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WhatisNationalLibrary?ExplainindetailtheNationalLibraryofIndia.6NationalLibrary“Anationallibraryisalibraryspecificallyestablishedbythegovernmentofacountrytoserveasthepreeminentrepositoryofinformationforthatcountry.Unlikepubliclibraries,theserarelyallowcitizenstoborrowbooks.Often,theyincludenumerousrare,valuable,orsignificantworks.”Therearewiderdefinitionsofanationallibrary,puttinglessemphasistotherepositorycharacter,securingandpreservingtheheritageandhistoryofanation“Nationallibrariesareusuallynotablefortheirsize,comparedtothatofotherlibrariesinthesamecountry.Somestateswhicharenotindependent,butwhowishtopreservetheirparticularculture,haveestablishedanationallibrarywithalltheattributesofsuchinstitutions,suchaslegaldepositactsandrulesthataddsandhelpsinthecauseofcollectiondevelopment.NationalLibraryhastherighttoreceivethecopiesofmaterialspublishedwithinthenationalterritoryunderthelegaldepositaryactthathelpsthemtoreceiveanddevelopthecollectiontoservetheneedsofthenation.ForegtheNationalLibraryCalcuttareceivestheBookmaterialandNonBookmaterialfromnationalandinternationalpublishersunderthedeliveryofbooksactsatfreeofcostfromIndianPublishersalso,governmentofIndiahascollaborationwithvariousneighboringandforeigncountriesthathelpsinthecollectiondevelopment.ManynationallibrariescooperatewithintheNationalLibrariesSectionoftheInternationalFederationofLibraryAssociationsandInstitutions(IFLA)todiscusstheircommontasks,defineandpromotecommonstandardsandcarryoutprojectshelpingthemtofulfiltheirduties.NationallibrariesofEuropeparticipateinTheEuropeanLibrary.ThisisaserviceofTheConferenceofEuropeanNationalLibrarians(CENL).RoleplayedbytheNationalLibraryinanationLegaldepositandcopyrightNationalbibliographiccontrolStorehouseofpublicandofficialrecordshavingnationalandinternationalimportanceInternationalbibliographiccontrolStorehouseforthenationSupportsthePublicLibrarymovementinthenationSupportstheProfessionalorganizationsinthefieldsoflibraryandinformationscienceTheNationalLibraryofIndiaatBelvedere,CalcuttaisthelargestlibraryinIndiaandIndia'slibraryofpublicrecordandothertypesofpublicationsItisundertheDepartmentofCulture,MinistryofTourism&Culture,GovernmentofIndia.Thelibraryisdesignatedtocollect,disseminateandpreservetheprintedmaterialproducedinIndia.Thelibraryissituatedonthescenic30acre(120,000m²)BelvedereEstate,inKolkata,formerlyCalcuttaCity.TheLibraryisthelargestinIndia,withacollectioninexcessof2.2millionbooks.Beforeindependence,itwastheofficialresidenceofLt.GovernorofBengal.BREIFHISTORY:AftertheindependencetheGovernmentofIndiachangedthenameoftheImperialLibraryastheNationalLibrary,andthecollectionwasshiftedfromTheEsplanadetothepresentBelvedereEstate.OnFebruary1,1953theNationalLibrarywasopenedtothepublic.LOCATION:TheNationalLibraryislocatedattheBelvedereRoadinAlipore,Calcutta.Itisopenduring9am–8pmonallworkingdaysand9.30am–6.00pmonSaturdays,SundaysandGovernmentofIndiaholidays.ACESSTONATIONALLIBRARY:AccesstotheNationalLibrarymainreadingroom(BhashaBhavan)isstrictlycontrolled.ThevisitorsneedtohaveanapprovedReader'spasstoreadinghall.Forthattheyneedtofillinanapplicationform(availableontheNationalLibra
 
rywebsite)andgetitattestedbyaGovernmentGazettedofficer.Thereader'spassesareissuedonlybetween11:00-13:00and15:00-16:00,MondaytoFriday,excludingastringofNationalandStateholidays.NATIONALLIBRARY:StatisticsOver2,270,000booksarethereinthestorehouseoflibrarycoveringthevariousdisciplinesOver86,000mapsarethereinthestorehousecoveringthehistoricalandgeographicalimportanceOver3,200raremanuscriptsarepresentOver45kilometersofshelfspaceReadingroomscanaccommodateover550peopleatatime2.WhatisResourceSharing.Discussitsneedandimportanceinthecontextofmodernlibrary.6Nolibraryisabletosatisfyalltheneedsofitsclientelethus,librarieshastopooltheirresources,ThisgaverisetotheconceptofLibraryCooperationLibraryconsortiumis“agroupoflibrariesthatagreetopooltheirresourcesbyallowingtheuserofeachinstitutionsometypeofaccesstoresourcesofallotherinstitutions”TheconceptisnowknownasResourceSharingwherememberlibrariescooperateonmutualbasis,LibraryCooperationremainedconfinedtointer-libraryloanEveninter-libraryloanwasnotbeingpractisedwidelyandlatesttechnologylikeInternetandotherlocalandnationalnetworkshavefacilitatedresourcesharing.EResourceshavefurtherfacilitatedinformationexchangeThus,EmergenceoflibraryconsortiaisapromisingdevelopmentasAdventofICThasopenedupnewopportunitiesforgreatercooperationamonglibrariesThus,EmergenceofLibraryConsortiaisapromisingdevelopmentforResourceSharingResources,InformationResourcesandResourcessharingLibrarydocumentsarecalledInformationSourcesastheyprovideinformationTheyarealsocalledInformationResourcesButthetermsInformationSourceandInformationResourcearenotinterchangableASourceisonethatmakessomethingavailable,butaResourcehelpsincreatingsomethingnewAsalibrarygeneratesallitsservicesonthebasisofitsinformationsourcestheycanalsobecalledinformationresourcesSolonglibrarieswerehavingprintedresourcesAlongwiththeprintedresources,resourcesareavailableinvariousotherformats,suchasAV,digital,etc.E-resourcesaremorepopularthesedaysbecauseoftheirdistinctadvantagesResourcesharingdoesnotmerelymeanmutualsharingofinformationsourcesamonglibrariesItwillmeanutilizinginformationresourcesofonelibraryforgeneratingservicesofanotherlibraryTheobjectiveofconsortiacanbewidenedtomakethemefficientinstrumentsofsharingofalltypesoflibraryresourcesAvarietyoforganizationalmodelsofconsortiahavebeendeveloped,Atoneendarelooselyaffiliatedbuyingclubsaimingatsharingadiscountedrateofe-journalsanddatabasesAtanotherendaretightlyintegratedorganizationssharingvarietyofresourcesNEEDANDIMPORTANCEOFRESOURCESHARING:Aconsortiumcantakeupfollowingactivitiesforpromotinginformationresourcesharing:InformationResourcesandLibraryResourcesarenotsynonymousLibraryResourcesmayincludeotherresources,besidesinformationresources,likestaffandequipmentThusResourceSharingmaymeansharingofalltheseresourcesforthemutualbenefitoflibrariesandtheirusersInthissenseconnotationofLibraryCooperationandResourceSharingwillbealmostsame
 
Consortiumliterallymeans“temporarycooperationofseveralpowersorlargeintereststoeffectsomecommonpurpose”Libraryconsortiumis“agroupoflibrariesthatagreetopooltheirresourcesbyallowingtheuserofeachinstitutionsometypeofaccesstoresourcesofallotherinstitutions”“Itisacommunityofvaluecreatingentities,generatingvaluethroughanaggregationoflibraryunitswithinandacrossorganizationsConsortiumliterallymeans“temporarycooperationofseveralpowersorlargeintereststoeffectsomecommonpurpose”Libraryconsortiumis“agroupoflibrariesthatagreetopooltheirresourcesbyallowingtheuserofeachinstitutionsometypeofaccesstoresourcesofallotherinstitutions”“Itisacommunityofvaluecreatingentities,generatingvaluethroughanaggregationoflibraryunitswithinandacrossorganizationsConsortiumliterallymeans“temporarycooperationofseveralpowersorlargeintereststoeffectsomecommonpurpose”“Itisacommunityofvaluecreatingentities,generatingvaluethroughanaggregationoflibraryunitswithinandacrossorganizationsThusRESOUCESHARINGINCLUDESCooperativecollectiondevelopmentamongmemberlibrariesCooperativeprocessingofinformationresourcesacquiredthroughconsortiumCreationofvirtuallibrarycoveringallthee-resourcesavailableinmemberlibrariesCompilationofbibliographicaland/orfull-textdatabasesoftheholdingsofthememberlibraries,bothprintandnon-printSharingofinformationresources,bothtraditionalanddigital,ofmemberlibrariesthroughnetworkordocumentdeliveryservice,AllowingreciprocalborrowingbythemembersofalllibrariesoftheconsortiumSupportingmemberlibrariesforsettinginstitutionalrepositories,e-printarchives,electronicthesescollection,etc.DigitizationofvaluableandrarecollectionsofmemberlibrariesavailableinprintedformatandprovidingaccesstosuchmaterialstothemembersofallthelibrariesoftheconsortiumDevelopingcommoninterfacetocatalogues,databasesande-collectionbycreatingportalsCreatinginter-operabilityamongmembersystems,databasesandservicesAconsortiummayalsoshareotherresourcesinthefollowingmanner:Sharingthestoragefacilities,therebyminimizingexpenditureonspacePoolingofexpertmanpowerandpromotingprofessionaldevelopmentAssistmemberlibrariesincreatingITinfrastructureFacilitatingjointpreservationandarchivingactivitiesforprintanddigitalmaterialsInitiatingandsupportingresearchprojectsofcommoninterestCollectivelypromoting,marketingandpublicisingthelibraryservicesSomeothershavebeeninducedtoInspiteofthebenefitsofconsortiaapproachthelibrarycommunityingeneralinIndiaisnotactivelycomingforwardtoadoptitThus,Resourcesharingplaysanimportantroleinthedevelopmentoflibrariesanditsservicestowardstheendusers,thusStepsshouldbetakentomobilizemorelibrariesbymakingthemawareaboutthebenefitsofconsortiaapproachandremovingthebarriersfacedbytheminthisregardInIndiaresourcesharinghasnotyetdevelopedintruesense,NISSAThasbeendismantledDELNETandINFLIBNETarethereBut,theyarenotreachedthetargetusers.Librarynetworks,startedwithmuchfanfarehavenotyetbecomeeffectivevehiclesofresourcesharing,someconsortiahavecomeup,buttheyareyetmostlybuyingclubsStrengtheningandreengineeringofexistingconsortiatomakethemtruevehiclesofresourcesharingandnotmerelysharingofe-journals

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