Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American recordingartist, entertainer and businessman. The seventh child of the Jackson family, he madehis debut onto the professional music scene at the age of 11 as a member of TheJackson 5 in 1969, and later began a solo career in 1971 while still a member of thegroup. Referred to as the "King of Pop" in subsequent years, his 1982 album Thriller remains the world's best-selling record of all time and four of his other solo studioalbums are among the world's best-selling records: Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987),Dangerous (1991) and HIStory (1995).In the early 1980s, he became a dominant figure in popular music and the first AfricanAmerican entertainer to amass a strong crossover following on MTV. The popularity of his music videos airing on MTV, such as "Beat It", "Billie Jean" and "Thriller"—widelycredited with transforming the music video from a promotional tool into an art form— helped bring the relatively new channel to fame. Videos such as "Black or White" and"Scream" made Jackson an enduring staple on MTV in the 1990s. With stage performances and music videos, Jackson popularized a number of physicallycomplicated dance techniques, such as the robot and the moonwalk. His distinctivemusical sound and vocal style influenced many hip hop, pop and contemporary R&Bartists.Jackson donated and raised millions of dollars for beneficial causes through hisfoundations, charity singles, and support of 39 charities. Other aspects of his personallife, including his often changing appearances and eccentric behavior, generatedsignificant controversy which damaged his public image. Though he was accused of child sexual abuse in 1993, the criminal investigation was closed due to lack of evidence and Jackson was not charged. The singer had experienced health concernssince the early 1990s and conflicting reports regarding the state of his finances since thelate 1990s. Jackson married twice and fathered three children, all of which causedfurther controversy. In 2005, Jackson was tried and acquitted of further sexual abuseallegations and several other charges.One of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice,his other achievements include multiple Guinness World Records—including one for "Most Successful Entertainer of All Time"—13 Grammy Awards, 13 number onesingles in his solo career, and the sale of 750 million records worldwide. Jackson'shighly publicized personal life, coupled with his successful career, made him a part of popular culture for almost four decades. Michael Jackson died on June 25, 2009, aged50. The specific cause of death has yet to be determined. Before his death,Jackson had announced a 50-date sell-out This Is It comeback tour, in London,England.1958–1975: Early life and The Jackson 5Michael Joseph Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana (an industrial suburb of Chicago,Illinois) to a working-class family on August 29, 1958. The son of African-American parents Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson and Katherine Esther (née Scruse), he was theseventh of nine children. His siblings are Rebbie, Jackie, Tito, Jermaine, La Toya,Marlon, Randy and Janet. Joseph Jackson was a steel mill employee who often performed in an R&B band called The Falcons with his brother Luther. Jackson wasraised as a Jehovah's Witness by his devout mother.