should dispense justice while taking note of the people's religious sensitivities, and rites. Avoid slaughtering cows in order that you could gain a place in the heart of natives. This will take younearer to the people. Do not demolish or damage places of worship of any faith and dispense full justice to all toensure peace in the country. Islam can better be preached by the sword of love and affection,rather than the sword of tyranny and persecution. Avoid the differences between the Shias and Sunnis. Look at the various characteristics of your people just as characteristics of various
We have to be careful where we take our history from as much of the history of India and theIslamic rule was written by the Orientalists. We do admit that some of the Muslim rulers of Indiamisapplied some of the Islamic rules and committed some injustices. However under their rulethe Indian sub-continent remained part of Dar al-Islam (land of Islam) as the Islamic system wasimplemented. The court records which still exist in some of the major cities show that there wasno other source of law referred to other than the Islamic Shariah. Misapplication does not nullify
a Khalifah‟s rule as well as a Wali‟s (governor) or an Amil‟s (mayor). There are many ahadith
that establish the obligation of obedience to the rulers even if they are oppressive as long as theydo not commit
Kufr Bu‟ah (open disbelief) and implement the Shariah.
Anas b. Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "
Do hear and obey, even if youwere ruled by an Abyssinian slave, whose hair is like the raisin".
In another narration He(saw) said:
"As long as he leads you by the Book of Allah."
Muslim reported from „Auf b. Malik who reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say:
"The best of your Imams are those whom you love and they love you and you pray forthem and they pray for you; and the worst of your Imams are those whom you hate andthey hate you and you curse them and they curse you."
We asked: "O Messenger of Allah,shall we not then declare war on them?" He (saw) said: "
No! As long as they establish prayeramong you. Behold if anyone was ruled by a Wali and saw him committing a sin, let himhate the sin committed against Allah, but let him not withdraw his hand from obedience."
Ahmad and Abu Dawud reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said:
"O Abu Dharr, whatwould you do if some Walis possessed the booty and deprived you of it?"
He said: "By HeWho sent you with the Truth, I would raise my sword and fight until I join you." Upon this he(saw) said:
"Let me tell you something that would be better for you than that. Remainpatient and bear it until you join me."
The fact that India remained as part of the global Khilafah has also been discussed by non-
Muslim authors such as the Hindu author Shashi S. Sharma in his book „Caliphs and Sultans –
Religious ideology and political praxis‟
admits this. He says:
“Throughout its existence the Delhi Sultanate (1205
-1526), remained a legal part of theworldwide Muslim empire functioning under the de jure suzerainty of the Abbasid caliphs.Sultans considered themselves the deputies of the caliph and derived their validity of their administrative and legal authority only on the basis of delegation. Since the supreme authority of