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3 Fraction

3 Fraction

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Published by: Vikāso Jāyasavālo on Mar 24, 2012
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05/13/2014

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3
FRACTION
l
,',..--_-,',-_',-_,,.!
'---------
._---
----__/
3.1DEFINITION
Anumberofthetypecalleda
fraction.
.r
whichrepresents.rnumberofpartsoutof\numberofequal
r
Its
ofathingis
v
'1
:.Fraction
7
represents2equalpartsoutof7equalpartsofathing.Inthefigure.theshadedpart
.,
represents;7FRACTION
=
Numerator.SuchafractionisknownascommonfractionorvulzarfractionDenominator~Afraction.whosedenominatoris10or100or1000etc.iscalleda
decimalfraction.
Fractionswhosedenominatorsaresame.arecalled
likefractions.
e-.~.
:I
5arelikefractions.
-8'8
Fractionswhosedenominatorsaredifferent.arccalled
unlikefractions,
e.g.
:I
9areunlike
4'
11fractions.
3.1.1ComparisonofFractions
Twoormoredifferentfractionscanbecomparedwiththehelpofthefollowingrules:
Rule
J
Whentwofractionshavethesamedenominator.thegreaterfractionisthatwhichhasthegreaternumerator.
Examplt·:
Thus.
2_
isgreaterthan31111
RuleZ
Whentwofractionshavethesamenumerator,thegreaterfractionisthatwhichhasthesmallerdenominator.
 
3·2
)uantitativeAptitucle
ior
CompetitiveExaminations
77
Exampll':
Thus,isgreaterthan
1319
Rule3
When
[WO
ormorefractionswithdifferentdenominatorsanddifferentnumeratorsare
to
becompared,thenthefollowingsimpletechniqueistobeused:
Step1
Amongall
the
givenfractions,letthemaximumnumberofdigitsinthenumerator
=
II
themaximumnumberofdigitsinthedenominator
=
d
Step2
Find
(d~
11).
Step3
If
(d~
1/)
=
0orI,multiplyeachfractionby
10.
If
(d~
11)
=
2,
3,4...
multiplyeachgivenfractionby10
2
10'.
10~..
respectively.
Step4
Aftermultiplication,findonlytheintegervalueoftheresultantfraction.
Step5
Ifinstep4.anyofthetwofractionshavethesameintegervalue,thenfindthenextdecimalplaceandsoon.
Step6
Comparetheinteger/decimalvaluesobtainedinstep4orstep5.Thefractionhavingthemaximumvalueisthegreatestfraction.
Note:
Inordertowritethegivenfractioninascendingorderthesmallestfractioniswrittenfirst.thenthenextgreateroneandsoon.Inordertowritethegivenfractionindescendingorder.thegreatestfractioniswrittenfirst.thenthenextsmallerandsoon.
E
1
Arr
749387123.
ddid
~xalllp
e:ange...
111
escenmgorcr
13971165'235
I
.~()//Ili(}l/:
Here.maximumno.ofdigitsinthenumerator
11=
3
(in
493
orin
123)
andmaximumno.ofdigitsinthedenominator
=
d
=
3
(in
971
orin
235)
Now.
d~
11
=
3~3
=
0So,multiplythegivenfractionsby
10.
L
x10.493x10.87x10.123x10.139711652355555
(integervalues)Sincetheintegervaluesaresame,so,findthenextdecimaldigitforthesefractions,
5.35.05.25.2
L_-same--!Sineethevalueoftwofractionsaresame.findtheseconddecimaldigitforthesetwofractionsonly,bydividingfurther
5.35.05.275.23.
Now,
5.3
>
5.27
>
5.23
>
5.0787123493
(indescendingorder)
::::}
>>>
13165235971
3.2
FRACTIONALPARTOFANUMBER
Fractionalpartofanumber(orquantity)issimplytheproductoftherelatedfractionandthegivennumber.
 
Fraction3-3
Example:Consideragivennumberas60,then
:.
Two-thirdsof60
=
x60
=
403~-rdof60is40(fractionalpart)3
I
Fractionalpartofanynumber
=
numberxitsrelatedfraction.j
(1)
3.2.1DifferentFractionalPartsoftheSameNumber
Consideranynumber,say,36then
1.
thof36=27(fractionalpartof36)
4
1
hof36
=
4(fractionalpartof36)
9
')
-:rdof36=24(fractionalpartof36)3Fromthis,wefindthatasthefractionchanges.thefractionalpartofthesamenumberalsochanges.Inourearlierexamples.wefindthat
27
4242/3
.=
36(Fixed)
i
I..
"-----+
OriginalnumberInsuchcases,equation(1)canbere-writtenas
3/4
1/9
Anyfractionalnumber
-I'
=
Originalnumberitsrelatedfraction
I,
~I~~
itisfixed.)
(2)
13["ample:Amantravels-thpartbyscooter.-thbvcarandrest48kmbybus.Findthetotaldistance48.covered.
<oluuon:
Here,totaldistance(i.e.originalquantity)istobefoundout.Fractionrelatedtorest48km
=
11-
(±
+~)
r
relatedfractiontototaldistanceLsingtherelation(2)Anyfractionalnumber
=
Originalnumber.itsrelatedfractionHere,wefind,Restdistance
----------------=
totaldistanceitsrelatedfraction

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