The Brain, Nervous System and Behavior
The basic unit of the nervous system, the “nerve cell” is a long thin call which receives, processes, and generates“messages” (neurological impulses) to and from the brain, as well as within the brain itself.
The neuron is made up of various structures
the receptors of the neuron whichreceive stimulation.
- the part of the neuron which perfumemetabolic activity, generates nervous impulses, andtransmits outgoing impulses;Cell
the “core” of the neuron which
contains the genetic material;
the fiber shaped part of the neuron whichtransmits impulses to other neurons or receptors byforwarding them to the end of the branches (axonterminals) where they are released to other neurons,muscles or glands of the body;
the fatty protective tissue thatcovers, insulates and protects neurons, as well asspeeding up the process of neural transmissions;The
(nodes of Ranvier)
the constrictionalong the axon which serves to speed up thetransmission of neurological transmissions;
- The parts of a neuron that sendmessages to other neurons or to muscles or glands.
enlarges tips at the endof the axon terminals (end branches) where thesynaptic vesicles are located.
the very tiny “sacks” which
the space between the axon of oneneuron and the dendrites of another