Types of Demolitions
Houses demolished as punishment or the actions o people associated with the houses – everything rom political organizing to attacks on Israeli civilians.Tis policy was suspended by the Israel DeenseForces (IDF) in February 2005 aer it reached theconclusion that rather than deterring attacks, punitivedemolitions only enfamed the populace and led tomore attacks. Te practice was resumed on 19 January2009. Although punitive demolitions are presumed bymost to be the main reason or house demolitions, theyaccount or only 6% o all demolitions.
Houses demolished or lack o a building permit.Tis happens in Area C and in East Jerusalem, underexclusive Israeli authority, though prior to the
Five Decadesof Displacement
o Areas A, B & C it occurred in other areas as well.Signicantly, in almost all cases Palestinians haveno choice but to build ‘illegally’, as permits are almostimpossible to obtain. Israeli ocials explain this typeo demolition by stating that Palestinians are violating the zoning and planning laws and that the demolitionsare merely law enorcement. Tis type o demolitionaccounts or approximately 23% o all demolitions.
Houses demolished by the IDF in the course o military operations or purposes o clearing of a pieceo land (or whatever reason), achieving a military goalor killing alleged suspects as part o Israel’s policy o extrajudicial executions. Military demolitions accountor about 47% o dened demolitions.
ICAHD is an Israeli peace and human rights organization dedicated to endingthe Occupation and achieving a just peace between Israelis and Palestinians. Inparticular, ICAHD resists Israel’s policy of demolishing Palestinian homes in theOccupied Palestinian Territory. ICAHD estimates that some 26,000 Palestinianstructures have been demolished in the Occupied Palestinian Territory since 1967,based on information collected from the Israeli Ministry of Interior, the JerusalemMunicipality, the Civil Administration, UN bodies and agencies, Palestinian, Israeliand international human rights groups, our field monitoring, and other sources.This publication provides a political and normative analysis of the root causesand consequences of Israel’s displacement and demolition policy, focusing on thedemolition of Palestinian homes and other structures in the Occupied West Bank.