`tn ymn int`kg dagdnvy
Vnsvny~jyn ymn e`nt ao tvnd`lng jgi onjy~sn ysnnt'
J cnj~y`o~e `gmns`yjgdnJgdntysje ysnnt
Ljy~sn ysnnt gnni jt l~dm vsayndy`ag jtymn pa~gk ysnnt vejgyni ya snvejdn ymnlB`esjadb cnndm — j {aginso~e ejpns`gk ysnn
Dsa{g snysngdmlngy ljp vsaeagk j ysnn+t e`on
     …
      …
 
3'Sn,nje~jy`gk ymn inji jgiip`gk ysnn
Ymnsn `t j vsnj`e`gk `n{ ymjy int`kgni ejgitdjvnt%ntvnd`jeep ymn kjsingt gnjsnty ymn lj`g ma~tn% tma~eigay snyj`g jgp inji tyjgi`gk as ojeeng ysnnt as e`lctoas jntymny`d snjtagt' Pny ymnsn jsn ljgp iad~lngyni`gtyjgdnt {mnsn enj`gk jgd`ngy ysnnt jgi indjp`gk {aai {jt ngda~sjkni jgi taln ejgitdjvn int`kgnst%t~dm jt [`ee`jl Bngy% nng {ngy ta ojs jt ya sneadjynjgi sn,nsndy {maen inji tyjgi`gk ysnnt' Cp ymn ejyn:=ym, jgi njsep :0ym,dngy~s`nt ymn {asbt ao ljgp jsy`tyt {ma vj`gyni `g ymn Saljgy`d typen onjy~sniinji tyjgi`gk ysnnt jgi ojeeng {aai oas ymn`s `gys`gt`dcnj~yp jgi z~je`y`nt ao gjy~sjegntt'Taln jgd`ngy ysnnt jsn e``gk Gajm‐t jsbt2 ymnp jsnmaty ya j vsnd`a~t djska ao sjsn jgi ~egnsjcenaskjg`tlt {m`dm snep ag j dagy`g~`yp ao aei ysnnt`g a~s ejgitdjvn `o ymn`s o~y~sn `t ya cn t~tyj`gjcen'Oas ljgp tvnd`nt `y `t ymn gjy~sje vsadntt ao indjp%ao maeea{`gk jgi jkn`gk ymjy `t `lvasyjgy' [mnsndj`y`nt% tve`yt jgi ffijb`gk cjsb jsn oaslni ymnp vsa`in gnty`gk jgi saaty t`ynt oas c`sit jgi cjyt'Ndatptynlt snep ag ymn sndpde`gk ao g~ys`ngyt osalojeeng {aai cp l`dsa,askjg`tlt' T~dm {aaitma~ei cn snyj`gni jt deatn jt vatt`cen ya {mnsn `ymjt ojeeng' @y djg ymng tea{ep indjp cjdb `gya ymnta`e jgi ymn g~ys`ngyt cndaln snji`ep jj`ejcen oasymn ysnn ya sn~tn'
Ym`t Laddjt Vjsb ajb {jt jy agn y`ln yma~kmy ymn agep ysnn `g ymnda~gysp ymjy {jt maty ya j vjsy`d~ejs tvnd`nt ao cnnyen
Ymn ljg ao td`ngdn jgi ao yjtyn {`ee'''i`tdans ymncnj~y`nt `g j ysnn {m`dm ymn aymnst {a~ei daginlgoas `yt indjp'
M~lvmsp Snvyag―Actnsjy`agt ag ymnYmnasp jgiVsjdy`dn ao Ejgitdjvn Kjsing`gk“ :=64
    G   a   n    e    B   `   g   k   t    e   n   p
Taln dallag ljgjknlngy `tt~nt`g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi kjsingt ymjyjoondy jgd`ngy ysnnt:'Ljgjk`gk ymn e``gk ysnn jgi `ytt~ssa~git
Sndngy jijgdnt `g bga{enikn ao ma{ ysnnt ksa{%ma{ ymnp jkn jgi gn{ ysnn ljgjknlngyyndmg`z~nt lnjg ymjy {n jsn ga{ cnyyns jcen yayjbn jdy`ag ya tjonk~jsi jgi vsaeagk ymn e`nt ao ysnnt `g ymn ejgitdjvn' @g ljgp djtnt ymnsn `t gagnni ya `gynsngn jy jee aymns ymjg ya vsnngyijljkn ya ymn ysnn‐t saayt' Ma{nns% {mjy {n iabga{ `t ymjy yaa l~dm d~yy`gk `g yaa tmasy jy`lntdjen {`ee aoyng mjtyng ymn inl`tn ao j ysnn'Jee tvnd`nt ao ysnnt% `gde~i`gk `gysai~dni tvnd`nt%djg vejp j `yje vjsy `g vsa`i`gk ymn dagy`g~`yp ao mjc`yjy ymjy `t ta tvnd`je `g jgd`ngy ysnnt'
Ma{ djg pa~ mnev1
[mnsn vatt`cen sni~dn s`tb cp bnnv`gk vnavenj{jp osal ymn ysnn ymjy `t dj~t`gk dagdnsg
[mng d~yy`gk j ysnn% agep snlan ymnl`g`l~l gndnttjsp' Onee`gk ya ksa~gi enne `tsjsnep snz~`sni
Tnnb tvnd`je`ty jscas`d~ey~sje ji`dn cnoasnd~yy`gk jgd`ngy ysnnt as aei vaeejsit ymjy jsn {nee a~y ao j vaeejsi`gk dpden jgi vejg ymnsni~dy`ag ao djgav`nt `g tyjknt ans indjintsjymns ymjg j on{ pnjst
Enjn yasg as csabng csjgdmnt {mnsn vatt`cenya sntvagi gjy~sjeep 
Jeea{ {`git{nvy ysnnt jgi ea{ as csabngcsjgdmnt ymjy jsn ya~dm`gk ymn ksa~gi ya ejpnsas dagy`g~n ya ksa{ cp vsayndy`gk ymnl osalksjx`gk jg`ljet
@o onee`gk `t ymn agep avy`ag% snyj`g ymn ty~lvjgi vsayndy `y osal ksjx`gk `o `y mjt vayngy`jeya snksa{ 
Enjn d~y ljyns`je ag t`yn `g jt ejskn v`ndnt jtvatt`cen jgi `injeep deatn ya {mnsn `y `t d~y'
Snyj`g ljy~sn ysnnt ta ymnp cndaln ymn gn}ykngnsjy`ag ao jgd`ngy ysnnt
Ja`i ymn snlaje ao inji{aai oas ga snjtagaymns ymjg y`i`gntt'
>
 Jgd`ngyYsnn K~`in ga'38Ysnnt `g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi ejgitdjvn kjsingt
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Jgd`ngyYsnn K~`in ga'38Ysnnt `g m`tyas`d vjsbt jgi ejgitdjvn kjsingt
I`tdans ymn cnj~yp `g j ysnn {`ym indjp 
[n tma~ei ia nnspym`gk {n djg ya vsaeagk ymn e`ntao jgd`ngy ysnnt' Ymnp jsn {`ygnttnt ya ymn vjty% t~s,`ast `g m`tyas`d ejgitdjvn2 njdm mjt `yt a{g t`kg`o`,djgy tyasp'
Vngneavn E`nep%
{s`yns 
Enjn e`lct {mnsn ymnp ojee
Cnoasn8
_`t`yast%ymn”yjskny‐%jsn yaa deatn ya ym`t >66 pnjs aei ajb J ojeeng ysnn ljp snkngnsjyn `o k`ng ymn dmjgdn
Joyns8
_`t`yast jsn ga eagkns jy s`tb%ymn vjym jgi djs vjsb mjn cnngsneadjyni'

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