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GB 18401-2003-EN国家纺织品基本安全技术规范

GB 18401-2003-EN国家纺织品基本安全技术规范

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Published by: Gagan Kapoor on Mar 28, 2012
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12/30/2013

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ICS 59.080.01
W 09
National Standard of the People’sRepublic of China
GB 18401-2003
Replace GB 18401-2001 _____________________________________________________________________________________ 
National General Safety Technical Code forTextile Products
Issue date: Nov. 27
th
, 2003 Implementation date: Jan. 1
st
, 2005
Issued by General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China
 
GB 18401-2003
Foreword
 National General Safety Technical Code for Textile Products is a compulsory national standard formulatedas per laws and regulations such as Standardization Law of The People’s Republic of China and ProductQuality Law of the People’s Republic of China.Various finishing agents such as dyestuff and addition agent should be added into the textile productsduring dye printing and post-treatment processes. These finishing agents contain or produce more or lessmatter harmful to human body. When such harmful matter left on the textile product reaches certainamount, it shall cause injury to people skin, even to body health. Hence, it is necessary to make the mostgeneral safety specifications on the textile products so that body health and individual safety can beensured during production, circulation and consumption of the textile products.In view of vast function of textile products, this technical specification specifies the scope of application.Products not belonging to scope of this technical specification are listed in Annex A.This technical specification only sets general safety specifications on the textile products; other requirements shall be implemented in line with other correspondent standards.This technical specification will replace GB 18401-2001 Textiles-Limit to formaldehyde content from theimplementation date of this specification.This technical specification shall be effective since January 1
st
, 2005. Product produced before January 1
st
,2005 and conforming to relative standards shall be allowed a transitional period of 1 year till January 1
st
,2006. After implementation of this technical specification, if general safety specifications on textile products in technical documents of other correspondent standards do not conform to this technicalspecification, this technical specification shall prevail.Annex A and Annex B of this technical specification are informative annexes and annex C is normativeannex.This technical specification was proposed by China Textile Industry Association.This technical specification is under jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Textiles of Standardization Administration of China.This technical specification was drafted by Standardization Institute of Textile Industry and NationalQuality Supervision & Inspection Center of Cotton Textiles.Chief drafting stuffs of this technical specification are: Zheng Yuying, Xu Lu and Wang Baojun.This technical specification shall be interpreted by Standardization Administration of the People’sRepublic of China (National Standardization Administration Bureau).
 
GB 18401-2003
National General Safety Technical Code for Textile Products
1
 
Scope
This technical specification specifies general safety specifications on, test method, inspection rules,implementation and supervision of textile products. Other requirements on textile products shall beimplemented as per relative standards.This technical specification is applicable to textile products for clothes and furnishing produced, sold andused inside China. Products for export can be implemented as per agreements in the contract.Products listed in annex A does not belong to scope of this technical specification, unless otherwiseagreed by both the supplier and the buyer or otherwise regulated by the state.
2
 
Normative references
The clauses in the following documents that were cited by this Standard became clauses of this Standard.For cited documents with a date, all their subsequent modifications (excluding corrections) or revisions donot apply to this Standard. However, parties having reached an agreement based on cited standards with adate are encouraged to study whether the latest versions of the cited documents with a date are applicable.For cited documents without a date, the latest versions apply to this Standard.GB/T 2912.1 Textiles-Determination of formaldehyde-Part 1: Free and hydrolyzed formaldehyde (Water extraction method)GB/T 3920 Textiles-Tests for color fastness -Color fastness to rubbing (GB/T 3920-1997, eqv ISO 105X12:1993)GB/T 3922 Textiles-Testing method for color fastness to perspiration (GB/T 3922-1995, eqv ISO105-E04: 1994)GB/T 5713 Textiles-Tests for color fastness-Color fastness to water (GB/T 5713-1997, eqv ISO 105-E01:1994)GB/T 7573 Textiles-Determination of pH of the aqueous extract (GB/T 7573-2002, ISO 105-E01: 1994,MOD)GB/T 17592.1 Textiles-Test method of the use of banned azo colourants- Part 1: Gaschromatography/mass spectrography methodGB/T 18886 Textiles-Tests for color fastness -Color fastness to saliva
3
 
Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this technical specification.3.1
 
Textile productsProduct that takes natural fiber and chemical fiber as raw material and is produced through processingcrafts such as spinning, weaving and dyeing or through such crafts as sewing and compounding, for example, yarn, fabric and its finished product.3.2
 
General safety specificationThe most basic requirements proposed to ensure that the textile product is harmless to human health.3.3
 
Products for babiesTextile products for babies within 24 months.3.4
 
Products with direct contact to skinTextile product, a large part of which directly contacts body skin over when put on or used.3.5
 
Products without direct contact to skinTextile product that does not contact human skin directly or only has a little area directly contact humanskin when put on or used.

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