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Project Paperclip-Linda Hunt

Project Paperclip-Linda Hunt

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Published by ALBINOCYCLOPS

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Published by: ALBINOCYCLOPS on Mar 27, 2012
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11/23/2012

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 Secret Agenda
The United States Government, Nazi Scientists andProject Paperclip 1945 to 1990
By
Linda Hunt
1991
 
 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
This book would not exist were it not for the Freedom of Information Act. I am grateful toattorney Elaine English, the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, attorneys LeeLevine and Gregory Burton from the Washington, D.C., law firm of Ross, Dixon and Masback,and Robert Gellman of Congressman Glen English's Government Information Subcommitteefor helping me with FOIA requests.Government agencies' responses to my FOIA requests ranged from helpful to outrightobstructionist. On the helpful side, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville,Alabama, the FBI, and Army intelligence deserve the highest praise for upholding the spirit of the FOIA. The U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command at Fort Meade, Maryland, was amajor source of information; many INSCOM dossiers are cited in the endnotes. My researchwas helped immensely in 1986 when I won an FOIA appeal in which the Department of Armycounsel ruled that I could receive INSCOM files of living Paperclip scientists because thepublic's right to know outweighed the scientists' privacy rights under the law. I thank FOIAdirector Robert J. Walsh, former FOIA director Tom Conley, Marcia Galbreath, and others atINSCOM for working so conscientiously on my requests through the years.I am especially grateful to the archivists and declassifiers at the National Archives andRecords Service in Washington and the Washington National Records Center in Suitland,Maryland, who helped me get thousands of Paperclip records declassified under the FOIA.John Taylor, the late John Mendelsohn, Ed Reese, Richard Boylan, George Wagner, WilliamLewis, Will Mahoney, Jo Ann Williamson, Terri Hammett, Harry Rilley, and Sally Marksgenerously shared their knowledge and their humor while helping me locate documents topiece together this story.At the other end of the scale lies the U.S. Army Materiel Command. I obtained sixthousand Edgewood Arsenal documents in
1987,
but it took more than a year, two attorneys,and a threatened lawsuit to get the records. My FOIA request was filed in May
1986
fordocuments held in Army custody at the Washington National Records Center. A month later Iwas told that I could inspect the records. However, when I arrived at the WNRC, an Armyemployee showed me forms that indicated that seven boxes had been checked out toEdgewood's historian and twelve additional boxes were "missing." Then Army Materielcircled its wagons, denied that the records existed, and later tried to charge me
$239,680
in"search fees." The Army counsel's answer to my formal appeal of those charges was asoutrageous as the fee. "The Army's funds were appropriated for the national defense, not toaid aspiring authors," counsel Thomas F. Kranz replied. The documents were finally releasedafter numerous meetings between attorneys on both sides. I am grateful to attorneys LeeLevine and Gregory Burton for helping me obtain the documents.Other government agencies, archives, and libraries that provided assistance include theU.S. Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations, the Library of Congress, the HarryS. Truman Library, the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, the Franklin Roosevelt Library, theHoover Institute at Stanford University, the Center for Military History in Washington, D.C.,the U.S. Army Military History Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, the history

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