Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
0Activity
P. 1
Ma Ha 15

Ma Ha 15

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0 |Likes:
Published by commit_to_truth
Books that illuminate the consciousness. These books contain knowledge for success in life immortality and total happiness
Books that illuminate the consciousness. These books contain knowledge for success in life immortality and total happiness

More info:

Published by: commit_to_truth on Mar 22, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as TXT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/22/2012

pdf

text

original

 
TheMahabharataofKrishna-DwaipayanaVyasaBOOK15ASRAMAVASIKAPARVATranslatedintoEnglishProsefromtheOriginalSanskritTextbyKisariMohanGanguli[1883-1896]Scannedatsacred-texts.com,2003.ProofedbyJohnBrunoHare.SECTIONI(AsramavasaParva)OM!AFTERHAVINGboweddowntoNarayana,andNara,theforemostofmen,anduntothegoddessSaraswatialso,mustthewordJayabeuttered."Janamejayasaid'Afterhavingacquiredtheirkingdom,howdidmygrandsires,thehigh-souledPandavas,conductthemselvestowardsthehigh-souledkingDhritarashtra?How,indeed,didthatkingwhohadallhiscounsellorsandsonsslain,whowaswithoutarefuge,andwhoseaffluencehaddisappeared,behave?HowalsodidGandhariofgreatfameconductherself?Forhowmanyyearsdidmyhigh-souledgrandsiresrulethekingdom?Itbehoveththeetotellmeallthis.'"Vaisampayanasaid,'Havinggotbacktheirkingdom,thehigh-souledPandavas,theirfoesallslain,ruledtheEarth,placingDhritarashtraattheirhead.Vidura,andSanjayaandYuyutsuofgreatintelligence,whowasDhritarashtra'ssonbyhisVaisyawife,usedtowaituponDhritarashtra.ThePandavasusedtotaketheopinionofthatkinginallmatters.Indeed,fortenandfiveyears,theydidallthingsundertheadviceoftheoldking.Thoseheroesusedveryoftentogotothatmonarchandsitbesidehim,afterhavingworshippedhisfeet,agreeablytothewishesofkingYudhishthirathejust.TheydidallthingsunderthecommandofDhritarashtrawhosmelttheirheadsinaffection.ThedaughterofkingKuntibhojaalsoobeyedGandhariineverything.DraupadiandSubhadraandtheotherladiesofthePandavasbehavedtowardstheoldkingandthequeenasiftheyweretheirownfather-in-lawandmother-in-law.Costlybedsandrobesandornaments,andfoodanddrinkandotherenjoyablearticles,inprofusionandofsuchsuperiorkindsaswereworthyofroyaluse,werepresentedbykingYudhishthirauntoDhritarashtra.SimilarlyKuntibehavedtowardsGandhariastowardsasenior.Vidura,andSanjaya,andYuyutsu,OthouofKaru'srace,usedtoalwayswaitupontheoldkingwhosesonshadallbeenslain.Thedear
 
brother-in-lawofDrona,viz.,theverySuperiorBrahmana,Kripa,thatmightybowman,alsoattendedupontheking.TheholyVyasaalsousedtooftenmeetwiththeoldmonarchandrecitetohimthehistoriesofoldRishisandcelestialasceticsandPitrisandRakshasas.Vidura,undertheordersofDhritarashtra,superintendedthedischargeofallactsofreligiousmeritandallthatrelatedtotheadministrationofthelaw.ThroughtheexcellentpolicyofVidura,bytheexpenditureofevenasmallwealth,thePandavasobtainednumerousagreeableservicesfromtheirfeudatoriesandfollowers.KingDhritarashtraliberatedprisonersandpardonedthosethatwerecondemnedtodeath.KingYudhishthirathejustneversaidanythingtothis.OnthoseoccasionswhenthesonofAmvikawentonpleasureexcursions,theKurukingYudhishthiraofgreatenergyusedtogivehimeveryarticleofenjoyment.Aralikas,andjuice-makers,andmakersofRagakhandavaswaitedonkingDhritarashtraasbefore.[1]Pandu'sson,collectedcostlyrobesandgarlandsofdiversekindsanddulyofferedthemtoDhritarashtra.Maireyawines,fishofvariouskinds,andsherbetsandhoney,andmanydelightfulkindsoffoodpreparedbymodifications(ofdiversearticles),werecausedtobemadefortheoldkingasinhisdaysofprosperity.ThosekingsofEarthwhocamethereoneafteranother,allusedtowaitupontheoldKurumonarchasbefore.Kunti,andDraupadi,andsheoftheSattwatarace,possessedofgreatfame,andUlupi,thedaughterofthesnakechief,andqueenChitrangada,andthesisterofDhrishtaketu,andthedaughterofJarasandha,--theseandmanyotherladies,Ochiefofmen,usedtowaituponthedaughterofSuvalalikemaidsofallwork.ThatDhritarashtra,whowasdeprivedofallhischildren,mightnotfeelunhappyinanymatter,waswhatYudhishthiraoftensaiduntohisbrotherstosee.Theyalso,ontheirpart,listeningtothesecommandsofgraveimportfromkingYudhishthira,showedparticularobediencetotheoldking.Therewasoneexception,however.ItembracedBhimasena.AllthathadfollowedfromthatmatchatdicewhichhadbeenbroughtaboutbythewickedunderstandingofDhritarashtra,didnotdisappearfromtheheartofthathero.(Herememberedthoseincidentsstill)."'SECTIONII"Vaisampayanasaid,'ThusworshippedbythePandavas,theroyalsoilofAmvikapassedhistimehappilyasbefore,waiteduponandhonouredbytheRishis.ThatperpetuatorofKuru'sraceusedtomakethoseforemostofofferingswhichshouldbegiventotheBrahmanas.TheroyalsonofKuntialwaysplacedthosearticlesunderDhritarashtra'scontrol.DestituteofmaliceaskingYudhishthirawas,hewasalwaysaffectionatetowardshisuncle.Addressinghisbrothersandcouncillors,thekingsaid,'KingDhritarashtrashouldbehonouredbothbymyselfandyouall.He.indeed,isawell-wisherofminewhoisobedienttothecommandsofDhritarashtra.He,ontheotherhand,whobehavesotherwisetowardshim,ismyenemy.Suchamanshouldcertainlybepunishedbyme.OndaysofperformingtheritesordainedforthePitris,asalsointheSraddhasperformedforhissonsandallwell-wishers,thehigh-souledKurukingDhritarashtra,gaveawayuntoBrahmanas,aseachdeserved,asprofusemeasuresofwealthasheliked.KingYudhishthirathejust,andBhima,andArjuna,andthetwins,desirousofdoingwhatwasagreeabletotheoldking,usedtoexecuteallhisorders.Theyalwaystookcarethattheoldkingwhowasafflictedwiththeslaughterofhissonsandgrandsons,--with,thatis,griefcausedbythePandavasthemselves,--mightnotdieofhisgriefIndeed,thePandavasborethemselvestowardshiminsuchawaythatthatKuruheromightnotbedeprivedofthathappinessandallthosearticlesofenjoymentwhichhad
 
beenhiswhilehissonslived.Thefivebrothers,viz.,thesonsofPandu,behavedthemselveseventhustowardsDhritarashtra,livingunderhiscommand.Dhritarashtraalso,seeingthemsohumbleandobedienttohiscommandsandactingtowardshimasdisciplestowardspreceptors,adoptedtheaffectionatebehaviourofapreceptortowardstheminreturn.Gandhari,byperformingthediverseritesoftheSraddhaandmakinggiftsuntoBrahmanasofdiverseobjectsofenjoyment,becamefreedfromthedebtsheowedtoherslainchildren.Thusdidthatforemostofrighteousmen,viz.,kingYudhishthirathejust,possessedofgreatintelligence,alongwithhisbrothers,worshipkingDhritarashtra.'"Vaisampayanacontinued,'Possessedofgreatenergy,thatperpetuatorofKuru'srace,viz.,theoldkingDhritarashtra,couldnotnoticeanyill-willinYudhishthiraSeeingthatthehigh-souledPandavaswereintheobservanceofawiseandrighteousconduct,kingDhritarashtra,thesonofAmvika,becamegratifiedwiththem.Suvala'sdaughter,Gandhari,castingoffallsorrowforher(slain)children,begantoshowgreataffectionforthePandavasasiftheywereherownchildren.Enduedwithgreatenergy,theKurukingYudhishthira,neverdidanythingthatwasdisagreeabletotheroyalsonofVichitraviryya.Ontheotherhand,healwaysbehavedtowardshiminahighlyagreeableway.Whateveracts,graveorlight,weredirectedbykingDhritarashtra,orthehelplessGandharitobedone,wereallaccomplishedwithreverence,Omonarch,bythatslayerofhostileheroes,viz.,thePandavaking.TheoldkingbecamehighlygratifiedwithsuchconductofYudhishthira.Indeed,hewasgrievedattheremembranceofhisownwickedson.Risingeverydayatearlydawn,hepurifiedhimselfandwentthroughhisrecitations,andthenblessedthePandavasbywishingthemvictoryinbattle.MakingtheusualgiftsuntotheBrahmanasandcausingthemtoutterbenedictions,andPouringlibationsonthesacredfire,theoldkingprayedforlonglifetothePandavas.Indeed,thekinghadneverderivedthatgreathappinessfromhisownsonswhichhealwaysderivedfromthesonsofPandu.KingYudhishthiraatthattimebecameasagreeabletotheBrahmanasastotheKshatriyas,andthediversebandsofVaisyasandSudrasofhisrealm.WhateverwrongsweredonetohimbythesonsofDhritarashtra,kingYudhishthira,forgotthemall,andreverencedhisuncle.IfanymandidanythingthatwasnotagreeabletothesonofAmvika,hebecametherebyanobjectofhatredtotheintelligentsonofKunti.Indeed,throughfearofYudhishthira,nobodycouldtalkoftheevildeedsofeitherDuryodhanaorDhritarashtra.BothGandhariandViduraalsoworewellpleasedwiththecapacitythekingAjatasatrushowedforbearingwrongs.Theywere,however,notsopleased,Oslayeroffoes,withBhima.Dharma'sson,Yudhishthira,wastrulyobedienttohisuncle.Bhima,however,atthesightofDhritarashtra,becameverycheerless.Thatslayeroffoes,seeingDharma'ssonreverencingtheoldking,reverencedhimoutwardlywithaveryunwillingheart."'SECTIONIII"Vaisampayanasaid,'ThepeoplewholivedintheKurukingdomfailedtonoticeanyvarianceinthecordialitythatsubsistedbetweenkingYudhishthiraandthefatherofDuryodhana.WhentheKurukingrecollectedhiswickedson,hethencouldnotbutfeelunfriendly,inhisheart,towardsBhima.Bhimasenaalso,Oking,impelledbyaheartthatseemedtobewicked,wasunabletoputupwithkingDhritarashtra.Vrikodarasecretlydidmanyactsthatweredisagreeabletotheoldking.Throughdeceitfulservitorshecausedthecommandsofhisuncletobedisobeyed.Recollectingtheevilcounselsoftheoldkingandsomeactsofhis,

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->