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Ancient Tree Guide 4 - What are ancient, veteran and other trees of special interest?

Ancient Tree Guide 4 - What are ancient, veteran and other trees of special interest?

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Published by woodlandtrust
A short leaflet to help identify trees of special interest and their characteristics
A short leaflet to help identify trees of special interest and their characteristics

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: woodlandtrust on Mar 23, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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03/23/2012

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Cdqejm chd ehak|gctekh kh chjemht chd qmtm|ch t|mmz0
 vvv(chjemht't|mm'ak|}g(k|f(}i 
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 vvv(ChjemhtT|mmB}ht(k|f(}i 
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Ehak|gctekh clk}t bm|etcfm t|mmz0
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Qmtm|ch t|mmz0 C f}edm tk fkkd gchcfmgmht 
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 vvv(hct}|comhfochd(k|f(}i 
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Tbm C|lk|ej}ot}|co @k}|hco <1 ":%(Bcggkhd/ ^( ! Vcoo/ T( mdz "3555%
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Mhfoezb Hct}|mGclmu/ \( "352>%
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Tbme| zbc~mz/ tbme| l}||z chd l|chjb zt}g~z chd |kktztkjizc|m c oeqehf |mjk|d ka vbct bcz bc~~mhmd tk tbmg beztk|ejcoou( Eh tbme| gct}|etu t|mmz c|m zk mtjbmd vetb mr~m|emhjm tbct tbmu lmjkgm|mjkfhezclom hkt `}zt cz z~mjemz l}t cz ehdeqed}coz chd tbmh umt chktbm| iehd ka f|ceh lmfehz tk dmqmok~ ‚ tbm cjj}g}octehf ocum|z ka gutbchd caamjtekh tbct fctbm| |k}hd chjemht t|mmz(
\ejbc|d Gclmu "352>%
Tbez omc﬌mt ez tbm ak}|tb eh c zm|emz clk}t chjemhtt|mmz0
 Chjemht T|mm F}edm hk(30 T|mmz chd Ac|gehf( Chjemht T|mm F}edm hk(<0 T|mmz eh Beztk|ej ^c|iz chd Ochdzjc~m Fc|dmhz( Chjemht T|mm F}edm hk(:0 T|mmz chd Dmqmok~gmht(
Tbmu c|m cqceoclom a|kg tbm Vkkdochd T|}zt k|jch lm dkvhokcdmd "cz c ~da ffiom% eh Mhfoezb chdVmozb a|kg vvv(chjemht't|mm'ak|}g(k|f(}i(Gcm―| dca omh bkh c| fcmo uh Fug|cmf amo ~da k vmach(
 
T|mmz ka z~mjeco ehtm|mzt
Cj|kzz tbm ]I tbm|m c|m gchu z~mjeco t|mmz( Tbmu gcu lm k}tztchdehf lmjc}zm tbmu c|m kod/ ~|kqedmeg~k|tcht bcletct/ c|m tbm leffmzt ka tbme| z~mjemz/c|m oehimd vetb ch eg~k|tcht beztk|ej mqmht k| bcqmzkgm mrjm~tekhco j}ot}|co zefheaejchjm( Katmh et ezklqek}z vbu tbmu c|m zk z~mjeco ‚ tbme| c~~mc|chjm ezzk k}t ka tbm k|dehc|u k| tbme| bm|etcfm qco}m ez zkokhf mztcloezbmd( Bkvmqm|/ tbm|m c|m je|j}gztchjmz vbmh vm vcht tk gcim et clzko}tmou jomc| tbct c t|mmbcz z~mjeco ehtm|mzt( Tbez ez vbmh vm hmmd tk lm clomtk dmzj|elm vbct vm gmch lu tbm tm|gz0• Chjemht k| cfmd• Qmtm|ch• Bm|etcfm• Jbcg~ekh• Hktclom
Vbk ez tbez f}edm ak|;
Tbez f}edm ez ehtmhdmd tk bmo~ ~mk~om |mjkfhezm t|mmztbct bcqm z~mjeco ehtm|mzt chd tk bmo~ `}zteau vbu ct|mm "k| f|k}~ ka t|mmz% ztchdz k}t a|kg ktbm|z ka tbmzcgm z~mjemz( Zkgmtegmz et ez eg~k|tcht tbct tbme|z~mjeaej s}coetemz jch lm jomc|ou |mjkfhezmd/ zk tbmu jch lm ~|k~m|ou ~|ktmjtmd chd gchcfmd(Tbm f}edm ez ehtmhdmd ak| chukhm vbk ez ehtm|mztmd ehtbm vkhdm|a}o vk|od ka tbmzm |mgc|iclom t|mmz( Et ezak| tbkzm ehqkoqmd eh t|mm ~|ktmjtekh/ z~mjecoeztz chdcgctm}|z/ v|etm|z/ ochdzjc~m beztk|echz chdc|jbcmkokfeztz/ |mjk|dm|z chd kvhm|z/ jbeod|mh chdcd}otz9 eh acjt chukhm(
 ChjemhtT|mm F}edm hk(40Vbct ez ch chjemht t|mm; ChjemhtT|mm F}edm hk(40Vbct ez ch chjemht t|mm; 
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Vbct ez ch chjemht t|mm;
Ch chjemht t|mm ez khm tbct bcz ~czzmd lmukhdgct}|etu chd ez kod/ k| cfmd/ eh jkg~c|ezkh vetbktbm| t|mmz ka tbm zcgm z~mjemz( Etz jchk~u gcu lmzgcoo( Et veoo ~|klclou bcqm c qm|u vedm t|}hi |mocteqmtk ktbm| t|mmz ka tbm zcgm z~mjemz chd et ez qm|u oeimou tbct et veoo lm bkookv( Tbmzm amct}|mz c|m hkt czefh tbct tbm t|mm ez clk}t tk dem( Eh acjt/ mqmh eh tbezchjemht ztcfm tbm t|mm gcu ztcu coeqm chd bmcotbu ak|gchu dmjcdmz chd katmh jmht}|emz( Coo tbmzmjbc|cjtm|eztejz c|m }zmd tk bmo~ edmhteau c t|}ou chjemht t|mm( Bkvmqm|/ chjemht t|mmz f|kv eh zk gchu deaam|mht mhqe|khgmhtz chd bcqm lmmh ehao}mhjmd lu zk gchu acjtk|z kqm| tbme| okhf oeqmz tbct tbmu gcu hkt covcuz bcqm oc|fm fe|tbz(Tbm kodm| tbm t|mm tbm gk|m qco}clom et lmjkgmz(Duehf chjemht t|mmz gcu mhd}|m ak| gchu dmjcdmzchd lu zteoo lmehf ~|mzmht eh tbm ochdzjc~m jkhteh}mtbm lekokfejco/ beztk|ejco k| j}ot}|co jkhhmjtekh/ cz vmoo cz ~|kqedehf qm|u qco}clom bcletct ak| veodoeam(
Chjemht t|mmz ‚ tbm cfmehf ~|kjmzz
Gkzt ~mk~om vk}od tbehi tbct t|mmz imm~ f|kvehftcoom| chd tcoom|/ l}t chjemht t|mmz ~|kqm }z v|khf(Mqmh tbk}fb tbm j|kvhz ka chjemht t|mmz jkhteh}m tklm qm|u g}jb coeqm/ tbmu lmjkgm zgcoom|/ d}m tkf|cd}co demlcji chd l|chjb okzz( Tbez ztc|tz tk kjj}|catm| tbm t|mm bcz ~czzmd etz ~mci ka gct}|etu chd ez chct}|co ~|kjmzz eh vbejb tbm c|mc ka akoecfm chd tbm|kkt zuztmg c|m |mlcochjmd vetb mcjb ktbm|( Tbez~|kjmzz ez ihkvh cz j|kvh |mt|mhjbgmht chd ezzkgmtegmz cozk dmzj|elmd cz ‒f|kvehf dkvhvc|dz―(Eh zkgm jkheam| z~mjemz aocttmhehf chd l|kcdmhehf ka tbm j|kvh gcu lm tbm khou ehdejctekh ka |mt|mhjbgmht( Dmcd/ l|kimh/ okvm| l|chjbmz gcu cozk |mgceh cttcjbmd tk tbm t|}hi d}m tk tbmd}|cleoetu ka tbm vkkd(C zgcoo j|kvh chd c vedm t|}hi cookvz c t|mm tk vetbztchd befb vehdz chd cqked lmehf }~|kktmd(Jkheam|z gcu cozk dmqmok~ gchu hmv g}ote~om ztmgzakookvehf ztk|g k| oefbthehf dcgcfm/ |mz}otehf eh tbmc~~mc|chjm ka c aocttmhmd }~~m| j|kvh(Bkookvehf ka tbm t|}hi cz c t|mm cfmz ez mhte|mou hk|gco chd ez hkt c zefh ka eoo bmcotb( Et ez tbmdmcdvkkd eh tbm jmht|m ka tbm t|mm tbct ez zokvou dmjcumd lu a}hfe vbejb |c|mou/ ea ct coo/ jkokhezm tbmoeqehf zc~vkkd( Tbm bkookvehf ka tbm t|}hi "chd tbmzbmddehf chd dmjcu ka dmcd l|chjbmz czzkjectmd vetb|mt|mhjbgmht% gcu bmo~ tbm t|mm tk oeqm ak| okhfm|/lu |momczehf gehm|coz tbct vm|m ‒okjimd }~― eh tbm vkkd zk tbmu c|m cqceoclom ak| tbm t|mm tk |m'}zm(Et gcu tcim zmqm|co b}hd|md umc|z ak| tbez z~mjecobcletct tk lm j|mctmd chd lm z}etclom ak| gchu |c|mchd z~mjecoezmd a}hfe chd chegcoz( Tbm dmjcuehf vkkd ka ch chjemht t|mm ez khm ka tbm gkzteg~k|tcht bcletctz tbct mrezt eh M}|k~m chd tbm|mak|met ez qetco tk jkhzm|qm coo k}| chjemht t|mmz(
A|chjmz Ieoqm|t kh chjemht t|mmz ct Gkjjcz ^c|i/ 3261
(((tbkzm f|mu/ fhc|omd/ okv l|kvmd/ ihkji ihmmd/ lmht/b}fm/ zt|chfm/ okhf c|gmd/ dmak|gmd/ b}hjblcjimd/gezzbc~mh kci gmh tbct ztchd cvcetehf chd vctjbehfjmht}|u catm| jmht}|u(
Chjemht kci vetb c j|kvh vbejb ez `}zt ztc|tehf tk |mt|mhjbTbm chjemht ~bczm gcu lm tbm okhfmzt ~bczm eh tbm t|mm―z oeam chd tbm gkzt qco}clom ak| czzkjectmd veodoeam
     C    h     d    |    m    v     J    k    v    c    h
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Bkv kod ez et;
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 ChjemhtT|mm F}edm hk(40Vbct ez ch chjemht t|mm; ChjemhtT|mm F}edm hk(40Vbct ez ch chjemht t|mm; 
4=
Imu jbc|cjtm|eztejz* ka ch chjemht t|mm
J|kvh‒f|kvehf dkvhvc|dz― k| aocttmhehf"eh jkheam|z% tb|k}fb tbm cfmehf ~|kjmzz
C oc|fm fe|tb lu jkg~c|ezkh vetb ktbm| t|mmz ka tbm zcgmz~mjemz ‚ "et gcu bcqm c zgcoom| fe|tb ea et ez f|kvehf eh~kk| jkhdetekhz k| ez c ~kooc|d%
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A|}et lkdemz ka bmc|t'|kt a}hfe
Jcqetemz "mf vbm|m l|chjbmz bcqm l|kimh cvcu%/ zc~ |}hzk| hct}|coou ak|gehf vctm| ~kkoz eh l|chjb bkookvz
\k}fbm| k| gk|m j|mqejmd lc|i 
Ch ‒kod― okki vbejb bcz befb cmztbmtej c~~mco
Cm|eco |kktz f|kvehf dkvh ehtk tbm dmjcuehf t|}hi k|l|chjbmz
*Tbm gk|m ka tbmzm c t|mm bcz/ tbm gk|m oeimou et ez tk lm chjemht(
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T|mm z~mjemzFe|tb "g%3 < : 4 = 1 6 2 5 3> 33 3< 3: 34 3=
Qm|u chjemhtChjemhtQmtm|ch+hktclomOkjcoou hktclom
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Vbct ez c qmtm|ch t|mm;
Qmtm|ch ez c tm|g dmzj|elehf c t|mm vetb bcletctamct}|mz z}jb cz vk}hdz k| dmjcu( Tbm tm|gz chjemhtchd qmtm|ch bcqm lmmh }zmd ehtm|jbchfmclou eh tbm~czt/ bkvmqm|/ et ez eg~k|tcht tk ihkv vbct tbmdeaam|mhjmz lmtvmmh tbmg( C qmtm|ch t|mm ez cz}|qeqk| tbct bcz dmqmok~md zkgm ka tbm amct}|mzak}hd kh ch chjemht t|mm/ hkt hmjmzzc|eou cz cjkhzms}mhjm ka tegm/ l}t ka etz oeam k| mhqe|khgmht(Chjemht qmtm|chz c|m chjemht t|mmz/ hkt coo qmtm|chzc|m kod mhk}fb tk lm chjemht( C qmtm|ch gcu lm c uk}hf t|mm vetb c |mocteqmou zgcoo fe|tb eh jkht|czttk ch chjemht t|mm/ l}t lmc|ehf tbm ‒zjc|z― ka cfm z}jbcz dmjcu eh tbm t|}hi/ l|chjbmz k| |kktz/ a}hfcoa|}etehf lkdemz/ k| dmcd vkkd( Tbmzm qmtm|chamct}|mz veoo zteoo ~|kqedm veodoeam bcletct(Tbmzm bcletct amct}|mz tu~ejcoou ztc|t tk c~~mc| eh tbmgct}|m/ ~|m'chjemht ztcfm chd cozk eh t|cdetekhco ~kooc|dz(
Cjjmom|ctehf tbm cfmehf jokji 
Zt|mzz "mf a|kg d|k}fbt% chd ~buzejco dcgcfm "mfa|kg oefbthehf% gcu cozk j|mctm qmtm|ch amct}|mz/cotbk}fb vbm|m et zefheaejchtou |md}jmz tbm oeammr~mjtchju ka tbm t|mm/ et veoo khou ~|kqedm zbk|t'oeqmd bcletct qco}m( J}oteqctekh tkk jokzm tk tbm t|mm/dcgcfm a|kg jkhzt|}jtekh chd t|mhjbehf vk|i tkzt|mmt t|mmz c|m c jkggkh jc}zm ka |kkt dcgcfm(Tbmu jch katmh omcd tk dem'lcji eh tbm j|kvh j|mctehfoktz ka dmcd l|chjbmz/ vbejb gcu omcd tk |c~eddmjoehm chd dmctb lmak|m tbm jkg~omr bcletctz vbejbjbc|cjtm|ezm qmtm|chz bcqm c jbchjm tk dmqmok~(Tbm|m ez ch eg~k|tcht deztehjtekh lmtvmmh|mt|mhjbgmht chd t|mmz c~~mc|ehf tk dem lcji a|kgzm|ek}z dezmczm k| vk}hdehf dcgcfm( Ea c t|mm ez}hdm|fkehf hct}|co |mt|mhjbgmht/ ehdeqed}co l|chjbmzc|m zbmd k| dem lcji l}t tbm |mgcehdm| ka tbm j|kvhjkhteh}mz tk aok}|ezb chd |mgceh bmcotbu( Tbez gcu bc~~mh kh gchu kjjczekhz/ chd katmh omcdz tkdmqmok~gmht ka chktbm| j|kvh "em |mzmttehf tbm cfmjokji%( Ea/ bkvmqm|/ tbm t|mm ez eh zm|ek}z dmjoehm k|clk}t tk dem/ tbm mhte|m j|kvh okkiz tbeh k| ~com chd~|kf|mzzeqmou demz lcji( Eh uk}hfm| t|mmz dem'lcji ezkatmh czzkjectmd vetb gczzeqm eh`}|u k| zt|mzz(
Hkt coo qmtm|chz c|m chjemht0 c tehu qmtm|ch lmmjb t|mm
Imu bcletct amct}|mz ka c qmtm|ch t|mm0
Mqedmhjm ka dmjcu ~|kjmzzmz/ z}jb cz bkookvehf ehtbm t|}hi/ a|}et lkdemz ka a}hfe ihkvh tk jc}zmvkkd dmjcu chd jcqetemz k| |kt bkomz "mf vbm|moeglz bcqm l|kimh kaa k| lc|i ez dcgcfmd%(
Zefheaejcht cgk}htz ka dmcd vkkd0 gchu dmcd oeglzk| l|chjbmz "oc|fm| tbch <>jg eh decgmtm|% eh tbmj|kvh k| acoomh(
Ch chjemht c~~om t|mm/ hkt qm|u oc|fm l}t dmaehetmou kod ak| etz z~mjemz
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Vk|iehf k}t tbm ztcfm eh oeam c t|mm bcz |mcjbmdjkgmz a|kg ~|cjtejm chd hkt a|kg lkkiz(
Qmtm|ch t|mmz

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