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Foriegn Policy of Pakistan Hhgg

Foriegn Policy of Pakistan Hhgg

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Published by Asam Sobre

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Published by: Asam Sobre on Mar 26, 2012
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A Compendium of Speeches made in the NationalAssembly of Pakistan1962-64
ByZulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Reproduced in pdf form bySani Panhwar
Foreign Policy of Pakistan Copyright ©www.bhutto.org 
The speeches contained in this volume necessarily relate largely to what isthe most important aspect of Pakistan's foreign policy, namely, this country'srelations with India. Last year, when the President of India, Dr.Radhakrishnan, visited the United States, he was reported to have said thatIndia was prepared to offer a "No War Pact" to Pakistan and to have itregistered with the United Nations. A similar proposal was made by the lateJawaharlal Nehru in 1950 to our Prime Minister, the late Liaquat Ali Khan.This offer was repeated recently on the eve of the breakdown of last year'sKashmir negotiations.Much has been made of this "No War Pact" offer. The President of Indiaproposed that it be registered with the United Nations, implying that suchregistration would give the Pact international validity in law and in moralitywhich it would not otherwise possess. The contempt shown by theGovernment of India for the United Nations' resolutions on Jammu andKashmir make us feel very sceptical about Indian assurances. Pakistan is amember of the United Nations and, as all members of the world organisation,is enjoined by its Charter to resolve international disputes by peacefulmeans. Article II, paragraphs III and IV of the United Nations Charter arerelevant in this respect. Paragraph III of that article states: "All membersshall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a mannerthat international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered."Paragraph IV of the same article states; "All members shall refrain in theirinternational relations from the threat or use of force against the territorialintegrity or political independence of any State, or in any other mannerinconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations." Article 33 of theCharter states: "The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likelyto endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first
Foreign Policy of Pakistan Copyright ©www.bhutto.org 
of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation,arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements,or other peaceful means of their own choice."These two articles place an obligation on Pakistan, and indeed on all othermembers of the United Nations, to settle their disputes by peaceful means.As a member of the United Nations for the last fifteen years, we have loyallycarried out, in letter and in spirit, the resolutions and directions of the UnitedNations. That being so, we find it superfluous to agree to a "No War Pact"with the Government of India. The Government of India too, as a member of the United Nations, is enjoined by its Charter to settle all disputes bypeaceful procedures. The proposed Pact is, therefore, unnecessary also fromthe point of view of India, that is, if India is sincere in its intentions. -;When we entered into negotiations with the Government of India earlier lastyear for the settlement of the Kashmir dispute, our position was, as italways has been, that the people of Kashmir should exercise their right of self-determination and thus make their own decision as to their futureaffiliation. The Government of India, on the other hand, although earlier on itprofessed belief in it, did not regard that self-determination was theappropriate way of settling the problem. Indeed, they proposed what theycalled "a political settlement". On the eve of the sixth round of the talks, itwas found that the chances for the success of the negotiations were remote.At that juncture, India came forward with its offer of a "No War Pact", whichreally meant that, notwithstanding the absence of a settlement, India wanteda disengagement of forces. If we were to agree to it, it would mean ouraccepting the status quo, which certainly could not be described as anhonourable or equitable solution of the Kashmir problem. There are alsoother dangers in our agreeing to a solution on the basis of the status quo.These I shall now proceed to illustrate.

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