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Los Angeles Abrasion Test

Los Angeles Abrasion Test

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Published by Aisyah Ibrahim

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Published by: Aisyah Ibrahim on Mar 24, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/10/2013

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Los Angeles Abrasion Test (ASTM C131)1.ObjectiveTo ascertain the degradation of aggregates by abrasion and impact.2.IntroductionThe Los Angeles (L.A.) abrasion test is a common test method used to indicateaggregate toughness and abrasion characteristics. Aggregate abrasion characteristics areimportant because the constituent aggregate in HMA must resist crushing, degradation anddisintegration in order to produce a high quality HMA. The standard L.A. abrasion testsubjects a coarse aggregate sample (retained on the No. 12 (1.70 mm) sieve) to abrasion,impact, and grinding in a rotating steel drum containing a specified number of steelspheres.After being subjected to the rotating drum, the weight of aggregate that is retained on a No.12 (1.70 mm) sieve is subtracted from the original weight to obtain a percentage of the totalaggregate weight that has broken down and passed through the No. 12 (1.70 mm) sieve.Therefore, an L.A. abrasion loss value of 40 indicates that 40% of the original sample passed through the No. 12 (1.70 mm) sieve.The standard Los Angeles abrasion test is:
AASHTO T 96 or ASTM C 131: Resistance to Degradation of Small-Size CoarseAggregate by Abrasion and Impact in the Los Angeles Machine1
 
3.ApparatusFigure 3.1: Los Angeles Abrasion machine (Plate 2)Figure 3.2: Sieves (19mm, 12.5mm, 9.5mm, 1.7mm and Pan) Figure 3.3: Sieve Shaker (Plate 3) Figure 3.4: Electronic Balance(accurate to 0.01g)2
 
4.Methodologya.Sample are weight up to 2500g for every size; 14 – 12.5mm and 12.5 – 9.5mm b.Samples are placed in Los Angeles Abrasion Machine.c.Eleven steel balls are added in the machine.d.The drum is rotated for about 500 revolutions at 30 – 33 rpm.e.Sample is removed from the drum and sieved on no. 12 sieve after beingrotated.f.The retained sample on the sieved is washed and dried at the temperature o105 to 110ºC.After the sample cool down, weight of the sample are taken.Procedure3

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very useful . Thanks !
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