Foreign Policy of Pakistan Copyright ©www.bhutto.org
of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation,arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements,or other peaceful means of their own choice."These two articles place an obligation on Pakistan, and indeed on all othermembers of the United Nations, to settle their disputes by peaceful means.As a member of the United Nations for the last fifteen years, we have loyallycarried out, in letter and in spirit, the resolutions and directions of the UnitedNations. That being so, we find it superfluous to agree to a "No War Pact"with the Government of India. The Government of India too, as a member of the United Nations, is enjoined by its Charter to settle all disputes bypeaceful procedures. The proposed Pact is, therefore, unnecessary also fromthe point of view of India, that is, if India is sincere in its intentions. -;When we entered into negotiations with the Government of India earlier lastyear for the settlement of the Kashmir dispute, our position was, as italways has been, that the people of Kashmir should exercise their right of self-determination and thus make their own decision as to their futureaffiliation. The Government of India, on the other hand, although earlier on itprofessed belief in it, did not regard that self-determination was theappropriate way of settling the problem. Indeed, they proposed what theycalled "a political settlement". On the eve of the sixth round of the talks, itwas found that the chances for the success of the negotiations were remote.At that juncture, India came forward with its offer of a "No War Pact", whichreally meant that, notwithstanding the absence of a settlement, India wanteda disengagement of forces. If we were to agree to it, it would mean ouraccepting the status quo, which certainly could not be described as anhonourable or equitable solution of the Kashmir problem. There are alsoother dangers in our agreeing to a solution on the basis of the status quo.These I shall now proceed to illustrate.