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Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park (Chapter II)

Silay City Watersports and Recreation Park (Chapter II)

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Architectural Thesis Manuscript
Architectural Thesis Manuscript

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Published by: Aisa Castro Arguelles on Mar 27, 2012
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07/24/2014

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LA CONSOLACION COLLEGE-ARFIEN DEPARTMENT PAGE
26
CHAPTER IIREVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES2.1 RELATED LITERATURESite Selection
The following are the characteristics of the site that should beconsidered in site selection from the book entitled ArchitecturalDesign Portable Handbook by
Andy Pressman
:
Sun- Orient buildings and outdoor spaces to coordinate heating/cooling characteristics with seasonal, regional, and programmatic factors 
for example, design fenestration,overhangs, and other devices to allow penetration of low winter sun and block high summer sun; consider thermal characteristics when selecting cladding materials; promote and control the quality of day-lighting; consider using deciduous trees that can help filter sun in summer and allow penetration of sunlight in winter.Wind- Protect/shelter entries from cold winter winds; capture summer breezes for good ventilation and outdoor areas.Moreover, the force of wind produces a variety of stresses and strains, which can lift the roof off a house or cause skyscrapers to sway. These potential stresses, obviously, should be considered for a particular location and factored into the design.Rain- Avoid placing the building in low areas subject to flooding (without some sort of control system); address water runoff from paved and built areas. A steep slope may suggest a multilevel scheme and zoning of functions by level with interesting three-dimensional potential. With a steep slope, there will be accessibility issues. Design slender forms that align with contours to minimize cutting and filling and disruption to the site. For a flat slope, the maximum potential for the plan is based on regular 
 
LA CONSOLACION COLLEGE-ARFIEN DEPARTMENT PAGE
27
arrays of identical units; construction is more economical than on steep sites.Noise, Smells, and Bad Views- Provide buffer zones (and distance, if possible) to dissipate the problem; pay attention to materials selections (i.e., a translucent material such as glass block, to let in daylight and blur the view). Special construction detailing can help a lot toward acoustical separation.Good Views- Consider sight lines both to and from the site; study what is appropriate relative to your concept. Frame views from the site to heighten drama, or configure building elements to mediate views to specific areas.Traffic- Locate access to parking away from busy streets and intersections. Minimize the number of curb cuts and vehicular and pedestrian conflict.Existing Objects, Materials, and Public Works- Inventory and describe the condition and approximate sizes of existing items, and confirm this on the plan. Much of this is usually indicated on the survey. Include furniture (i.e., benches, picnic tables); lighting; retaining walls; paving; utilities (electricity, gas,water, sanitary sewers, storm drainage, phone lines); curbs, steps,ramps, handrails, and fences; and fire and police protection. If there are any structures on the site, they need to be evaluated carefully for possible relationship to the proposed new project.Noise and Smells- Listen for anything potentially disturbing (i.e. an interstate highway bisects your site, your neighbor is an international jetport). Are there signs of pollution (i.e., is the site downwind of a baked bean factory or a paper mill)? Subsurface Conditions- Information on subsoil and ground water conditions and data from percolation tests and borings (investigated and analyzed by geotechnical engineers) determine such things as bearing capacity, suitability for septic tank drainage systems, water runoff characteristics, permeability, and risk of erosion. Note the presence of topsoil and its influences on potential planting.Zoning- Zoning is the legal process by which local government specifies and regulates land use and building type,size, and context. Some items you may need to consider include setbacks, yards, maximum lot coverage and building height, off- 
 
LA CONSOLACION COLLEGE-ARFIEN DEPARTMENT PAGE
28
street parking, floor area ratio (FAR [ratio of total floor area to site area]), sky exposure plane, and of course, permitted uses.
The statement of Andy Pressman will serve as a guide in analyzing anddetermining the site to provide the necessary and basic requirements for theviability of the proposed project. This will allow the researcher to evaluate thesite prior to the given considerations by the process of observation and datagathering to come up with an ideal and functional project.
Site Development
According to
Andrea Woodner
, author of the book, HighPerformance Building Guidelines:
Identify and prioritize the site‘ 
s natural and cultural attributes that are to be protected, conserved, or restored.General Site Layout 
 
Organize building mass, orientation and outdoor spaces to provide efficient access to services; incorporate recreational areas that have multiple functions in addition to visual value. For example, rooftops can be used as gardens and for water collection; a water feature in a playground can provide both cooling and recreation for children.
 
Use earth forms, plantings, drainage and water detention systems, and soils to support the functions of the building and site (e.g., screening, windbreaks, etc.).
 
Employ passive solar principles in architectural design,orientation, and sitting; use heat- retaining courtyard pavements (with proper shading), block winter wind and admit summer breezes.

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