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Table Of Contents

Economic Theory and Economic Man
Economic and Political Exchange
The Paradox Explained*31
Economic Motivation and Political Power
Madisonian Democracy and the Economic Approach
Economic Motivation and Economic Determinism
In Positive Defense
Individual and Collective Rationality
Individual Rationality in Market Choice
Individual Rationality and Collective Choice
Limitations on Individual Rationality
The "Costs" Approach to Collective Action
Minimal Collectivization—the Definition of Human and Property Rights
The Range of Voluntary Organization
A Conceptual Classification
Implications
The External-Costs Function
The Decision-Making-Costs Function
The Choice of Optimal Rules
Categories of Collective Activity
Institutional Variables and Decision Rules
Some Qualifications
The "Gains" Approach
Comparison with the New Welfare Economics
Consensus as a Norm
Individual and Collective Decisions
The Bargaining Range
A Simple Two-Person Bargaining Model
Bargaining and Competitive Markets
Bargaining and "Efficient" Solutions
The Multiple-Party Bargain
Multiple-Party Bargains within a Total Group of Fixed Size
Bargaining Costs, Decision-Making Rules, and the Revelation of Preferences
Group Size and Decision-Making Costs
The Optimum Size of Governments
Decentralization and Alternatives for Choice
Decision-Making Costs, External Costs, and Consensus on Values
Direct Democracy and Representative Government
The Time Sequence of Collective Decisions
Perfect and Imperfect Markets
The Intensity of Individual Preference
Equal Intensities and Majority Rule
Equal Intensity and Random Variation of Preferences
Majority Voting without Logrolling
Two Types of Logrolling
A Simple Logrolling Model
Possible Objections
Alternatives
Majority Rule and External Costs
Generalizations
A Three-Person, Constant-Sum Game
A Five-Person, Constant-Sum Game
The Limitation of Side Payments
Allowance of Side Payments
Simple Logrolling and Game Theory
Complex Logrolling
The "Individual Rationality" Condition
The Limits to "Social" Waste
The General Benefit-Special Taxation Model
The General Taxation-General Benefit Model
Pareto Optimality
Imputations and Pareto Optimality
Need Solution Imputations Be Pareto-Optimal?
Geometrical Illustration
Symmetry in Benefit Schedules
Side Payments and Pareto Optimality
Redistributive Elements in Majority Decisions
An Alternative Explanation
"Income Insurance" and Individual Behavior
Allocational and Redistributional Externalities
Conclusions
Majority Voting and External Costs
The Bench-Mark Criterion
The Choice of Rules
Representative Government
The Degree of Representation
The Basis of Representation
The Structure of Control in Representative Democracy
Interdependence among Constitutional Variables
Unanimity and "Political Exchange"
Mutually Exclusive Alternatives
The Meaning of "Majority Rule"
The Problem of Biased Rules
The Behavioral Assumptions
The Ethics of Trade
Exchange of Political Votes
The Imperfect Ideal
Vote-Trading and the Rule of Unanimity
The Rent-Control Analogy
Special Interest and the "Public Interest"
Pressure Groups and Big Government
Pluralistic Equilibrium
External Costs and "Optimal" Organization
General and Special Legislation
The Ethics of Pressure-Group Activity
The Logical Model
The Operational Model
The Politics of the Good Society
Rational Choice of Restrictive Rules
Individualism as an Analytical Method and as a System of Social Order
Realism and Relevance in Contract
The Economic Approach to a Theory of Politics
The Classical Conception of Collective Choice
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Buchanan & Tullock - The Calculus of Consent. The Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy (1965)

Buchanan & Tullock - The Calculus of Consent. The Logical Foundations of Constitutional Democracy (1965)

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