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Immigration Incarceration 2012 - Immigrants Held in Essex County, NJ and Facing Deportation

Immigration Incarceration 2012 - Immigrants Held in Essex County, NJ and Facing Deportation

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Published by Umesh Heendeniya
Immigration Incarceration 2012 - Immigrants Held in Essex County, NJ and Facing Deportation
Immigration Incarceration 2012 - Immigrants Held in Essex County, NJ and Facing Deportation

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Published by: Umesh Heendeniya on Mar 25, 2012
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03/25/2012

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 1
A
UTHORS
:
Semuteh Freeman & Lauren Major
 
Semuteh Freeman and Lauren Major are J.D. Candidates at New York University School ofLaw and are the primary authors of this report. They conducted this work as student advocatesin the Law School’s Immigrant Rights Clinic.
A
CKNOWLEDGMENTS
 
The authors of this report would like to acknowledge all of the detainees, former detainees,and families who had the courage to share their stories with us. We would like to thank the NewJersey Advocates for Immigrant Detainees as well as the Reformed Church of Highland Park forfacilitating the collection of information about conditions and helping us reach detainees whowanted to share their experiences. We also received helpful information from various attorneyswho graciously take on clients in immigration detention pro bono.The authors received very helpful substantive edits from four members of the New JerseyAdvocates for Immigrant Detainees: Amy Gottlieb, Kathy O’Leary, Chia-Chia Wang and KarinaWilkinson. All were very gracious with their time and offered invaluable information for thereport. We would also like to thank Sterling Lee for many of the photographs in this report,including the photograph on the cover, and Prithi Gowda for the cover design.
 
The authors are grateful to Professor Alina Das of the Immigrant Rights Clinic for herencouragement and guidance throughout the writing of the report. Her support was instrumentaland kept us motivated even through the most difficult parts of our research and writing.
A
BOUT THE
N
EW
J
ERSEY
A
DVOCATES FOR
I
MMIGRANT
D
ETAINEES
 
New Jersey Advocates for Immigrant Detainees is an alliance of civic and religiousorganizations (individual participation is also welcome). Its goals include bringing attention to theplight of immigrant detainees in New Jersey jails, working to improve the conditions in thoseinstitutions, and advocating for the reduction and elimination of the use of detention ofimmigrants.
 
Coalition Members include American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) Immigrant RightsProgram; Casa de Esperanza; the Episcopal Immigration Network; Lutheran Office ofGovernmental Ministry in NJ; NJ Association on Correction; NJ Forum for Human Rights; PaxChristi NJ; Middlesex County Coalition for Immigrant Rights; Monmouth County Coalition forImmigrant Rights; People’s Organization for Progress- Bergen County Branch; the ReformedChurch of Highland Park; Sisters of St. Joseph of Chestnut Hill ESL; Unitarian UniversalistCongregation at Montclair; IRATE & First Friends.
A
BOUT THE
NYU
 
S
CHOOL OF
L
AW
I
MMIGRANT
R
IGHTS
C
LINIC
 
The Immigrant Rights Clinic is a leading institution in both local and national struggles forimmigrant rights. Students engage in direct legal representation of immigrants and communityorganizations as well as in immigrant rights campaigns at the local, state, and national level.Students have direct responsibility for all aspects of their cases and projects and the opportunityto build their understanding of legal practice in the field of immigrant rights law and organizing.
 
 
 2
 T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Executive
 
Summary.................................................................................................................3
 
A.
 
Methodology...........................................................................................................................3
 
B.
 
Key
 
Findings..............................................................................................................................4
 
C.
 
Key
 
Recommendations..............................................................................................................5
 
I.
 
A
 
Rapidly
 
Expanding
 
Detention
 
System ...............................................................................7
 
A.
 
Expansion
 
of 
 
Detention:
 
A
 
National
 
Overview...........................................................................7
 
B.
 
Expansion
 
Close
 
to
 
Home:
 
The
 
New
 
Jersey
 
Experience..............................................................8
 
1.
 
Negotiating
 
Away
 
Liberty:
 
Essex
 
County
 
ICE
 
Contract.....................................................................9
 
2.
 
Opposition
 
to
 
the
 
ICE
 
Contract......................................................................................................12
 
II.
 
WHO
 
Is
 
Being
 
Detained?.................................................................................................... 14
 
A.
 
Charge
 
Statistics .....................................................................................................................14
 
B.
 
Exercising
 
Prosecutorial
 
Discretion..........................................................................................15
 
III.
 
HOW
 
Are
 
Immigrant
 
Detainees
 
Being
 
Treated?................................................................ 17
 
A.
 
Misconduct
 
by
 
Guards
 
and
 
Other
 
Staff 
 
at
 
the
 
Facilities...........................................................19
 
B.
 
Inadequate
 
Mental
 
and
 
Physical
 
Health
 
Care..........................................................................20
 
C.
 
Inadequate
 
Access
 
to
 
Healthy
 
Food.........................................................................................23
 
D.
 
Inadequate
 
Access
 
to
 
Drinking
 
Water.....................................................................................24
 
E.
 
Access
 
to
 
Religious
 
Services.....................................................................................................25
 
F.
 
Sanitation,
 
Temperature,
 
Comfort
 
in
 
the
 
Facilities...................................................................26
 
G.
 
Outdoor
 
Access
 
and
 
Recreational
 
Activities............................................................................27
 
H.
 
Visitor
 
Access..........................................................................................................................28
 
I.
 
Phone
 
Calls .............................................................................................................................30
 
IV.
 
WHAT
 
Are
 
Detainees’
 
Rights
 
to
 
Legal
 
Services
 
and
 
Due
 
Process?..................................... 31
 
A.
 
Legal
 
Representation..............................................................................................................31
 
B.
 
Access
 
to
 
Counsel....................................................................................................................32
 
C.
 
Access
 
to
 
Law
 
Library..............................................................................................................33
 
D.
 
Due
 
Process
 
Concerns.............................................................................................................34
 
Conclusion............................................................................................................................. 35
 

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