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CASE NO.:Writ Petition (civil) 202 of 1995PETITIONER:T.N. Godavarman ThirumulpadRESPONDENT:Union of India & Ors.DATE OF JUDGMENT: 26/09/2005BENCH:Y.K.Sabharwal,Arijit Pasayat & S.H.KapadiaJUDGMENT:J U D G M E N TIA NO.826 IN IA NO.566INWRIT PETITION (C) NO.202 OF 1995[WITH IA NO.932 IN 819-821, 955, 958, 985, 1001-1001a, 1013-1014, 1016-1018, 1019, 1046, 1047, 1135-1136, 1137, 1164, 1180-1181 AND 1182-1183, 1196, 1208-1209, 1222-1223, 1224-1225,1229, 1233, 1248-1249, 1253, 1301-1302, 1303-1304, 1312, 1313,1314, 1315-1316, 1318 AND 1319 IN WP (C) NO. 202 OF 1995]Y.K. Sabharwal, J.
Natural resources are the assets of entire nation. It is the obligationof all concerned including Union Government and State Governments toconserve and not waste these resources. Article 48A of the Constitution of India requires the State shall endeavour to protect and improve theenvironment and to safeguard the forest and wild life of the country. UnderArticle 51A, it is the duty of every citizen to protect and improve the naturalenvironment including forest, lakes, rivers and wild-life and to havecompassion for living creatures.In the present case, the question is about conservation, preservationand protection of forests and the ecology. When forest land is used fornon-forest purposes, what measures are required to be taken to