presented to the University of Waterloo
in ful\ufb01llment of the
thesis requirement for the degree of
I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of the thesis, including any required \ufb01nal revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public.
In this thesis, we study various aspects of physics in higher-dimensional manifolds involving a single extra dimension. After giving some historical perspective on the motivation for studying higher-dimensional theories of physics, we describe classical tests for a non-compact extra dimension uti- lizing test particles and pointlike gyroscopes. We then turn our attention to the problem of embedding any givenn-dimensional spacetime within an (n + 1)-dimensional manifold, paying special attention to how any struc- ture from the extra dimension modi\ufb01es the standardn-dimensional Einstein equations. Using results derived from this investigation and the formalism derived for test particles and gyroscopes, we systematically introduce three speci\ufb01c higher-dimensional models and classify their properties; including the Space-Time-Matter and two types of braneworld models. The remain- der of the thesis concentrates on speci\ufb01c higher-dimensional cosmological models drawn from the above mentioned scenarios; including an analysis of the embedding of Friedmann-Lema\u02c6\u0131tre-Robertson-Walker submanifolds in 5-dimensional Minkowski and topological Schwarzschild spaces, and an in- vestigation of the dynamics of ad-brane that takes the form of a thin shell encircling a (d + 2)-dimensional topological black hole in anti-deSitter space. The latter is derived from a \ufb01nite-dimensional action principle, which allows us to consider the canonical quantization of the model and the solutions of the resulting Wheeler-DeWitt equation.
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