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9 Mixtures

9 Mixtures

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Published by: Vikāso Jāyasavālo on Mar 24, 2012
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05/13/2014

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9
Quantityofsmallercos:ingredientQuantityof
larger
cos.ingredientlargercost-MeancostMeancost-Smallercost
9.1DEFINITION
Mixturesaregenerallyoftwotypes.Whentwodifferent
ingredients
aremixedtogether,
it
isknownas
simplemixture,
e.g.amixtureofwaterandmilk;waterandpurespirit.Whentwoormoresimplemixtures(madeofsameingredientsofsameordifferentproportions)aremixedtogethertoformanothermixture,itisknownasa
compoundmixture.
9.2ALLIGATIONRULE
Alligationliterallymeans"linking".The
alligationrule
statesthat,'Whendifferentquantitiesofsameordifferentingredients,ofdifferentcost(value)aremixedtogether
to
produceamixtureofameancost(value),theratiooftheirquantitiesareinverselyproportionaltothedifferencesintheircostfromthemeancost(value),LetC[
=
costpriceof1
st
ingredientC
2
=
costpriceof2
nd
ingredientNow,thesetwoingredientsaremixedtoproduceamixturesuchthat
C
m
=
costpriceofthemixture(meanprice)then,theratioofthequantityoftwoingredientsneededtoproducethismixtureisgivenby:quantityof
pI
ingredientquantityof2
nd
ingredient-
C
m-
C[
DiagramRepresentation
 
9-2-QuantitativeAptitudeforCompetitiveExaminations
(1)
ql
C
2-
C
m
=
q2
C
m-
C
1
9.2.1ToFindtheQuantityofIngredients
in
theMixtureofGivenAmount
(qq21).
romformula
(1),
wehaveobtainedtheratioofingredientsi.e.Now,
if
theamountofthemixture
=
Q,
then,and
(2)
q}
quantityof1
st
ingredientinthemixture
=
x
Q
qj+q2
q2
quantityof2
nd
ingredientinthemixture
=
x
Q
ql
+
q2
Formula2isknownas
Ratio-Quantity
Rule.Example:
In
whatproportionmustagrocermixteassold
@
Rs1.02JkgandRs1.44JkgsoastomakeamixtureworthRs1.26Jkg?
Solution:
AsperAlligationRule,quantityofcheapertea
ql
quantityofdearertea
q2
102~/144
(1.26~
q,/~Jq,
(1.44-1.26)(1.26-1.02).18.24
3
4~proportionoftwokindsofteatobemixed(togetamixtureworthRs1.26Jkg)is3:4.Example:Howmuchsalt(inkg)worth42Pperkgmustamanmixwith25kgofsaltworth24Pperkgsothathemay,onsellingthemixtureat40Pperkg,gain25%ontheoutlay?
(1.44-1.26)(1.26-1.02)
=
Solution:
Here,sellingpriceofthemixturehasbeengiven,butalligationruleisappliedonthecostpriceofmixtureaswellasoncostpriceofingredients.Therefore,costpriceofthemixturehastobefoundoutfirst.Costpriceofthemixture
=
40x100
=
32Pperkg.125By-applyingruleofAlligationnow,quantityofdearersalt
ql
=
quantityofcheapersalt
q2
32-2442-32
84
105
(42-32)32-24)
-
 
Mixtures9-3
eproportionof4:5indicatesthatevery5kgofcheapersalt(24P)istobemixedwith4kg
of
dearert(42P)toproducethemeanmixture(32P).25kgofcheapersalt(given)istobemixedwith20kgofdearersalt(42P).encetherequiredamountofdearersalt(42P)is20kg.
.2.2AlligationRuleforaMixtureofThreeIngredients
enthreeingredientswithcostpricesC
l,
C
z
andC
3
respectivelyaremixedtoformamixtureof~ean.ce(orcostprice)
Cm'
then
ql
=proportionof
I"
ingredient=
(C
z-
Cm)(C
3-
Cm)
q2
=proportionof2
nd
ingredient
=
(Cm-
C
l)(
C
3-
Cm)
q3
=proportionof3
rd
ingredient=
(C
2-
C,,J(Cm-
C
l)
0,
weget
Memorytips
(here,costof
ql
absent)(here,costof
q2
absent)(here,costof
q?>
absent)
ql:
q2:
q3
=
(C
2-
Cm)
x
(C
3-
Cm):(Cm-
C
1)X
(C
3-
Cm):(C
2-
C
II)
x
(Cm-C
1)
(3)
irnilarly,afterfindingouttheproportion,forthedifferentingredients,therequiredquantitiescanbefoundutas:
q,
ql
=
quantityof
l"
ngredient=
x
amountofmixture
(q,+qz+q3)q2
=quantityof2
nd
ingredient=
ql
+
q2
+
q3
x
amountofmixture
q3
=quantityof3
rd
ingredient=
q,
+
q2
+
q3
x
amountofmixture
xample:
InwhatproportionmaythreekindsofcashewnutsworthRs327,Rs329andRs332perkgbe.edtoproduceamixtureworthRs3301kg?
C
1
=Rs327
C
z
=Rs329
C
m
=Rs330C
3
=Rs332singtheformula(2),wehave
q,:q2:q3
=
(C
2-
Cm>(C
3-
Cm):(Cm-C,)(C
3-
Cm):(C
2-
Cn)(Cm-
C
1)
=lx2:3x2:1x3=2:6:3['bisratioofthreekindsofcashewnutscanalsobefoundoutbythefollowingshort-cutmethod.
'ShortCutMethod
Step
1
Placeallthepricesoneunderanotherinorderofmagnitude,theleastoneatthetop.
Step
2
Writethemeanpricetotheleft.
Step
3
Linkthepricesinpairssothatonegreaterpriceandonelesserpricethanmeangotogether.
Step
4
Findthedifferencebetweeneachpriceandmeanpriceandplaceitoppositetothepricewithi','hichitislinked.Thesedifferencesaretheanswer.

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