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Published by: vandyketim746 on Dec 04, 2008
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02/01/2013

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Y
P R O T E G T E IIM U B E
he air-to-surface
b a ttle o f1 9 9 1 d e m o n s tra te d
o n c e a g a in

th at am ong postm odern strategies of appearance, none is as effective as the sim ulation that there really is softw are. U n tilth e p ro o ft o the contrary on the field of com bat-w here

c o m p u te rs

unam biguously revealed them selves as hardw are for th e destruction of Iraqi hardw are (as durable goods ares t i l l called in everyday English)-advertising brochures and m edia conferences spread the fa iry ta le o f a d e v e lo p m e n t o f s o ftw a re th a t w o u ld b e c o m e in c re a s - in g ly m o r e in n o c u o u s a n d u s e r-frie n d ly , m o r e s p iritu a l a n d in te lli- g e n t,u n tilo n e d a y in th e n o ts o d is ta n tf u t u r e i t w o u ld e ffe c tiv e ly le a dt o G erm an idealism -that

is, it w ould becom e hum an.
A n d th a t is w h y s o ftw a re , th e b illio n -d o lla r e n te rp ris e o u t o f o n e
o f th e cheapest elem entsonE a rth , m akes every attem ptto prevent
th e aforenam ed hum ans from

e v e r e v e n c o m in g in to c o n ta c t w ith the corresponding hardw are. W ith W ord5 .0o n a no-nam eA T3 8 6 and (as ones o nicely says) under the operating system M icrosoft

D O S 3 .3 , o n ec a n w rite entire essays o n precisely these three entities
without even
s u s p e c tin g
th e
s tra te g y
o f
a p p e a ra n c e .
F o r
o n e
w rites-th e
\u2018u n d e r\u2019 sa y si ta l r e a d y - a sa su b je c tor u n d e rlin go f th e
M ic ro so ft C o rp o ra tio n .

This worm\u2019s-eyev ie w did not always prevail. In the good old days w hen m icroprocessor pins w eres t i l l b ig e n o u g h fo r s im p les o l- dering irons, even fiterary critin couldd o w hatever they w ished w ith In te l\u2019s8 0 8 6 P ro c e s s o r. E v e n s ta n d a rd c h ip s , w h ic h a t th a t tim e s till required one hundred th irty th ree cycles fo r th e m u ltip lic a tio n o f a s in g le w h o le n u m b e r, c o u ld b e ra is e dt o the processing speedo f p rim itiv e s ig n a l p ro c e s s o rs th ro u g h a v a rie tyo f s tra te g ie s : n o t d if- fe re n tia tin g b e tw e e nR A M

and RO M , misusing both of the stack
P
r o te c te d
M
o d e

re g is te rs a s u n iv e rs a l re g is te rs , a v o id in g a n y in te rru p ts , e m p lo y in g th e w a it-s ta te fo r o th e r th a n its in te n d e d p u rp o s e , a n ds o o n . T h e sil- icon chip, w hich w as as stupid as the hobbyist and user, could accom - m odate all of this because th e V on N eum ann architecture recognizes n o difference betw een com m ands and data. In o rd ert og e ta p ro g ra m

t o run, the user had t ofirst fo rg e t e v e ry th in g p e rta in in g to m a th e -

m a tic a l e le g a n c eo ra c lo s e d s o lu tio n th a ts t i l l h a u n te d h is m in d f r o m his school-days. H e even forgot his ten fingers, and translated all decim al num bers that w ould play a part in th e pro,gram

in to m o n o t-

o n o u s c o lu m n s o f b in a ry d ig its .A sa result, h e forgot th e im m ediacy of the task as such and pored over data sheets in o rd ert o translate th e com m andsIN ,O U T ,e tc . (a lre a d y fo rm u la te d in E n g lis h , o f c o u rs e ), into their op-codes. T his is an activity that only A lan M athison T u rin g -w h e n

h e fin a lly h a d h is u n iv e rs a l d is c re te m a c h in eo f1 9 3 6
a t h is te c h n ic a l d is p o s itio n o n e W o r l d W a r la te r-is

saidt o have pre- ferred over all m nem onic aids and higher program m ing languages.\u2019 B u t o n c e th is e x p u ls io no f spirit and language w as com pleted, the m a c h in e \u2019s s tu p id ity e q u a lle d th a to fi t su s e r .

T o b es u r e , th is s o -c a lle d m a c h in e la n g u a g er a na m illio n tim e s
faster than the pencil w ith w hich the user had pieced together the
zeros and ones from

In te l\u2019s d a ta s h e e ts .T o be sure, th e flip-flops w h o s e in fin ite ly re p e a te d p a tte rn c o v e rs th e s ilic o n c h ipto o k up a m illio n tim e s le ss s p a c e th a n o n p a p e r. B u t w ith th a t, th e d iffe re n c e s between com puters and paper m achines, as Turing had renam ed h u m a n ity ,\u2019 w e re a ls o a lre a d y fu lly a c c o u n te d fo r.

Those good
o ld
tim es are gone forever. In
th e

m e a n tim e , th ro u g h th e u se o f k e y w o rd s lik e u se r-in te rfa c e , u se r-frie n d lin e sso r e v e n d a ta p ro te c tio n , th e in d u s try h a s d a m n e d h u m a n ityt o re m a in h u m a n . P o s s ib le m u ta tio n s o f th is h u m a n ity in to p a p e r m a c h in e s a r e o b s tru c te d b y m u ltip le m a lic io u s m cks. F irst o f all, M icrosoft\u2019s u ser d a ta s h e e ts s w itc h e d o v e rt o designating th e A ssem bler gram m alogue a s th e m a x im u m

dem ando r m a c h in e a p p ro x im a tio n th a t w o u ld b e
g ra n te d , m e a n in g th a t o p -c o d e s w o u ld n o lo n g e r b e m a d e p ~ b l i c . ~

S e c o n d ly , th e p e r tin e n t in d u s try p u b lic a tio n s \u201c a s s u re u s th a t e v e n under the best circum stances, one w ould quickly go crazy from pro- g ra m m in g in m a c h in e l a n g ~ a g e . \u201d ~

Thirdly, and lastly, these sam e
p u b lic a tio n s a lre a d y c o n s id e ri tcrim inal\u2018 t o
w rite a p ro c e d u re fo r th e
c a lc u la tio n o f s in e in A s s e m b le r, o f a ll th in g s .\u201d \u2019
F
r i r d r i r b
K
i t t l r t

A t th e risko f h a v in g a lre a d y g o n ec r a z y lo n g a g o , th e o n ly th in g o n e c a n d e d u c e fro m a ll o f th is is th a t s o ftw a re h a s o b v io u s ly g a in e d in user-friendliness asi tm o r e c lo s e ly a p p ro x im a te s t h e c ry p to lo g ic a l id e a l o f th e o n e -w a y fu n c tio n ? T h e h ig h e r a n d m o re e ffo rtle ss th e program m ing languages, th e m ore insurm ountable th e gap betw een those languagesand a hardw are thats till c o n tin u e st o d o a ll o f t h e w o rk . T h i s is a tre n d th a t p ro b a b ly c a n n o tb ea d e q u a te ly e x p la in e d e i t h e r through technical advanceso r th ro u g h th e fo rm a litie s of a th e o ryo f m o d e ls , b u t ra th e r, lik e a ll c ry p to lo g y , h a s s tra te g ic fu n c tio n s . W h ile o n t h e o n e h a n d i t re m a in s p o s s ib le in p rin c ip let o w rite u ser-so ftw are o r c r y p to g r a m s w ith a k n o w le d g e o f c o d e s o r a lg o rith m s , o n t h e other and user-friendly concealed hand

i t is b y n o w

im p o ssib let o decipher th e product specificationsof the finished product o r event o c h a n g e th e s e s p e c ific a tio n s . T h e u s e rs fa ll v ic tim

t oa m a lic io u s
m a th e m a tic a l tric k th a t H a rtle y , o n e -tim e h e a d o f B e ll L a b s ,i ss a i d
t o have already instituted w hile in th e slum po f old-age-the
fact th a t
o n ec a n n o lo n g e r e x a m in e t h e o p e ra n d s o f m a n yo f th e o p e ra tio n s .\u2019
T h e sum hides the addends, th e product the factors, ands of o r t h .

T h i s m a th e m a tic a l m c k is id e a lly s u ite dt o s o ftw a re . I n a n e ra that has long since abandoned the phantom so f c re a to rso r authors, b u t w h ic h th ro u g h c o p y rig h t p a s s io n a te ly h o ld s o nt os u c h h is to ric a l ghosts for strong financial reasons, th e m c k becom es a goldm ine. In any case, the subjects of the M icrosoft C orporation did n o t sim ply f a ll fro mt h es k y , b u t firs t h a dt ob e p ro d u c e d lik e a llo f th e ir m e d ia - historical predecessors-the

re a d e rs o f b o o k s, film
a u d ie n c e s a n d
T Vv ie w e rs. T h e o n ly p ro b le m n o wi s h o w th e ir s u b ju g a tio n c a nb e
h id d e n
fro m
the subjects in order that they fall in step w ith
th e
g lo b a l triu m p h a l m a rc h .

I n t h e d o m a in o f th e p o litic s o f k n o w le d g e , th e a n s w e r fo llo w s a proven recipe for the success of m odern dem ocracies, w hile in the te c h n ic a l a re n ai thas changed the hardw are of the m icroprocessors them selves.A s c o n c e rn s t h e p o litic so f k n o w le d g e , p e rh a p s o n ly S iem ens\u2019 engineers cante ll it lik ei t is, as K lau s-D ieter T h ie s d id in th e8 0 186-H undbrrcb:

T o d a y \u2018s
m odem 16-bit m icro-processonassum e in increasing am ounts
ta s k s t h a ta rea s s ig n e d t o c la s s ic m in ito m p u te r s inth e ty p ic a l
a p p lic a tio n ra n g e . T h u s in m u lti-u s e r s y s te m s , iti s n e c e s s a ry th a tt h e
p ro g ra m sa n dd a tao f in d iv id u a lusers a re is o la te d , ju s ta st h e o p e ra tin g
1 5 8

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