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Overview of G3

Overview of G3

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Published by: khmahbub on Mar 27, 2012
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G3: Water governance and community based managementGanges Basin Development Challenges of the CPWF
The overall BDC goal is to reduce poverty, improve food security and strengthen livelihood resilience incoastal areas through improved water governance and management, and more productive and diversified  farm systems. Within this broad BDC goal, the specific objective of this project is to improve water governance and management of coastal polders. It is hypothesized that polders where proper governancesystems are in place and where the community is directly involved in such governance are better managed than polders where such governance systems and community involvement is absent. Better governed  polders, in turn, will have better outcomes in terms of food security and livelihood benefits and will, in the process, contribute to building up longer term resilience among the communities who live in coastal areasin Bangladesh.
 
 
1
Background:
The International Water Management Institute(www.iwmi.org)is the lead institute for the Ganges Basin Development Challenge research project titled Water Governance and Community-based Management in coastal regions of Bangladesh. This study is one out of five researchprojects in the Ganges basin commissioned and funded by the CGIAR Challenge Program on Foodand Water (CPWF)(www.waterandfood.org). Inundation, salinity intrusion and severe flooding in the coastal areas is a frequent occurrence in Bangladesh. This leads to loss of life and property aswell as severe impacts on livelihoods. The government of Bangladesh has invested steadily incoastal zone management through construction and rehabilitation of polders. Involvement of 
communities in management of polders is now enshrined in Bangladesh’s Water Policy. This
project tries to understand various aspects of water governance and communities basedmanagement of polders in coastal zones in Bangladesh and then suggest implementable policyoptions for improving polder governance in Bangladesh.
Research Questions
 
1.
 
Is community management the best way of managing coastal polders in Bangladesh? If so,under what circumstances is it likely to work best?2.
 
If community management is indeed the way forward, what are the constraints thatcommunities face in polder management?3.
 
What kind of policies and institution are needed so that communities can indeed activelyparticipate in management of polders?
Project sites and description
 
 
PolderSubprojectsLocation(Upazila)Agency Level of Salinity WMOs (Yes/No) andprojectManagementchallengesPolder 3 Debhata &KaliganjBWDB High No
 –
informalmanagementShrimp- paddyconflictPolder 24G Keshobpur BWDB Increasing Yes
 –
KJDRP Water logging andsalinityPolder 31 Daacope BWDB Average to High Yes
 –
4
th
Fisheries Salinity and rivererosionPolder 30 Batiaghata BWDB Low to Average Yes
 –
IPSWAM Water loggingPolder 43-2F Amtoli BWDB Low Yes
 –
IPSWAM Water scarcityLatabunia Dumuria LGED High Yes- SSWRDP DisastervulnerabilityJabusha Rupsha LGED Average to High Yes
 –
SSWRDP SalinityJainkathi Sadar LGED Low Yes
 –
SSWRDP Water scarcityBagarchra-BadurgachaDumuria LGED High Yes
 –
SSWRDP Declining shrimpproductivity
 
 
2
Project Funding and Partners
The project is funded
by the
The Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF). CPWF is aninternational, multi-institutional research initiative with a strong emphasis on partnerships,adaptive management and participation of stakeholders to manage water more equitably,efficiently and sustainably. It is the main funding source for the GBDC and the G3 project. TheCPWF aims to increase the resilience of social and ecological systems and focuses on the nexusbetween water, food and poverty in developing countries. In the last ten years of work, CPWF hasexperience in more than 68 projects carried out throughout the world including in the Andes,Ganges, Limpopo, Mekong, Nile and Volta river basins. CPWF sees the Ganges BDC presentingmajor opportunities to make a difference through good governance that may improve livelihoods,increase resilience to climate change and improve the productive uses of water. The following listconsists of research partners for the CPWF funded Ganges Basin Development Challenge researchproject titled G3; Water governance and community based management of polders in coastalBangladesh.
Lead Institution:
International Water Management Institute
IWMI has 25 years of experience of working on water governance and community basedmanagement of irrigation schemes, with a track record of working with multiple partners. IWMI isrecognized as a pioneer of research in Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT) and ParticipatoryIrrigation Management (PIM). The recently concluded Ganges Basin Focal Project wasimplemented by IWMI in partnership with World Fish Centre and Bangladeshi organizations,where IWMI carried out studies on water, crop and fisheries in Bangladesh. In the GroundwaterGovernance in the Indo-Gangetic Basin project (CPWF PN42), IWMI looked at socio-economic andgovernance aspects of groundwater in saline affected Madaripur, Bangladesh. In early 2000s,IWMI had carried out a series of studies on adoption of small scale irrigation technologies (treadlepumps etc.) in Bangladesh. As a part of CPWF projects (PN 10), IWMI worked in partnership withIRRI in coastal saline water environments in Vietnam and Bangladesh, complementing ongoingprojects on evaluation of community action in irrigation and water management. IWMI is the leadinstitute for G3 and is responsible for coordinating the partners on the ground to ensure highquality research outputs on water and food.
Partner 1:
Shushilan
Shushilan is an NGO established in 1991. It has implemented approximately 168 projects andthere are currently 33 projects running in the South-western coastal region of Bangladesh. Mostof these projects involve the use of various PRA and other tools such as Transect, FGD, SocialMapping, Key Informant Interview, Quick Census, Wealth Ranking, Small Surveys and producedSituation Analysis, Need Assessment, Beneficiary Identification, Baseline Survey and Evaluationreports. Such studies engaged multi-disciplinary teams combining experts in social sciences,geography, environment, statistics and development studies.
Shushilan’s activities to date has
concentrated on community mobilization aiming to reduce poverty, agricultural productivity

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