The researchers both act and seek to learn from the actions taken.The subject of action research is the actions taken, the change, andthe theory of change that is held by the persons enacting thechange. While the design of action research can originate with anindividual, social actions taken without the collaborativeparticipation of others are often less effective. To be successful, theaction researchers have to plan in such a way as to draw an everwidening group of stakeholders into the arena of action. The goal isto work towards a better understanding of their situation in order toaffect a positive personal and social change.This form of research then is an iterative, cyclical process of reflecting on practice, taking an action, reflecting, and takingfurther action. Therefore, the research takes shape as it is beingperformed. Better understanding from each cycle points the way toimproved actions.
Goals of Action Research include:
The improvement of practice through continual learning andprogressive problem solving;
A deep understanding of practice and the development of awell specified theory of action;
An improvement in the community in which your practice isembedded through participatory research.Action research as a method is scientific in that it changessomething and observes the effects through a systematic process of examining the evidence. The results of this type of research arepractical, relevant, and can inform theory. Action Research isdifferent than other forms of research as there is less concern foruniversality of the finding and more value placed on the relevanceof the findings to the researcher and the local collaborators. Criticalreflection is at the heart of Action Research and when this reflectionis based on careful examination of evidence from multipleperspectives, it can provide an effective strategy for improving theorganization's ways of working and the whole organizationalclimate. It can be the process through which an organization learns.
Developing Action Research Questions: A Guide toProgressive Inquiry
The questions a researcher asks can guide their process. A goodquestion will inspire one to look closely and collect evidence that willhelp find possible answers.What are good examples of action research questions? What arequestions that are less likely to promote the process of inquiry that