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Teaching of science

Teaching of science

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Published by sabyasachi samal
This is released by NCERT for having made aware about the teaching of science
This is released by NCERT for having made aware about the teaching of science

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: sabyasachi samal on Mar 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/28/2012

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P
OSITION
P
 APER 
N
 ATIONAL
F
OCUS
G
ROUPON
 T
EACHING
 
OF
S
CIENCE
1.1
 
First Edition 
Mach 2006 Chaitra 1928 
PD 5T BS
© National Council of Educational Research and Training, 2006 
Rs. 25.00
Printed on 80 GSM paper with NCERT watermark 
Published at the Publication Department  by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi 110 016 andprinted at Bengal Offset Works, 335, Khajoor Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110 005
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher.
This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade, be lent, re-sold, hired out or otherwise disposed of without the publisher’s consent, in any formof binding or cover other than that in which it is published.
The correct price of this publication is the price printed on this page, Any revisedprice indicated by a rubber stamp or by a sticker or by any other means is incorrectand should be unacceptable.
OFFICES OF THE PUBLICATION DEPARTMENT, NCERT
NCERT CampusSri Aurobindo Marg
New Delhi 110 016
108, 100 Feet RoadHosdakere Halli ExtensionBanashankari III Stage
Bangalore 560 085
Navjivan Trust BuildingP.O.Navjivan
Ahmedabad
 
380 014
CWC CampusOpp. Dhankal Bus StopPanihati
Kolkata
 
700 114
CWC ComplexMaligaon
Guwahati 781 021
Publication Team
Head, Publication:
P. Rajakumar 
Department Chief Production:
Shiv Kumar 
Officer Chief Editor:
Shveta Uppal 
Chief Business:
Gautam Ganguly 
Manager Editor:Bijnan SutaProduction Assistant:Arun Chitkara 
Cover and Layout 
Shweta Rao 
ISBN 81-7450-494-X
 
1. C
RITERIA 
 
FOR 
 
 AN
I
DEAL
S
CIENCE
C
URRICULUM
Good science education is true to the child, true to life and true to science. This simpleobservation leads to the following basic criteria of validity of a science curriculum:
a)Cognitive validity 
requires that the content, process, language and pedagogical practices of the curriculum are age appropriate, and within the cognitive reach of the child.
b)Content validit
requires that the curriculum must convey significant and correct scientificcontent. Simplification of content, which is necessary to adapt the curriculum to thecognitive level of the learner, must not be so trivialized as to convey something basically flawed and/or meaningless.
c) Process validit
requires that the curriculum engage the learner in acquiring the methodsand processes that lead to generation and validation of scientific knowledge, andnurture the natural curiosity and creativity of the child in science. Process validity is animportant criterion since it helps the student in ‘learning to learn’ science.
d)Historical validit
requires that science curriculum be informed by a historical perspective,enabling the learner to appreciate how the concepts of science evolve with time. It alsohelps the learner to view science as a social enterprise and to understand how socialfactors influence the development of science.
e)Environmental validity 
requires that science be placed in the wider context of the learner’senvironment, local and global, enabling him/her to appreciate the issues at the interfaceof science, technology and society and preparing him / her with the requisite knowledgeand skills to enter the world of work.
 f)Ethical validit
requires that the curriculum promote the values of honesty, objectivity,co-operation, freedom from fear and prejudice, and develop in the learner a concern forlife and preservation of environment.
2. S
CIENCE
C
URRICULUM
 
 AT
D
IFFERENT
S
TAGES
Consistent with the criteria above, the objectives, content, pedagogy and assessment fordifferent stages of the curriculum are summarized below.
 At the primary stage 
the child should be engaged in joyfully exploring the world around andharmonizing with it. The objectives at this stage are to nurture the curiosity of the child about the world (natural environment, artifacts and people), to have the child engage in exploratory andhands on activities to acquire the basic cognitive and psychomotor skills through observation,
E
XECUTIVE
S
UMMARY 

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