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Demolishing Homes Demolishing Peace: Political and Normative Analysis of Israel's Displacement Policy in the OPT

Demolishing Homes Demolishing Peace: Political and Normative Analysis of Israel's Displacement Policy in the OPT

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Published by Itay Epshtain
Political and Normative Analysis of Israel's Displacement Policy in the OPT
Political and Normative Analysis of Israel's Displacement Policy in the OPT

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Published by: Itay Epshtain on Mar 27, 2012
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07/10/2013

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Political and Normative Analysis ofIsrael's Displacement Policy in the OPT
Demolishing Homes,Demolishing Peace
Cover Picture © Felizitas Homan
 
Types of Demolitions
Punitive demolitions
Houses demolished as punishment or the actions o  people associated with the houses – everything rom political organizing to attacks on Israeli civilians.Tis policy was suspended by the Israel DeenseForces (IDF) in February 2005 aer it reached theconclusion that rather than deterring attacks, punitivedemolitions only enfamed the populace and led tomore attacks. Te practice was resumed on 19 January2009. Although punitive demolitions are presumed bymost to be the main reason or house demolitions, theyaccount or only 6% o all demolitions.
Administrative demolitions
Houses demolished or lack o a building permit.Tis happens in Area C and in East Jerusalem, underexclusive Israeli authority, though prior to the
existence
Five Decadesof Displacement
o Areas A, B & C it occurred in other areas as well.Signicantly, in almost all cases Palestinians haveno choice but to build ‘illegally’, as permits are almostimpossible to obtain. Israeli ocials explain this typeo demolition by stating that Palestinians are violating the zoning and planning laws and that the demolitionsare merely law enorcement. Tis type o demolitionaccounts or approximately 23% o all demolitions.
Military/Land-clearing demolitions
Houses demolished by the IDF in the course o military operations or purposes o clearing of a pieceo land (or whatever reason), achieving a military goalor killing alleged suspects as part o Israel’s policy o extrajudicial executions. Military demolitions accountor about 47% o dened demolitions.
ICAHD is an Israeli peace and human rights organization dedicated to endingthe Occupation and achieving a just peace between Israelis and Palestinians. Inparticular, ICAHD resists Israel’s policy of demolishing Palestinian homes in theOccupied Palestinian Territory. ICAHD estimates that some 26,000 Palestinianstructures have been demolished in the Occupied Palestinian Territory since 1967,based on information collected from the Israeli Ministry of Interior, the JerusalemMunicipality, the Civil Administration, UN bodies and agencies, Palestinian, Israeliand international human rights groups, our field monitoring, and other sources.This publication provides a political and normative analysis of the root causesand consequences of Israel’s displacement and demolition policy, focusing on thedemolition of Palestinian homes and other structures in the Occupied West Bank.
 
People Displaced
2009
643 People
2010
606 People
2011
 
1,094 People
Feb 2012
 
310 People
Structures Demolished
o Palestinian permitapplications are denied!
Total
275
Residential
1162009
Total
439
Residential
1402010
Total
622
Residential
2222011
Total
145
Residential
502012Feb
Demolitions by Decade & Type
2000-Feb 2012
12,191 1,905 1,454 2,774 7,554
1990-20001980-19901970-19801967-1970
UndefnedMilitaryAdministrativePunitive
3,7167,8048736742,1002,1875,367360492891,545671
94%Demolitions by Type1967-2.2012
47%27%23%6%
UndefnedMilitaryPunitiveAdministrative

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