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Presidential and Parliamentary Systems

Presidential and Parliamentary Systems

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Published by Malawi2014

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Published by: Malawi2014 on Mar 27, 2012
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03/27/2012

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Parliamentary andPresidential Systems
A Comparison
 
Parliamentary Systems
Only one elected body: a parliament ofrepresentatives. Its bills are law.
Executive power is housed in a cabinet. Cabinetmembers typically are MPs who perform executiveduties (foreign relations, etc.) in addition to theirlegislative duties.
Cabinet only serves as long as there is parliamentary
confidence. A “Vote of Confidence” can be called at
any time, and a majority vote can unseat the existing
cabinet (“government falling”) and call for a new one
to be formed.
But the cabinet can also hold the parliament in check.The leader of the cabinet (Prime minister, premiere,etc.) can disband a parliament and call for newelections.
 
Advantages/Disadvantages ofParliamentary Systems
Advantages:
Always unified government
Greater party discipline
No veto power and typically no judicial review
Clear lines of responsibility
 –
voters know who toblame/reward
Disadvantages
:
Divided government may be a good thing
Judicial review and veto power are important
Minority rights get washed away
What if there’s no clear majority? Then coalition
governments must be formed between the mainparties, and cabinet positions are divvied upaccordingly.

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