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Design for Easy Ship Repair and Survey Doc

Design for Easy Ship Repair and Survey Doc

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Design for easy ship repair and survey by ujjwal
Design for easy ship repair and survey by ujjwal

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Published by: ujjwal kumar vidyarthi on Mar 26, 2012
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Design for ship repair and survey(shiptechnique journal vol: XXV ,2009)
Design for ship repair and survey
K. Sivaprasad Reader, Department of Ship Technology, Cochin University of Science &Technology ,Kochi, Kerala ,IndiaUjjawal Kumar Vidyarthi & Suby chandy Final Year Student ,B.Tech , Naval Architecture & ShipBuilding , Department of Ship Technology Cochin University of Science and Technology , KochiKerala , IndiaEmail Contact:ujjwal.cusat007@gmail.com,
The recent shipbuilding boom has produced unexpected development in almost allshipping and marine technology sector. These include ship operation, new shipbuilding, ship repair andsurveying etc …. In shipping industry acute shortage effective manpower is visible in all trade sectors.The order book of almost all the medium and large building yards is full. The shipbuilding yards and shipdesign offices all over the world are facing it difficult to manage their projects due to unavailability of qualified Naval Architects and Shipbuilding Engineers. The situation in Ship Repair firms is also not verydifferent. The technical institutions which offer Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding courses are alsoaffected very badly as the faculty positions are lying vacant ever since the boom started.In this context, it will be interesting to note the effect of the shipbuilding boom in one of the criticalfields in the entire marine technology sector, i.e. Ship Classification and Survey. Ship classificationsocieties are also affected adversely in the manpower crises. First time in the history of shipclassification and survey, the classification societies are struggling to keep the experienced hullsurveyors with them. Hull surveyors with more than 5 years of solid service are even moving out of classification jobs and they are accepting positions elsewhere in ship design consultancy firms andShipbuilding yards. The present shipbuilding boom is only partly responsible for this situation. A closelook at the profile of ship surveyor’s responsibilities and activities will reveal more information regardingthe present exodus of qualified and experienced Naval Architects. The tough environments in whichsurveyors there routine survey and inspection works, have an important role to play in thisextraordinary phenomenon.In the recent past, there have been significant developments in the shipyard facilities and shipbuildingpolicies, such as general yard infrastructure, shipbuilding techniques and methods, safety practices andenvironment policies which have contributed considerably to the quality of working conditions of theworkforce. Though some of them were implemented as per the guidelines issued by ship classification
Design for ship repair and survey(shiptechnique journal vol: XXV ,2009)
societies, they themselves are yet to get benefit out the same. The surveyors are discharging one of themost critical duties for ensuring smooth international shipping activities in a relatively rough and toughworking conditions .Major area of concerns regarding this include ,1.
Access to surveying.2.
Protection design and safety practices.3.
Frequency of surveys.4.
Maintenance policiesAll these topics can be included in an engineering philosophy frame work;
Design for Ship Repair and Survey 
. The philosophy should be developed into an engineering practice in ship designand naval architecture through which the quality of working condition of surveyor, repair engineers andworkers can be improved substantially. Following discussion topics elaborate the need of such a framework.
Access To Survey And Inspection
Certain areas of ships are located a way that it is difficult to get an access into that for surveyand inspection. Owing to this; some areas of the ship may remain under inspected. Even smalldefects can propagate slowly affecting the operation and life of ship adversely. Following arethe different problem areas in this regard,1.1 Depth of under deck transverse webs, longitudinal, deck side girder etc (especially intanker ships), difficult to raft and do a close up inspection of the under deck structuralarrangement.This problem can be solved by shifting the under deck transverse webs on the maindeck. Doing this does not influence the ships strength adversely .It has been tested andimplemented in chemical tankers and found to very effective. A drawback of this solution isthat the structural arrangement is weather exposed. But from survey point of view it is aneffective solution.1.2
When ships are in dry-dock for repairs, shipyard arrange scaffolding in tanks mainly forcarrying out repairs, it is also used by surveyors. But this process is time consuming andaccessibility is often limited.
Design for ship repair and survey(shiptechnique journal vol: XXV ,2009)
This problem can be taken care of by providing stiffeners or longitudinal whichcontain ladders or hand rails by which surveyors can walk through and inspect theadjoining areas.1.3
Height of double bottom is critical factor for surveying. Low height inhibits humanentrance. Apart from the access problem inadequacy of light and oxygen are also to betaken into account.Man movement and survey is difficult in double bottom and the process of survey is time taking. In order to tackle this dual effect, an alternative surveying practiceis to be designed and developed. An effective solution for this can be a high qualitycamera fitted robotic machine which will move over all the places of inspection. For freeand smooth movement of robotic camera system in the region of inspection, we need todesign the double bottom accordingly. The design of double bottom for ship surveybecomes particularly important. In this regard we need to carve and create a path forthe robotic camera system through the stiffeners or in floors in such a way that all areaof inspection is within the reach of the robotic camera. To do this sometimes we mayneed to cut an access hole through the floors which may affect the strength of floors.The floors which have been modified should be additionally strengthened withoutaffecting the free movement of the robotic camera unit. This technique of inspectioncan be extended to other areas of ships also.
Protection & Accident Prevention Practice

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