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Rapid Growth of Very Large Elem School Classes in NYC - FINAL 3-26-12

Rapid Growth of Very Large Elem School Classes in NYC - FINAL 3-26-12

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Published by michaelfs
Number of Elementary School Students in Very Large Classes Has Skyrocketed Due to Budget Cuts in Recent Years

As NYC teaching force has declined through attrition, the number of elementary school students in classes with 30 or more pupils has more than tripled since FY09. The Mayor’s proposed FY13 budget would continue that trend.

Brooklyn, NY – Today, New York City Council Member Brad Lander released a report that finds a startling increase of elementary school students in very large classes, due to budget cuts that have reduced the number of teachers in New York City public schools.

The total number of teachers in New York City is the lowest it has been in nearly a decade. At the beginning of the school year there were slightly fewer than 74,000 teachers, compared with just under 80,000 in FY 2009 (the 2008–09 school year), a drop of 7%. Over the same period, student enrollment has increased slightly (2%).
Number of Elementary School Students in Very Large Classes Has Skyrocketed Due to Budget Cuts in Recent Years

As NYC teaching force has declined through attrition, the number of elementary school students in classes with 30 or more pupils has more than tripled since FY09. The Mayor’s proposed FY13 budget would continue that trend.

Brooklyn, NY – Today, New York City Council Member Brad Lander released a report that finds a startling increase of elementary school students in very large classes, due to budget cuts that have reduced the number of teachers in New York City public schools.

The total number of teachers in New York City is the lowest it has been in nearly a decade. At the beginning of the school year there were slightly fewer than 74,000 teachers, compared with just under 80,000 in FY 2009 (the 2008–09 school year), a drop of 7%. Over the same period, student enrollment has increased slightly (2%).

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Published by: michaelfs on Mar 26, 2012
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04/05/2012

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Number of Elementary SchoolStudents in Very Large ClassesHas Skyrocketed Since 2008
A review of the impact of budget cutsand teacher attrition on large class sizesin New York City public schools
March 2012(Updated 4/5/12 with correction)
 
 
2
Executive Summary
There are 5,300 fewer teachers working in New York City public schools this yearthan in 2008-09
a 7% decline.
As a result of teacher attrition due to budget cuts, there are just under 74,000 teachers in NYC publicschools, compared with almost 80,000 in the 2008-09 school year (FY2009). The total number of teachers in the City is the lowest in nearly a decade, despite modest growth in student enrollment.
As a result, the number of elementary school students who are in general educationclasses of 30 or more students has tripled.
In the 2008-09 school year, there were 9,756 students in first through fifth grade classrooms with 30or more students. Today, that figure has ballooned to 31,079 students.In first, second and third grades, the percent of students in such classes has grown tenfold. In fourthgrade, a total of 13.8% of all students are in such classes. In some school districts, one in five of allfirst through fifth graders are in classes of 30 or more.
Budget cuts proposed in Mayor Bloomberg’s FY1
3 Preliminary Budget wouldcontinue this trend.
Despite the fact that smaller class size is the top priority for school improvement amongst parents,the Bloomberg A
dministration’s FY 2013 Preliminary Budget proposes to decrease funding in General
Education Instruction by $184.7 million, which will result in a loss of 1,117 full-time teachers, andthousands more elementary school students in classes of 30 or more.
 
5.5%13.8%0.4%3.4%79,37173,982
71,00072,00073,00074,00075,00076,00077,00078,00079,00080,0000%2%4%6%8%10%12%14%16%FY09FY10FY11FY12
   T   o   t   a    l   N   Y   C   T   e   a   c    h   e   r   H   e   a    d   c   o   u   n   t   %   o    f   4   t    h   G   r   a    d   e   G   e   n   E    d   C    l   a   s   s   e   s   W   i   t    h   3   0   S   t   u    d   e   n   t   s   o   r   M   o   r   e
As Teacher Numbers Decline, the Number of LargeClasses is Rising Dramatically
% of 4th Grade Classes With +30 Students% of 1st Grade Classes With +30 StudentsTotal # of NYC Teachers
 
3
Attrition Has Reduced the NYC Teaching Force, While Student Enrollment Has Increased
While teacher layoffs proposed by Mayor Bloomberg have been avoided in negotiations with the NewYork City Council, the last three City budgets have significantly reduced the number of teachers in the
school system through “attrition” —
the avoidance of hiring new teachers to replace those who leavethe system
in order to save money.Since the 2008
 –
2009 school year (labeled as Fiscal Year 2009 in this report), the number of New YorkCity teachers who have left the DOE has consistently been higher than the total number of teachershired. While teachers in some specialty areas are replaced, many general education teachers havenot been. For example, in 2011, 5,924 left the system, but only 3,198 new teachers were hired.
1
 As a result, over the past four years there has been consistent decline in total teacher headcount,from 79,371 to 73,982
a decline of 5,810 teachers, or 7% of total teachers.During this same period, student enrollment in primary grades has grown by 2%.
2
The overalldecrease in teacher headcount coupled with higher enrollment has led to larger class size.
 
This report was prepared by Seth Ullman, Ellen McKay, and Michael Freedman-Schnapp.
1
Based on an analysis of data from New York City Independent Budget Office,
New York City Public School Indicators: Demographics,Resources, Outcomes
Annual Report 2011. Teacher headcounts are from November snapshots and therefore may differ from year-endtotals or budget-based figures.
2
 
Analysis of NYCDOE “School Demographics and Accountability Snapshot” data file.
 
 
1.5%1.2%-0.5%-3.2%-2.3%-1.7%78,860 79,792 79,371 76,937 75,211 73,982-4.0%-3.0%-2.0%-1.0%0.0%1.0%2.0%
FY07FY08FY09FY10FY11FY12
   N   e   t   %   C    h   a   n   g   e   i   n   H   e   a    d   c   o   u   t   n   Y   e   a   r  -   t   o  -   Y   e   a   r
Percent Net Change in Teacher Headcount
With total headcount shown at bottom

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